Nepomuk provides a Query Library which is a part of the nepomuk-core library. It can be user to dynamically create queries. This Query Library eventually compiles the queries into Sparql which is then run on our database - virtuoso.
It is recommended that you use the Query Library when you're searching for resources which have some direct properties. If the queries are too complex, maybe you should be directly using SPARQL. It all depends on your use case. The only advantage of using the QueryLibrary is that with improvements in the query library, your queries should get faster.
The entire Query Library resides in the Nepomuk2::Query namespace. It consists of a number of terms which can be combined together to create larger terms. Eventually when you've have created the final term, you can pass it to
Nepomuk2::Query::Query and run the query
The different kinds of terms are -