Development/Tutorials/Programming Tutorial KDE 4

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Note: This page is about KDE 4. It isn't applicable for KDE 3 development.

Contents

Overview

Basics

KDE heavily depends on Qt. Many KDE classes inherit from Qt classes. KDE 4 is based on Qt 4, KDE 3 is based on Qt 3. When this tutorial introduces a new Qt class, you're also learning KDE programming.

Your lessons

Hello World

If you read the above, you will be taken into a world where every line of code is friendly and good to beginners.

Using KMainWindow

This tutorial shows you the magic of an application's most important thing: The main window.

Using KActions and XmlGui

Maybe you want to guide your users through your own menues, then this is right for you.

Using KConfig XT to store and retrieve settings

You always wanted to store configuration options ? Then eat this!

How to write an XML parser

Yes, even XML parsers are explained here.

How to start your CMAKE project

Need a quick template for your KDE 4 projects ? Here's a cmake project environment.

Using QTableWidget

A QTableWidget is an easy way to present an editable table to the user.

Using KTreeWidget

A KTreeWidget is a KTableWidget with hierarchical display.

How to work with Exceptions

Exceptions are means of saying "something went wrong, but that is not fatal".

Getting Help

Finding documentation

Whenever you have a KDE class and want the API documentation for it (KApplication, for example), point a konqueror window to

kde:KApplication

Be aware that the kde: konqueror shortcut only works for classes in kdelibs. If you ask for a class outside of kdelibs or a class that the API search software doesn't know about, you'll be redirected to the main API documentation page. You will need to navigate from there to find the class you're looking for.

If you need to look up the Qt API documentation for a class, you can point a Konqueror window to

qt:QApplication

This can be done in addition to browsing the Qt documentation locally, or using Qt Assistant.

Finding other developers

Mailing lists

There are two main development mailing lists:

Many other mailing lists for certain applications also existing. Before posting a question, it's always best to make sure you direct it to the right list. Emailing your question to the right list can help you get an answer faster. You can get an overview of the various available mailing lists at http://www.kde.org/mailinglists

IRC

If you're looking for something a bit more in the instant gratification department, then feel free to ask your question on IRC. KDE uses the Freenode network and the easiest way to get on IRC is to point your favorite IRC client to irc.kde.org. There are several IRC clients available for KDE such as konversation and ksirc. There are two main channels for KDE development:

  • The #kde-devel channel for general KDE development questions
  • The #kde4-devel channel for questions specific to KDE 4 development

Additionally, there are channels for discussing the sub-frameworks of KDE 4:

  • The #plasma channel for development on Plasma. The new KDE 4 desktop framework.
  • The #solid channel for development on Solid. The hardware detection/management framework for KDE 4.
  • The #phonon channel for development on Phonon. The new KDE 4 multimedia framework.

As with mailing lists, many applications have their own IRC channel. However, there currently is not a list of common IRC channels available. If you need to ask a question about a specific application, check that application's home page to see if there's an IRC channel available specifically for that application. If a channel is not listed, it's best to ask your question on one of the above two general development discussion channels.

In order to get the most out of your IRC experience, it's best to follow these guidelines when asking questions:

  • If you have a question, just ask it. There's no need to ask if you can ask a question.
  • Be prepared to wait for an answer. Even though IRC is more real-time mode of communication, there may not be anyone available to answer your question immediately after you ask it. In general, if you don't receive a response on IRC in about an hour, it's best to send an email.
  • Don't ask the question more than once. Even though the channel is active, the right person may not be available to provide an answer. If you are told to wait for a certain person to come online, be sure to ask again when you see them come online. Again, if you don't receive a response to your question in about an hour, it's best to send an email.

Suggested reading

http://edu.kde.org/development/tips.php


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