Projects/ HOWTO


Capacity is a versatile framework which helps you to construct your page by focusing on the content. Your pages will be simple PHP-files which include predefined header and footer. This header/footer layout the page, you only provide the real content and menu structure.

Example PHP-file

Any normal page just contains:


 $page_title = "Page Title";
 include "";


 Content of the web page

<?php include ""; ?>

The magic

For each subsite, a in the toplevel directory of this page, which would be equal to the later documentroot on the server in many cases, may be created. This include is used by the, it should contain some information about your site, like it's name and the email address of the webmaster, this will be used by header/footer to setup the page correct.

An example would be:


 // promote which subdomain we are
 // we are in this case!
 $site = "www";
 // use new style ;) yeah
 $templatepath = "newlayout/";
 // promote title to use
 $site_title = i18n_var("K Desktop Environment");
 // links in the top bar, right
 $menuright = array ('family/'=>'Sitemap',
   'contact/'=>'Contact Us');


Even in the you can already use the i18n-functions, which is important to have the names right on translated pages!

Global Variables setup by

The does some setup of global vars, even before it includes the, these are:

$site_root $document_root $url_root $current_relativeurl

  • $site_root contains the relative path to the toplevel of the current site, like:

$site_root = "../.."

  • $document_root contains the absolute pathname which is the documentroot of this site, even correct if the site isn't in it's own vhost. Example:

$document_root = "/home/www/sites/www"

  • $url_root contains the absolute base url to the toplevel of your site, if your site would, for example, have a it's toplevel in, like it is for staging, this would contain:

$url_root = /sites/www

$current_relativeurl = whatiskde/manifest.php

BE AWARE: In former version of the framework it was common to set the $site_root manually before including the, this won't work now, as the will overwrite the $site_root. This should cause no danger, as should find out the right one, but in the long term, all manual definitions should be removed, the global variables exports should be used to replace the usage of the old $site_root.

The framework is clever, it will never add trailing slashs to the $site_root, $document_root and $url_root, therefor they can and must always be used like: $some_url = "$site_root/mycoolpage.php"

Configuration Variables

You can set some variables to alter the behaviour of the framework, either global in your or in front of your inclusion in each .php-files.

Useful variables are:

  • The Name for your whole subdomain/site, best set once in

$site_title = "KDE Foo Site Title";

  • The title of the individual page.

$page_title = "Page Title";

  • Don't show edit function on the page. The default is $showedit = true;. This setting should normally not be used. is the preferred place.

$showedit = false;

Online Editing

Capacity features online editing and previewing of changes.

You can make and preview changes of existing pages online by clicking on the [edit] link at the bottom of each page. Try it on this page. Then you can download you changes and commit them yourself via SVN, or you can click the link to email a unified diff to the web team.

Menu Definitions

The navigation menu is defined by a number of files. They are included by a function in media/includes/classes/, which is called from media/includes/ The general menu structure is defined in the file of the root directory of each KDE subsite (e.g. or

It should look like this: <?php

 $this->setName ("KDE Foo Site Title");
 $section =& $this->appendSection("Inform");
 $section->appendLink("KDE Home","",false);
 $section =& $this->appendSection("A Second Menu Section");
 $section->appendDir("A Subdirectory","subdirectory");
 $section->appendLink("A Single Page","singlepage.php");


Also you could show a little 16*16 Icon for each menu item.You should give the Icon url as the last argument to the appendDir or appendLink:


 $section->appendDir("A Subdirectory","subdirectory", true, false, "icon.png");

in the Above code, first argument is the title of the menu, second argument is the url, third argument defines that if this menu item is relative, forth argument should be True if it links to a directory and last argument is the Icon

To show an Icon with appendDir, just add icon url as the third argument, like this:

 $section->appendDir("A Subdirectory","subdirectory", "icon.png");

Each mentioned subdirectory will then also be searched for a file to define a submenu (e.g.

The format is similar: <?php

 $this->appendDir("A Subsubdirectory","subsubdirectory");
 $this->appendLink("A Page in the Subdirectory","singlepage.php");


The content of subsubdirectories is currently not added to the menu, but this may change in future. If a subdirectory has just the index.php file or a submenu for the subdirectory is not desired, then an empty can be added. If the is missing, then the subdirectory is be treated like having an empty file.


The main headline of a page is defined via $page_title. If a page has several sections with a headline each, <h2> is used for them (<h3> for subsections):

<a name="section1" />Section Headline

Subsection Headline

Headlines must never be used to increase the size of a text. Use <b> to make it stick out. The first letters of every word of a headline or link should be capitalized, apart from small words like "a", "to", etc.

To allow better navigation through the site, each <h2> heading should be linked from a quicklinks section on top of the page:

This page was last edited on 11 March 2016, at 17:48. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.