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{{Warning|为反映新的KDE基础设施,目前这些网页正被完全重写,可能包含不一致的内容。一些网页上的信息和命令可能不再有效,请小心使用。}}
 
  
==简介==
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The KDE community is perhaps best known for its Plasma desktop workspace as well as its rich collection of applications but the community has also produced libraries and tools to make software development more enjoyable or, at the very least, less painful. Whether you're looking to write you first KDE application, make your existing Qt project more awesome, or get involved with one or more of the great KDE projects, this is a great place to get your journey started!
  
[http://community.kde.org/Getinvolved 加入] KDE 社区方式多种多样,最常见的方式是从单纯使用我们的软件开始到最终成为核心平台开发者。
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{{Note|
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To contribute to KDE, see [https://community.kde.org/Get_Involved the Get Involved page on the Community Wiki].
  
本部分内容属于 KDE TechBase,用于引导您加入 KDE 社区的技术部落。您将了解到 KDE 软件的结构及如何构建,以及如何构建您自己的 KDE 软件。
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If you are looking for build instructions, [https://community.kde.org/Guidelines_and_HOWTOs/Build_from_source up-to-date build instructions] are available  on the Community Wiki, and we also have [[{{BASEPAGENAME}}/Build/Historic|historic ones]].
 +
}}
  
==使用 KDE 软件==
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= Setting Up =
  
如果您仅仅是想使用稳定版的 KDE 软件用于日常计算需求的话,那么您就不需要自己构建 KDE 软件,只需要使用 Linux 发行商提供的安装包安装即可。
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Getting started can be as simple or as involved as you need it to be. As much as possible, use your distro's packages to simply and speed up development unless you really need to get the latest source code version. And no, you don't need to "compile all of KDE" just to use a single framework. Not convinced? Check out our [[Development/Tutorials/Setting_Up|Setting Up Guide]] to see how easy it can be.
  
学习如何使用 KDE 软件的最佳地点就是发行商的网站的技术支持频道。不过你也可以在下面这些链接的页面发现有用的信息:
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= KDE Frameworks =
* [http://www.kde.org/download/distributions.php 预装 KDE 的发行版]
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'''[[Frameworks|KDE Frameworks 5]]''' is built on top of the excellent Qt application framework to provide more functionality and power to your next big project. KDE software developers will also find classes that help them better integrate their applications into the Plasma workspace and with other KDE products.
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Build/Distributions|在 Linux 和 BSD 发行版上安装 KDE 软件]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Projects/KDE_on_Windows/Installation|在 Windows 上安装 KDE 软件]]
 
* 在 Mac OS X 上,目前还没有有效的 KDE 软件安装包,但是你可以使用 [http://mac.kde.org/?id=build MacPorts or Fink] 轻松的构建
 
  
== 获取帮助 ==
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* [https://www.kde.org/products/frameworks/ KDE Frameworks Product page]
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* [[Development/Tutorials#Basics_of_how_to_develop_with_KDE_Frameworks|Tutorials to get started with KF5]]
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* [https://api.kde.org/frameworks/index.html KDE Frameworks 5 API Documentation]
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* KDE Frameworks on [[Frameworks|TechBase]] and the [[Community:Frameworks|Community Wiki]]
  
If you are looking for help in using the KDE Workspace or KDE Applications then please visit the [http://userbase.kde.org/ KDE UserBase].  
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= Kirigami =
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Named after the Japanese art of cutting and folding paper to create beautiful objects, the '''[[Kirigami|Kirigami framework]]''' offers components to let your piece together a beautiful and responsive application. Expanding the Qt Quick framework, Kirigami empowers developers to create apps that look and behave well on desktop, mobile, and more.
  
If you have any questions or problems with building or developing KDE Software please feel free to [[Special:myLanguage/Development/Getting_Help|ask for help]].  However, be patient while waiting for a response, and try to work through the problem yourself, we aren't going to do it ''all'' for you.  Working your way through and understanding why something doesn't work is a good way to learn how to do things the right way.
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* [https://kde.org/products/kirigami/ Kirigami landing page]
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* [https://api.kde.org/frameworks/kirigami/html/index.html Kirigami API documentation]
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* Kirigami on [[Kirigami|TechBase]] and the [[Community:Kirigami|Community Wiki]]
  
== Browsing the code ==
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= Tutorials =
The KDE project is all free and open source. You can view its source code and make changes.
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Get your feet wet or dive head first into coding with KDE's collection of '''Tutorials'''. From writing your first application using the KDE Frameworks to developing applets for the Plasma workspace, these bite-sized guides will get you up and running in no time.
  
http://projects.kde.org hosts the source for many KDE-related initiatives, including [https://projects.kde.org/projects/kde KDE itself].  Choose a piece of KDE such as KDE Libraries, then click Repository to browse its source. [[Getting_Started/Sources]] explains the organization of KDE source code.
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* [[Development/Tutorials|Development Tutorials]]
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* [[Development|TechBase Development Hub]]
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* [[Community:Get_Involved|Get involved with the KDE Community]]
  
There are other utilities to browse the source code:
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= Plasma =
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KDE's world-famous workspace for desktops and mobile, '''Plasma''' provides a rich set of building blocks to help developers create rich, beautiful, and productive user experiences on different devices, form-factors, and use cases. [[Projects/KWin|KWin]] is one of the most powerful and most flexible window managers around, providing advanced functionality and control on both X11 and Wayland systems.
  
* http://lxr.kde.org/search lets you search the code ''(may be out of date?)''
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* [https://kde.org/plasma-desktop.php Plasma Desktop website]
* http://api.kde.org lets you browse API documentation generated from the code. You can search for class names, but not filenames.
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* [[Development/Tutorials/Plasma5|Plasma Tutorials]]
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* [https://www.plasma-mobile.org/ Plasma Mobile website]
  
== Building and Running KDE Software From Source ==
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= It's just the beginning =
 +
These are just the large tips of the KDE iceberg. The community has developed many libraries for more specific needs and use cases that developers can also use to simplify their projects.
  
There are several possible ways to build and install KDE software and the method you choose depends on what you want to do with the software. In particular if you are only wanting to build and develop a single application you may not need to build the entire KDE Development Platform to do so.  You can read more about this on the [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Build/Methods|Build Methods page]].
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* Need an easy and cross-platform way to handle audio and video? [[Phonon]]'s API will be very familiar to Qt developers and supports multiple backends, including GStreamer, VLC, and anything else you might want to develop.
 +
* If you need a privacy-respecting way to display maps and even the whole world, [[Marble]] provides data models and widgets to make that a walk in the park.
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* If you need libraries for handling email, events, and more, the [[KDE PIM]] libraries have withstood not only the test of time but also the test of enterprise customers.
  
If you simply want to build one application, the simple tutorial [[Development/Tutorials/Building_An_Existing_Application|Building an Existing Application]] might be enough already.
 
  
{{Note|'''Quickstart:''' If you are impatient to get started without understanding what you are doing then you can skip straight to using a [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Build#Scripted_Builds|Build Script]], but it is strongly recommended you read this documentation first.}}
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Check out the other KDE Projects that provide libraries and APIs that you can use to boost your own projects. The KDE Community is also welcoming not just new contributors but also new projects that want to be part of one of the biggest free software communities on the planet.
  
<!-- what about https://launchpad.net/project-neon that used to be linked here in 2010, does that still apply? - User:Skierpage -->
 
  
The following sections explain the steps you need to understand and give the instructions you need to follow to successfully build KDE Software from source:
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[[Category:Needs_Attention]]
 
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Sources|How the KDE Source Code is structured]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Build|How to Build and Install the software]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Run/Nested_Session|How to Run a nested session of KDE]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Run/Full_Session|How to Run a full session of KDE]]
 
 
 
==开发模式==
 
 
 
TODO: General introduction to the dev model, release cycles, etc.
 
 
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Schedules/Release_Schedules_Guide|The KDE Release Schedule]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Development/Software_Engineering_Framework|The KDE Software Engineering Framework]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Policies|KDE Development Policies and Procedures to follow]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Policies/Application_Lifecycle|The development lifecycle for a new application]]
 
 
 
== Development Tools ==
 
 
 
There are a number of [[Special:myLanguage/Development/Tools|Development Tools]] that are either required or helpful when building KDE Software.  For these you will usually want to use the stable packages provided by your distribution.
 
 
 
You may want to use a graphical IDE for your development work:
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Development/Tutorials/Using_Qt_Creator|Qt Creator]]
 
* [http://www.kdevelop.org/ KDevelop 4]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Development/Tools/Eclipse|Eclipse]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Getting_Started/Using_an_IDE_with_KDE4|Using an IDE with KDE4]]
 
 
 
== Contributing To KDE ==
 
 
 
Once you have a copy of KDE built you can then start contributing back to KDE.  The pages below will help you find out how you can help make KDE even better.
 
 
 
[[Image:Action_tool.svg|right|32px]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Contribute|Contribute]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Contribute/Send_Patches|Send Patches]]
 
* [[Special:myLanguage/Contribute/Bugsquad|Bugsquad]]
 
 
 
[[Category:Build_KDE]]
 

Latest revision as of 13:20, 20 August 2019

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The KDE community is perhaps best known for its Plasma desktop workspace as well as its rich collection of applications but the community has also produced libraries and tools to make software development more enjoyable or, at the very least, less painful. Whether you're looking to write you first KDE application, make your existing Qt project more awesome, or get involved with one or more of the great KDE projects, this is a great place to get your journey started!

Note
To contribute to KDE, see the Get Involved page on the Community Wiki. If you are looking for build instructions, up-to-date build instructions are available on the Community Wiki, and we also have historic ones.


Setting Up

Getting started can be as simple or as involved as you need it to be. As much as possible, use your distro's packages to simply and speed up development unless you really need to get the latest source code version. And no, you don't need to "compile all of KDE" just to use a single framework. Not convinced? Check out our Setting Up Guide to see how easy it can be.

KDE Frameworks

KDE Frameworks 5 is built on top of the excellent Qt application framework to provide more functionality and power to your next big project. KDE software developers will also find classes that help them better integrate their applications into the Plasma workspace and with other KDE products.

Kirigami

Named after the Japanese art of cutting and folding paper to create beautiful objects, the Kirigami framework offers components to let your piece together a beautiful and responsive application. Expanding the Qt Quick framework, Kirigami empowers developers to create apps that look and behave well on desktop, mobile, and more.

Tutorials

Get your feet wet or dive head first into coding with KDE's collection of Tutorials. From writing your first application using the KDE Frameworks to developing applets for the Plasma workspace, these bite-sized guides will get you up and running in no time.

Plasma

KDE's world-famous workspace for desktops and mobile, Plasma provides a rich set of building blocks to help developers create rich, beautiful, and productive user experiences on different devices, form-factors, and use cases. KWin is one of the most powerful and most flexible window managers around, providing advanced functionality and control on both X11 and Wayland systems.

It's just the beginning

These are just the large tips of the KDE iceberg. The community has developed many libraries for more specific needs and use cases that developers can also use to simplify their projects.

  • Need an easy and cross-platform way to handle audio and video? Phonon's API will be very familiar to Qt developers and supports multiple backends, including GStreamer, VLC, and anything else you might want to develop.
  • If you need a privacy-respecting way to display maps and even the whole world, Marble provides data models and widgets to make that a walk in the park.
  • If you need libraries for handling email, events, and more, the KDE PIM libraries have withstood not only the test of time but also the test of enterprise customers.


Check out the other KDE Projects that provide libraries and APIs that you can use to boost your own projects. The KDE Community is also welcoming not just new contributors but also new projects that want to be part of one of the biggest free software communities on the planet.


This page was last edited on 20 August 2019, at 13:20. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.