< Projects | UsabilityRevision as of 13:25, 9 January 2014 by Htietze (talk | contribs) (→Text)(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff) Contents 1 Introduction 2 Structure 2.1 Conceptual Model 2.2 Task Flow 2.3 Organizational Model 3 Behaviour 3.1 Viewing and Navigation 3.1.1 Access functions 3.1.2 Grouping 3.1.3 Complex views 3.2 Editing and Manipulation 3.2.1 Selection 3.2.2 Unconstrained input 3.2.3 Constrained input 3.3 User Assistance 3.3.1 User-driven information 3.3.2 System triggered notification 3.3.3 Disruptive messages 3.3.4 Help system 4 Presentation 4.1 Layout 4.2 Style 4.3 Text 5 Contributing 6 See also 7 Legacy stuff Introduction Human interface guidelines (HIG) are software development documents that offer application developers a set of recommendations. Their aim is to improve the experience for users by making application interfaces more consistent and hence more intuitive and learnable. Learn more about the philosophy behind the KDE HIG Structure Conceptual Model Real World, Vision Task Flow Core usability goals, Use cases / User requirements, Task aggregation Personas, Scenarios, Usability criteria, Feature list Organizational Model Terminology Information architecture, Interface management, Window style, Basic arrangement, Screen design, Design Pattern central configuration (content tbd.) Notification mechanism (content tbd.) Minimize to tray (perhaps at behaviour>navigation) Behaviour Viewing and Navigation Access functions Apply a menu bar to every standard application. Try to omit the status bar from your application. Provide a context menu for controls with implicit functions. Provide a toolbar for frequently used functions. Use a push button to initiate an action when the user clicks it. Use a toogle button to indicate a state, preferably in toolbars only. Use a command link to navigate between pages. Support keyboard access by accelerators and shortcuts. Follow the guidelines for dialogs for secondary windows. Grouping Arrange associated controls by using a labeled group box or an unlabeled frame. Allow users to resize aligned groups by placing a splitter between the groups. Use tabs to show related information on separate pages. Provide an accordion (aka tool box) for different views to content. Complex views Use a list view to show some items out of one category. Use a tree view to show items with a single, natural, hierarchical categorization. If you really need to create your own widget follow the guidelines for custom controls. Double check the guidelines about plotting diagram/charts. Editing and Manipulation Selection Use radio buttons for selection of 1 out of a few items. Use one or more check boxes for clear options or to select items out of a small number of options. Use a drop-down list for selection of 1 out of a small number of items. Use a combo box to select 1 out of a small number of items where users should be able to add items. Use a list view to select 1 singular item out of a potentially big list. Apply the dual list pattern for several selections out of a large number of (multiple) items. Unconstrained input Provide a line edit to enter one line of text. Provide a text edit to enter multiple lines of texts. Use a table view to arrange data in rows and columns with inline editing feature. Constrained input Use a spin box for numerical input within a range and with fix steps. Use a slider for arbitrary changes within a defined range. Apply the slider and spin box pattern for numeric input with both large changes and precise control. Use date and time pickers for formatted input of datum, time of day, or periods etc. User Assistance User-driven information Provide tool-tips for user driven information. System triggered notification Provide a message panel to inform users about non-critical problems. Use a notification as system-triggered message to inform about events out of the current context. Show a progress indicator for lengthy actions. Disruptive messages Show a modal message dialog if the processing has reached an unexpected condition that needs interaction. Help system Support the user by an elaborated interface or per help system. Presentation Layout Place controls carefully with proper size and space between. Carefully place control according the KDE alignment style. Do not use color as primary method of communication. Choose icons from the Oxygen icon set and follow guidelines on icon design. Style Text Keep wording consistent and easy to understand. Take care about localization of your project. Use ellipsis to label functions which require user’s input. Do not apply capitalization except for titles and in case of sentence style. Apply standard control labels in your app. Avoid static text in your app. Contributing Didn't find what you were looking for? A guide to the guide can be found at the about page. Our Human Interface Guidelines are a work in progress and we need your help. Visit the Contributing page to report problems or get involved. See also KDE HIG for Plasma Active KDE HIG for Plasma Netbook Guidelines for Designing User Interface Software (Smith & Mosier, 1986) Microsoft Windows User Experience Interaction Guidelines Mac OS X Human Interface Guidelines GNOME Human Interface Guidelines (v2.2.3) elementary OS HIG Android User Interface Guidelines Legacy stuff KNewStuff Button Labels Exclamation Points Retrieved from "https://techbase.kde.org/index.php?title=Projects/Usability/HIG&oldid=81743" Category: Usability Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.