In Mandriva the build dependencies you need are installed with:
urpmi gcc-c++ cmake libxml2-devel libbzip2_1-devel \
libclucene0-devel liblrdf2-devel libmesagl1-devel \
subversion doxygen libdbus-1_3-devel libopenssl0.9.8-devel \
libalsa2-devel libgpgme-devel libboost1-devel libxine-devel
If you're running 64-bit environment you should replace all packages starting with "lib..." to "lib64...".
If you prefer a graphical interface, select the packages listed above in the "Install Software" tool in Mandriva Linux Control Center.
This includes installation of CMake, DBus, so you can proceed to compiling qt.