Difference between revisions of "Getting Started/Sources/Subversion"

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{{Moved To Community|Infrastructure/Subversion}}
series=Getting Started|
name=Using Subversion With KDE|
reading=[[Contribute/Send Patches|Contributing/Sending Patches]]|
reading=[http://svnbook.red-bean.com/ Version Control with Subversion]|
This is a quick KDE-specific introduction for using Subversion to access files and software in KDE's repositories. For comprehensive coverage of Subversion we recommend reading the book "[http://svnbook.red-bean.com/ Version Control with Subversion]".
Please see the [[Development/Git|KDE Git page]] for more details about git within KDE. Also note that Subversion is currently being dismantled. See [http://community.kde.org/Sysadmin/SVNInfrastructureShutdown this timeline]
== Getting started  ==
In order to use the KDE Subversion repository, you will need a Subversion client program.
If you only need SVN for checking out the sources (read-only), use the protocol: "svn" at the server: "anonsvn.kde.org".
So for example, instead of what you see throughout this tutorial, your paths would be similar to this: svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdevelop
If you would like to commit changes to the repository, you will need an SVN account, which is obtainable here:&nbsp;[[Get a SVN Account|get an SVN Account]].<br>
'''Installing Subversion:''' instructions on installing the client are not presented here. Refer to your system installation instructions to find out how you can install Subversion. You will need version 1.1 at least <!-- this needs confirmation -->. If you are compiling from sources and want to access the KDE repository by https (and not by svn+ssh), you will need SSL and ZLIB support, so you will need the <tt>--with-ssl --with-zlib</tt> options.
Alternatively, you can install one of the many graphical clients out there (for example, kdesvn, albeit unofficial). This tutorial is intended for people using the <tt>svn</tt> program only, referring to tasks accomplished with the usual <tt>cvs</tt> program.
'''Getting an account:''' if you have had a CVS account before, it has been migrated to the new Subversion client.
== The KDE repository structure  ==
That's the address of the KDE Subversion repository. 
The SSL certificate md5 fingerprint for the repositories:
F6BF EDE2 D016 D1B2  4F18 742E 2C8F B7EF
The SSL certificate sha1 fingerprint for the repositories:
For people using svn+ssh, here's the fingerprint of the server's RSA key:
The repository is organised in main directories:
You can explore the repository structure at [http://websvn.kde.org/ http://websvn.kde.org/]
=== The top-level directory /trunk  ===
The <tt>/trunk</tt> top-level subdirectory is where the main development for KDE occurs. What you will find here is what will become the next KDE release and its associated programs. Here you will also find the <tt>www</tt> module, which contains webpages for KDE's site and related ones.
<tt>/trunk</tt> is further subdivided into these sub-directories:
*<tt>KDE/</tt><br>KDE itself, what will become the next public release. It contains the following modules:
**'''kdelibs''' - KDE basic libraries, used by all KDE programs
**'''kdebase''' - KDE base programs, like the KDE Control Center, Kicker (the panel) and Konqueror (the web browser)
**'''kdeaccessibility''' - Accessibility files
**'''kdeadmin''' - KDE Administration applications
**'''kdeartwork''' - Images, themes, sounds and other art files
**'''kdebindings''' - Bindings for languages other than C++
**'''kdeedu''' - KDE Educational applications
**'''kdegames''' - KDE Games
**'''kdegraphics''' - KDE Graphical applications
**'''kdemultimedia''' - KDE Multimedia applications
**'''kdenetwork''' - KDE Networking applications
**'''kdepim''' - KDE Personal Information Management applications
**'''kdepimlibs''' - Libraries used by KDE-PIM applications.
**'''kdesdk''' - KDE Software Development Kit applications
**'''kdetoys''' - KDE toy applications
**'''kdeutils''' - KDE General utilities
**'''kdewebdev''' - KDE Web development applications
:Common admin/ directory
:[http://bugs.kde.org/ Bugzilla] files
:The content of developer.kde.org
:KDE programs outside the main KDE releases.
:Temporary home for KDE applications that are believed to have reached release-quality. From here, once all major issues are resolved, applications are moved either to <tt>/trunk/KDE/</tt> or to <tt>/trunk/extragear/</tt>
:Supporting applications and libraries for KDE
*<tt>koffice/</tt><br>The KDE Office suite, containing the programs:
:Konstruct, the KDE build program
:Translations for the "unstable" modules of KDE 3 (extragear, playground)
:Translations for KDE 4
:The KDE playground: applications being developed, but not having yet reached release-quality.
:The Valgrind application, which is hosted on the KDE repository, but that is not part of KDE itself. Note that newer versions of Valgrind are developed on their own repository. The KDE Valgrind modules only holds up to Valgrind 2.4.
:Webpages for the KDE site (and related sites). Write access to this directory is restricted.
=== The top-level directory <tt>/tags</tt>  ===
This directory contains the official releases of the programs maintained and developed in the KDE repository. Each individual application has a subdirectory here. Inside it, you will find the release numbers.
For instance, the KDE 3.4.0 code can be found under <tt>/tags/KDE/3.4.0/</tt>.
=== The top-level directory <tt>/branches</tt>  ===
This directory contains the branch versions of the applications after a major release.
Most KDE applications adhere to the philosphy that new features (as well as new user-visible strings) are added only to the next release cycle — the one that lives in <tt>/trunk/</tt>. However, bugfixes are applied to all applications, even after release.
In order to do that, a branch is created at the moment of the release, indicating the state of the files at that time. Bugfixes are then checked in to those files. Those branches are the ones in <tt>/branches/</tt>.
For instance, the KDE 3.4.x branch can be found under <tt>/branches/KDE/3.4/</tt>
The subdirectories you will find inside <tt>/branches</tt> are the application subdirs, like <tt>akregator/</tt>, <tt>amarok/</tt>, <tt>arts/</tt>, <tt>k3b/</tt>, etc. You will also find a <tt>KDE/</tt> subdir, containing the official KDE releases since time immemorial.
One special subdir is found in <tt>/branches</tt>: <tt>work/</tt>. This subdir contains the so-called "work branches", that is, branches containing features being worked on, sometimes highly experimental. Multi-application work branches always are checked in to <tt>/branches/work/</tt>, but single-application branches may be found in each application's subdir. That is a decision left to the developers.
== Checking out and updating  ==
=== Checking out  ===
In order to check out something with Subversion, you use the <tt>checkout</tt> subcommand.
'''WARNING:''' If you checkout trunk/KDE/ or branches/KDE/foo/ you will download complete kde-i18n!
Suppose you wanted to check out only kdeedu from the KDE repository. You would do:
Subversion users currently using ssh access should use protocol svn+ssh while subversion users currently using password access should use protocol https in the following:
svn checkout svn+ssh:://[email protected]/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdeedu
For checking out kdevelop from extragear you would do:
svn checkout svn+ssh://[email protected]/home/kde/trunk/extragear/sdk/kdevelop
If you don't have a KDE developers account, use:
svn checkout svn:://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/extragear/sdk/kdevelop
=== Updating  ===
In order to update, you use the <tt>update</tt> subcommand.
You change into your checked out copy (for those new to this whole process, the checked out copy should be in your Home folder) and issue a <tt>svn update</tt> (or, shorter, <tt>svn up</tt>) command.
== Knowing the status of a file  ==
To know which local files you had modified, you have to do
svn status
and look at the files with '''M''' (for modified).
== Committing to the repository  ==
Committing to the Subversion repository is accomplished with the <tt>commit</tt> (<tt>ci</tt> for short) subcommands:
svn commit
# or
svn ci
# or
svn ci filename.cpp
This way, <tt>svn</tt> will launch the editor specified in <tt>$SVN_EDITOR</tt> for you to compose the commit message. If you prefer, you can give <tt>svn</tt> the -m option with your full message:
svn ci -m "Updating protocol to conform to HTTP/1.1"
== Ignoring files  ==
Subversion stores ignored files per directory. To edit the ignored files of the directory you are currently in, do
  svn propedit svn:ignore .
that will launch your editor, write there the names of the files you want to ignore, one file per line. Once you are done, do a commit so the ignored list file gets updated on the server.
A lot of files were ignored in CVS with help from global ignore list which is not supported yet by SVN. You can wait for svn 1.3 or you need to add the ignore list to the [miscellany] group in your {{path|~/.subversion/config}} (all in one line):
global-ignores = *.o *.lo *.la .*.rej *.rej .*~ *~ .#* #*# .DS_Store *.moc
*.moc.cc *.moc.cpp config.log config.status config.cache *.gmo .deps .libs
SunWS_cache *.lo *.la *.rpo *.la.closure *_la_closure.cpp *_la_closure.cc
*_la_closure.cxx *.all_cc.cc *.all_cpp.cpp *.all_C.C *.all_cxx.cxx
*_meta_unload.cc *_meta_unload.h *_meta_unload.cpp *_meta_unload.C
*_meta_unload.cxx index.cache.bz2 .memdump Makefile.rules.in Makefile.calls.in
Makefile.rules Makefile.calls autom4te.cache *.kidl
== Working with multiple revisions and branches  ==
Unlike CVS, Subversion doesn't generate a revision number for each file modified. Instead, the full repository is versioned, as a whole. This way, a given revision number represents the state the repository was on a given date. In other words, a revision number is like a timestamp (in fact, the Subversion server uses this fact to search for dates in the repository faster).
So, for instance, when you check out the KDE repository, Subversion will tell you the following:
Updated to revision 403821.
This means that the latest revision available at the time of the operation was 403821. If you make a modification and commit, Subversion will update the server-side revision and will inform you of it. Like CVS, only the committed files will be updated: you will need run <tt>cvs up</tt> to update the rest of the files.
If you want to retrieve a specific revision of a file, you can use the <tt>-r</tt> switch. Besides the revision number itself, -r accepts a number of other possibilities:
*The revision number: for example, use -r 403819 to retrieve that version
*'''BASE''': the revision you updated to
*'''COMMITTED''': the revision a file was last modified, before BASE
*'''PREV''': the revision of the previous commit to the file before COMMITTED
*'''HEAD''': the most recent revision available in the server
*'''{ date }''': between curly brackets, you can specify a date for searching the closest revisions
The following illustrates the evolution of the keywords:
#You run <tt>svn up</tt> to update to the latest available revision. Suppose Subversion tells you it updated to revision 403821. This means that HEAD and BASE are 403821.
#You modify file README and commit it. Suppose Subversion tells you it committed revision 403822. This means HEAD, BASE and COMMITTED are 403822.
#You modify the file again and commit it. Now PREV is 403822, but HEAD, BASE and COMMITTED are updated to a new value (suppose it's 403823).
#Now someone else modifies the repository, and you update your working copy. If Subversion tells you it updated to 403824, this means now HEAD and BASE are moved to 403824 (but PREV and COMMITTED stay the same)
#If someone modifies the README file now, HEAD is moved. The other keywords stay the same for you, until you update. At this time, we will have HEAD = 403825 (the latest available revision), BASE = 403824 (the revision you last updated to), COMMITTED = 403823 (the revision of the latest change to the file when you last updated) and PREV = 403822 (the revision of the change before COMMITTED)
Those keywords are useful to retrieve logs and diffs for commits to the repository.
If you want to see the difference between your working copy and BASE, you can run:
svn diff
This is a very fast operation, since Subversion keeps a local copy of BASE. It doesn't need a network connection to accomplish this operation.
If you want to see the difference between your local copy and the latest available on the server, you will run:
svn diff -r HEAD
If you want to see what has changed in the repository since you've last updated, you can use:
svn diff -r BASE:HEAD
If you want to see the last change to a file before BASE, you can use:
svn diff -r PREV:BASE
# or
svn diff -r PREV:COMMITTED
That is also valid for the <tt>svn log</tt> command.
== Linking in subdirectories from other places  ==
It can happen you would like to include a copy of a subdirectory from another place, but just for convenience, not for developing the code in there. Of course it should be updated automatically whenever the original changes. Subversion can help you. You need to edit the property <tt>svn:external</tt> of the directory the subdirectory should be added to. So for the current directory you use
svn propedit svn:externals .
and then enter lines of the form
libkhalkhi svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/playground/pim/khalkhi
Updating will now fetch <tt>/trunk/playground/pim/khalkhi</tt> into the subdirectoy <tt>libkhalkhi</tt>.
{{warning|Beware that you cannot commit changes you did to the local copy of the external subdirectory, it is just a readonly copy.}}
You use <tt>svn://anonsvn.kde.org</tt> and not another protocol, because <tt>anonsvn.kde.org</tt> is accessible to everyone. Using <tt>https:</tt> or <tt>svn+ssh:</tt> would only work for users of that protocol. There are still some small disadvantage with <tt>anonsvn.kde.org</tt>: It is not always in synchronization with <tt>svn.kde.org</tt>, so updates in the original branch may take a while to appear on <tt>anonsvn.kde.org</tt>. And some strict firewalls are blocking the <tt>svn:</tt> protocol.
A special case in KDE 3 is the subdirectory <tt>admin</tt>, containing the KDE 3 build utilities. It is linked in to the top directory in all modules, and maintained in <tt>/branches/KDE/3.5/kde-common</tt>. For <tt>admin</tt> the KDE subversion server is configured to allow readonly access for everyone, so if you see
admin https://svn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/KDE/3.5/kde-common/admin
there is no need to change this.
== Further Links  ==
*[[Development/Tools/svnmerge.py|Merge tracking with svnmerge.py]]
= Old Getting_started/Sources/Anonymous SVN Page =
== Abstract ==
For those of us that like to stay on the "bleeding edge" there's an easy way to keep a local copy of the KDE sources up-to-date — anonymous SVN.
Alternatively, install [[Getting_Started/Distribution_Packages|KDE SVN packages from your distribution]].
== Anonymous SVN ==
=== Setup Subversion ===
First, install the subversion (svn) binary if it isn't already on your computer. Your operating system should have a package for it. Alternatively you can download and compile it yourself via the [http://subversion.tigris.org/project_packages.html svn project download page]. Please read the [[Getting_Started/Sources/Using_Subversion_with_KDE|KDE Subversion tutorial]] if you are interested in how to use Subversion.
=== Checkout KDE TRUNK ===
'''/trunk/''' is where the Qt4-based KDE 4 is being developed. The following is the minimal set of modules you will need to check out to build KDE and KDE software:
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdepimlibs
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
You also need to checkout KDESupport:
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/kdesupport
{{tip|If your firewall doesn't allow access to arbitrary ports, substitute '''svn://anonsvn.kde.org/''' with '''svn://anonsvn4.kde.org:443/''' above.}}
=== Checking out trunk using snapshots ===
If you are checking out modules from '''trunk/''' you may be able to save time by using snapshots.  Using Subversion trunk snapshots is described at [[../Snapshots|the Subversion snapshots tutorial page]].
=== Checking out specific releases ===
KDE modules are also tagged at each release so that it is possible to get a specific release of KDE. Most KDE modules have a tag name in the format '''tags/KDE/X.Y.Z''' (where X, Y and Z represent the exact version). The arts module (only needed for KDE 2 and KDE 3) has a different format of tag name, '''tags/arts/X.Y.Z'''. For instance to get kdelibs as it was shipped in KDE 3.5.0, do:
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.0/kdelibs/
If you then want to update this checkout to KDE 3.5.5, use this command:
svn switch svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.5/kdelibs
{{tip|If you used a '''/branch/''' or '''/trunk/''' path, then there is no need to switch, just run '''svn update'''.}}
=== Checking out translations ===
If you are looking for translations and other localizations, check out the appropriate language from the appropriate module: [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/l10n-kde4 l10n-kde4] (KDE4) or [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/l10n-kde3 l10n-kde3] (KDE3).
{{Warning|The l10n module is ''extremely'' large. Be sure you have lots of time and disk space on hand before checking out the entire l10n module. Most people only check out specific language subdirectories rather than the entire l10n module.}}
You are now ready to start building KDE! Visit [[Getting_Started/Build|this page]] for instructions on building trunk or [[Getting_Started/Build/Stable_Version|this page]] for instruction on compiling the last stable release.
=== Checkout from behind a proxy ===
If the tip above didn't help you, and you've realized that the only way to go seems to be with http://anonsvn.kde.org/.. , then you will have to jump through a few hoops to get an svn checkout. Transconnect is a small piece of software that can tunnel all the traffic through your friendly neigbourhood proxy server. Get the transconnect sources from http://transconnect.sourceforge.net/ , compile it, and edit ~/.tconn/tconn.conf to point to your proxy server. Export the LD_PRELOAD variable as per the README from transconnect, and you're set to go.
== Also of interest ==
* Visit http://websvn.kde.org/ to browse the source code online.
* anonsvn.kde.org is a round robin DNS entry, which will resolve to one out of several anonsvn mirrors. The DNS setup is maintained by [mailto:[email protected] the KDE sysadmins]. However, it might be desireable to choose a local mirror explicitely. Some mirrors are listed below, sorted by performance:
** kde.mneisen.org is located near Nuernberg, Germany, maintained by [mailto:[email protected] Martin Eisenhardt]
** www.englishbreakfastnetwork.org also hosts an anonymous SVN mirror, at the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands. Maintained by [mailto:[email protected] Adriaan de Groot]
[[Category:Build KDE]]

Latest revision as of 12:34, 11 March 2016

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This page was last edited on 11 March 2016, at 12:34. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.