Difference between revisions of "Getting Started/Build/KDE4"

 
(Redirected page to Getting Started/Build)
 
(835 intermediate revisions by more than 100 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
!! Build instructions
+
#REDIRECT [[Getting_Started/Build|Building KDE]]
This article provides the only working guide to install KDE 4 from subversion to me. It consolidates howtos from various sites, e.g.
 
[http://developer.kde.org/build/compile_cvs.html].
 
This topic shows one way that works. It does not intend to explain the obvious background behind it.
 
 
 
To reduce complexity, we use the bash-shell (standard) throughout the tutorial.
 
 
 
{maketoc}
 
 
 
!! Become the user kde-devel
 
{CODE()}useradd kde-devel
 
mkdir /home/kde-devel
 
chown kde-devel:kde-devel /home/kde-devel 2>/dev/null || chown kde-devel:users /home/kde-devel{CODE}
 
 
 
Change to the user kde-devel:
 
{CODE()}su - kde-devel{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Setting the environment
 
You have to add some environment variables - add these lines to ~/.bashrc.
 
{CODE()}export YACC='byacc -d'
 
export QTDIR=$HOME/qt-unstable
 
export KDEDIR=$HOME/kde
 
export KDEDIRS=$KDEDIR
 
export DBUSDIR=$KDEDIR
 
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$DBUSDIR/lib/pkgconfig:\
 
$PKG_CONFIG_PATH
 
export PATH=$QTDIR/bin:$KDEDIR/bin:$PATH
 
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$QTDIR/lib:$KDEDIR/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
 
alias dbusstart="eval `PATH=$DBUSDIR/bin \
 
$DBUSDIR/bin/dbus-launch --auto-syntax`"
 
function cmakekde { cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$HOME/kde \
 
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debugfull [email protected] && make VERBOSE=1 && make install
 
} {CODE}
 
 
 
!! Check out the software
 
{CODE()}svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/qt-copy
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
 
wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.4/cmake-2.4.3.tar.gz
 
wget http://dbus.freedesktop.org/releases/dbus-0.91.tar.gz
 
{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Build DBus
 
{CODE()}tar xvfz dbus-0.91.tar.gz
 
cd dbus-0.91/
 
./configure --disable-qt --disable-qt3 --prefix=$DBUSDIR \
 
--localstatedir=/var && make && make install
 
{CODE}
 
__Make sure the dbus session is running__
 
Otherwise some parts of the build will fail, e.g. kxml_compiler based file processing in kdepim.
 
{CODE()}dbusstart{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Build Qt
 
{CODE()}cd ~/qt-copy && \
 
./configure -qt-gif -no-exceptions -debug -fast \
 
-prefix $QTDIR -qdbus && make && make install{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Build and install CMake
 
 
 
The default prefix is /usr/local, make sure /usr/local/bin is in your PATH.
 
 
 
{CODE()}
 
tar zxf cmake-2.4.3.tar.gz
 
mkdir cmake-build
 
cd cmake-build
 
../cmake-2.4.3/bootstrap
 
make
 
sudo make install
 
{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Build KDElibs
 
{CODE()}cd ~/
 
mkdir kdelibs_build
 
cd kdelibs_build
 
cmakekde ../kdelibs{CODE}
 
 
 
!!! Troubleshooting
 
If you have problems compiling this, first make sure the following commands can be executed: aclocal, autoconf, autoheader, gcc, g++, pkg-config.
 
 
 
__Note :__  If you get "Could NOT find GIF", install the devel package of libungif (the actual name may vary on distribution).
 
 
 
If the problems persist, try the make-option
 
{CODE()}--keep-going{CODE}
 
 
 
 
 
!! Build kdepimlibs
 
Before KDEBase you need to install kdepimlibs
 
 
 
{CODE()}
 
cd
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdepimlibs
 
mkdir kdepimlibs-build
 
cd kdepimlibs-build
 
cmakekde ../kdepimlibs
 
{CODE}
 
!!! Troubleshooting
 
To compile against kdelibs (not the snapshot) add
 
{CODE()}set(KDE4_IGNORE_DONTPORT TRUE){CODE} to the CMakeLists.txt before 'find_package(KDE4 REQUIRED)'
 
 
 
 
 
!! Build KDEbase
 
You may need KDEbase for some kioslaves.
 
{CODE()}
 
cd
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
 
mkdir kdebase-build
 
cd kdebase-build
 
cmakekde ../kdebase
 
{CODE}
 
!!! Troubleshooting
 
If you have troubles compiling this:
 
- Make sure you have the libxss headers installed. (Usually you got undefined references on xscreensaver objects if you haven't those headers)
 
- Make sure you compiled and installed kdelibs4_snapshot including the kdoctools. {CODE()}which meinproc{CODE} has to deliver in{CODE()}/home/kde-devel/kde{CODE}
 
 
 
!! Start KDE 4 programs
 
To start the desktop environment itself, do:
 
{CODE()}X :1 & export DISPLAY=:1
 
startkde{CODE}
 
Maybe you are logged in as your normal user (not kde-devel), want to stay in your current environment (KDE 3.5, gnome, whatever) and start a KDE 4 program. To start only kwrite from KDE 4, do:
 
{CODE()}ssh -X [email protected]
 
kwrite{CODE}
 

Latest revision as of 16:34, 20 March 2011


This page was last edited on 20 March 2011, at 16:34. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.