< LanguagesRevision as of 21:18, 13 January 2011 by Dourouc05 (talk | contribs) (→Non-SMOKE bindings: update perlqt4 link)(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff) Perl is a powerful and versatile high-level programming language. You can find out more about the language itself on the Perl website. Contents 1 Qt 3 2 Qt 4 2.1 SMOKE based bindings 2.2 Non-SMOKE bindings 3 Hello PerlQt4 4 API Overview 4.1 Coverage 4.1.1 Qt 4.1.2 KDE 4.2 Available methods 4.3 Virtual Methods 4.4 Properties 4.5 Operator overloading 4.6 Subclassing 4.7 Signals and Slots Qt 3 Complete object-oriented bindings for Qt 3, based on SMOKE, are available on the PerlQt project page. Those bindings provide virtual functions overloading, custom slots and signals, and Rapid Application Development (RAD) through puic, a Qt Designer compatible user interface compiler. Qt 4 SMOKE based bindings The Qt 3 bindings have been ported to work with Qt 4, and is included with the kdebindings module for KDE SC 4.5. The rest of this document supplies information about these bindings. Non-SMOKE bindings You can read more about Perl bindings for Qt 4 and download Perl Qt4. Hello PerlQt4 !/usr/bin/perluse strict; use warnings; use QtCore4; use QtGui4; my $app = Qt::Application( \@ARGV ); my $hello = Qt::Label( 'Hello, World!' ); $hello->show(); exit $app->exec(); API Overview The PerlQt4 API mimics PerlQt3 very closely. So if you have written using PerlQt3, the transition should be very easy. Coverage PerlQt4 is modular, where one Perl module will load one Qt/KDE module. Modules currently exist for: Qt QtCore QtGui QtTest KDE KDECore KDEUi KIO Plasma Available methods All Qt public and protected methods are supported, as well as friend methods. Virtual Methods All virtual methods can be overridden by Perl subroutines. Properties Some classes in Qt are implemented using publicly accessible properties, like the QStyleOption classes. To set properties, call a method called "set<PropertyName>", like $styleOption->setDirection(); Operator overloading The full range of Qt operator methods is available, for example: my $p1 = Qt::Point(5,5) # (5, 5) my $p2 = Qt::Point(20,20) # (20, 20) $p1 + $p2 # (25, 25) Subclassing To define a subclass, declare a package, and then use the "QtCore4::isa" module. Pass the name of the class you're subclassing as an argument, similar to the syntax for "use base". package MyWidget; use QtCore4; use QtCore4::isa qw( Qt::Widget ); Signals and Slots Signals and slots are declared by use'ing the QtCore4::signals and QtCore4::slots modules. The arguments is an array of string/arrayref pairs, where the items in the array define the types of arguments that signal/slot accepts. In the background, it is building a C++ method signature. Retrieved from "https://techbase.kde.org/index.php?title=Languages/Perl&oldid=56654" Category: Perl Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.