Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Programming Tutorial KDE 4/Using KConfig"

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{{Warning|The subject matter that I was going to cover in this tutorial is already covered in [[Development/Tutorials/KConfig]] and so this tutorial will probably be removed.}}
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[[image:introtokdetutorial4.png|frame|center]]
 
[[image:introtokdetutorial4.png|frame|center]]
 
==Abstract==
 
==Abstract==

Revision as of 16:08, 28 June 2007

noframe
 
Warning
The subject matter that I was going to cover in this tutorial is already covered in Development/Tutorials/KConfig and so this tutorial will probably be removed.


Introtokdetutorial4.png

Contents

Abstract

Author: Fabian Korak

Author: Matt Williams(presets)

In this tutorial, we're going to be showing you how to utilise KConfig XT in an application. It is recommended that you read Development/Tutorials/Using KConfig XT before continuing in order to familiarise yourself with the framework.

Prerequisites

KConfig XT

At first we make new File called tutorial4.kcfg within the source directory of your project.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE kcfg SYSTEM "http://www.kde.org/standards/kcfg/1.0/kcfg.xsd"> <kcfg> <kcfgfile name="kjotsrc"/> <include>kglobalsettings.h</include> <group name="kjots"> <entry name="showAction" type="Bool"> <label>Whether setupAction is called</label> <default>true</default> </entry> </group> </kcfg>

This code makes a setting of the type bool, which determines whether we want to do something. Then we set the default value to be true.

Always start the value of <entry name=""> in lower case since KConfig XT sets them to lower case within the generated headers either way. If you don't this could give you some nearly untraceable errors

Now we make a new File called tutorial4.kcfgc.

File=tutorial4.kcfg ClassName=tutorial4 Singleton=true Mutators=true

This should set up your configuration for now.

The Code

mainwindow.h

  1. ifndef MAINWINDOW_H
  2. define MAINWINDOW_H
  1. include <KXmlGuiWindow>
  2. include <KTextEdit>


class MainWindow : public KXmlGuiWindow {

public: MainWindow(QWidget *parent=0); private: KTextEdit* textArea; void setupActions(); void setupConfig(); void readConfig(); void saveSettings(); int m_showAction;

};

  1. endif


There are some new voids in here, as well as m_showAction witch determines the value stored in KConfig XT. Despite that value being a bool we can actually use an integer here, since the type is converted either way.

mainwindow.cpp

  1. include "mainwindow.h"
  2. include "tutorial4.h"
  1. include <KApplication>
  2. include <KAction>
  3. include <KLocale>
  4. include <KActionCollection>
  5. include <KStandardAction>
  6. include <KConfigDialog>

MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent) : KXmlGuiWindow(parent) {

textArea = new KTextEdit; setCentralWidget(textArea); setupConfig(); }

void MainWindow::setupActions() {

QAction* clearAction = actionCollection()->addAction( "clear" );

clearAction->setText(i18n("Clear")); clearAction->setIcon(KIcon("filenew")); clearAction->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL+ Qt::Key_W);

connect(clearAction, SIGNAL(triggered(bool)), textArea, SLOT(clear()));

KStandardAction::quit(kapp, SLOT(quit()), actionCollection());

setupGUI();

}

void MainWindow::setupConfig() { readConfig();


}

void MainWindow::readConfig() { m_showAction = tutorial4::showAction(); if(m_showAction = (true)) setupActions();

}

void MainWindow::saveSettings() { tutorial4::setShowAction(m_showAction); tutorial4::self()->writeConfig(); }


At first we import "tutorial4.h", which should be auto-generated at runtime by KConfig XT every time you compile this. MainWindow and SetupActions are copied from the tutorials before. The only thing new is that we now call a new void called setupConfig. This then calls readConfig. We could also call saveSettings(but only after we called readConfig), but since we don't change any values there this is more of a "proof of concept".

Within readConfig we assign m_showAction the value of the setting showAction. If this returns true setupsActions makes buttons and all that. When false it doesn't.

The setShowActions() in saveSettings() overwrites showAction with a value of your choice, in this case with itself. Then you need to call writeConfig() to apply the changes you made.

main.cpp

  1. include "mainwindow.h"


  1. include <KApplication>
  2. include <KAboutData>
  3. include <KCmdLineArgs>

int main (int argc, char *argv[]) { KAboutData aboutData( "tutorial4", "tutorial4", "0.4", "KMessageBox popup", KAboutData::License_GPL, "(c) 2007" ); KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );

KApplication app;

MainWindow* window = new MainWindow(); window->show();

return app.exec();

}

No news in here

tutorial4ui.rc

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE kpartgui SYSTEM "kpartgui.dtd"> <gui name="tutorial4" version="1">

 <ToolBar name="mainToolBar" >
   <text>Main Toolbar</text>
   <Action name="clear" />
 </ToolBar>
 <MenuBar>
   <Menu name="file" >
     <text>&File</text>
     <Action name="clear" />
   </Menu>
 </MenuBar>

</gui>

CMake

CMakeLists.txt

PROJECT(tutorial4)

FIND_PACKAGE(KDE4 REQUIRED) INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES( ${KDE4_INCLUDES} ${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR})

SET(tutorial4_SRCS

 main.cpp
 mainwindow.cpp

)

KDE4_ADD_KCFG_FILES(tutorial4_SRCS settings.kcfgc)

KDE4_ADD_EXECUTABLE(tutorial4 ${tutorial4_SRCS})

TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES( tutorial4 ${KDE4_KDEUI_LIBS})

install( TARGETS tutorial4 DESTINATION ${BIN_INSTALL_DIR}) install( FILES tutorial4ui.rc DESTINATION ${DATA_INSTALL_DIR}/tutorial4) install( FILES tutorial4.kcfg DESTINATION ${KCFG_INSTALL_DIR} )

Moving On

For a better understanding of the XML used in KConfig XT you could try to write an Xml Parser


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