Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Using KXmlGuiWindow"

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This page was moved [https://develop.kde.org/docs/getting-started/main_window/ here]
<translate>
 
<!--T:1-->
 
{{TutorialBrowser|
 
series=Beginner Tutorial|
 
name=How To Use KXmlGuiWindow|
 
pre=[[Development/Tutorials/First_program|Tutorial 1 - Hello World]]|
 
next=[[Development/Tutorials/Using_Actions|Tutorial 3 - QActions and XMLGUI]]|
 
reading={{class|KXmlGuiWindow}}
 
}}
 
 
 
==Abstract== <!--T:2-->
 
 
 
<!--T:3-->
 
This tutorial carries on from [[Development/Tutorials/First_program/KF5|First Program Tutorial]] and will introduce the {{class|KXmlGuiWindow}} class.
 
 
 
<!--T:4-->
 
In the previous tutorial, the program caused a dialog box to pop up but we're going to take steps towards a functioning application.
 
 
 
 
 
<!--T:5-->
 
[[image:tutorial2-kf5.png|frame|center]]
 
 
 
==KXmlGuiWindow== <!--T:6-->
 
 
 
<!--T:7-->
 
{{class|KXmlGuiWindow}} provides a full main window view with menubars, toolbars, a statusbar and a main area in the centre for a large widget. For example, the help-menu is predefined. Most KDE applications will derive from this class as it provides an easy way to define menu and toolbar layouts through XML files (this technology is called XMLGUI and is part of the KF5::XmlGui framework). While we will not be using XMLGUI in ''this'' tutorial, we will use it in the next.
 
 
 
<!--T:8-->
 
In order to have a useful KXmlGuiWindow, we must subclass it. So we create two files, a <tt>mainwindow.cpp</tt> and a <tt>mainwindow.h</tt> which will contain our code.
 
 
 
===mainwindow.h=== <!--T:9-->
 
</translate>
 
 
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">
 
#ifndef MAINWINDOW_H
 
#define MAINWINDOW_H
 
 
#include <KXmlGuiWindow>
 
 
 
class KTextEdit;
 
 
class MainWindow : public KXmlGuiWindow
 
{
 
  public:
 
    explicit MainWindow(QWidget *parent = nullptr);
 
 
  private:
 
    KTextEdit* textArea;
 
};
 
 
#endif
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
<translate>
 
<!--T:10-->
 
First we subclass KXmlGuiWindow with <tt>class MainWindow : public KXmlGuiWindow</tt> then we declare the constructor with <tt>MainWindow(QWidget *parent = nullptr);</tt>.
 
 
 
<!--T:11-->
 
And finally, we declare a pointer to the object that will make up the bulk of our program. {{class|KTextEdit}} is a generic rich text editing widget with some niceties like cursor auto-hiding.
 
 
 
===mainwindow.cpp=== <!--T:12-->
 
</translate>
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">
 
#include "mainwindow.h"
 
 
 
#include <KTextEdit>
 
 
 
MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent) : KXmlGuiWindow(parent)
 
{
 
  textArea = new KTextEdit();
 
  setCentralWidget(textArea);
 
  setupGUI();
 
}
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
<translate>
 
<!--T:13-->
 
First, of course, we have to include the header file containing the class declaration.
 
 
 
<!--T:14-->
 
We initialise our text editor with an object and use KXmlGuiWindow's built-in setCentralWidget() function on it which tells the KXmlGuiWindow what should appear in the central section of the window.
 
 
 
<!--T:15-->
 
Finally, KXmlGuiWindow::setupGUI() is called which does a lot of behind-the-scenes stuff and creates the default menu bars (Settings, Help).
 
 
 
==Back to main.cpp== <!--T:16-->
 
 
 
<!--T:17-->
 
In order to actually run this window, we need to add a few lines in main.cpp:
 
 
 
===main.cpp=== <!--T:18-->
 
 
 
<!--T:19-->
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">
 
#include <cstdlib>
 
#include <QApplication>
 
#include <QCommandLineParser>
 
#include <KAboutData>
 
#include <KLocalizedString>
 
#include "mainwindow.h"
 
 
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
 
{
 
    QApplication app(argc, argv);
 
    KLocalizedString::setApplicationDomain("tutorial2");
 
   
 
    KAboutData aboutData(
 
                        // The program name used internally. (componentName)
 
                        QStringLiteral("tutorial2"),
 
                        // A displayable program name string. (displayName)
 
                        i18n("Tutorial 2"),
 
                        // The program version string. (version)
 
                        QStringLiteral("1.0"),
 
                        // Short description of what the app does. (shortDescription)
 
                        i18n("A simple text area"),
 
                        // The license this code is released under
 
                        KAboutLicense::GPL,
 
                        // Copyright Statement (copyrightStatement = QString())
 
                        i18n("(c) 2015"),
 
                        // Optional text shown in the About box.
 
                        // Can contain any information desired. (otherText)
 
                        i18n("Some text..."),
 
                        // The program homepage string. (homePageAddress = QString())
 
                        QStringLiteral("http://example.com/"),
 
                        // The bug report email address
 
                        // (bugsEmailAddress = QLatin1String("[email protected].kde.org")
 
                        QStringLiteral("[email protected]"));
 
    aboutData.addAuthor(i18n("Name"), i18n("Task"), QStringLiteral("[email protected]"),
 
                        QStringLiteral("http://your.website.com"), QStringLiteral("OSC Username"));
 
    KAboutData::setApplicationData(aboutData);
 
 
    QCommandLineParser parser;
 
    aboutData.setupCommandLine(&parser);
 
    parser.process(app);
 
    aboutData.processCommandLine(&parser);
 
   
 
    MainWindow* window = new MainWindow();
 
    window->show();
 
   
 
    return app.exec();
 
}
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
<!--T:20-->
 
Again, we include our new header file in order to create our MainWindow object which we then display.
 
 
 
==CMake== <!--T:21-->
 
 
 
<!--T:22-->
 
The best way to build the program is to use CMake. We add <tt>mainwindow.cpp</tt> to the sources list, include the XmlGui and TextWidgets (for KTextEdit) frameworks, and replace all <tt>tutorial1</tt> text to <tt>tutorial2</tt>.
 
 
 
===CMakeLists.txt=== <!--T:23-->
 
</translate>
 
 
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="cmake">
 
cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.0)
 
 
 
project (tutorial2)
 
 
 
set(QT_MIN_VERSION "5.3.0")
 
set(KF5_MIN_VERSION "5.2.0")
 
 
 
find_package(ECM 1.0.0 REQUIRED NO_MODULE)
 
set(CMAKE_MODULE_PATH ${ECM_MODULE_PATH} ${CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR}/cmake)
 
 
 
include(KDEInstallDirs)
 
include(KDECMakeSettings)
 
include(KDECompilerSettings NO_POLICY_SCOPE)
 
include(FeatureSummary)
 
 
 
find_package(Qt5 ${QT_MIN_VERSION} CONFIG REQUIRED COMPONENTS
 
    Core    # QCommandLineParser, QStringLiteral
 
    Widgets # QApplication
 
)
 
 
 
find_package(KF5 ${KF5_MIN_VERSION} REQUIRED COMPONENTS
 
    CoreAddons      # KAboutData
 
    I18n            # KLocalizedString
 
    XmlGui          # KXmlGuiWindow
 
    TextWidgets    # KTextEdit
 
)
 
 
 
feature_summary(WHAT ALL INCLUDE_QUIET_PACKAGES FATAL_ON_MISSING_REQUIRED_PACKAGES)
 
   
 
set(tutorial2_SRCS main.cpp mainwindow.cpp)
 
 
 
add_executable(tutorial2 ${tutorial2_SRCS})
 
 
 
target_link_libraries(tutorial2
 
    Qt5::Widgets
 
    KF5::CoreAddons
 
    KF5::I18n
 
    KF5::XmlGui
 
    KF5::TextWidgets
 
)
 
 
 
install(TARGETS tutorial2  ${KDE_INSTALL_TARGETS_DEFAULT_ARGS})
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
<translate>
 
 
 
=== Compile and run === <!--T:24-->
 
The best way to compile, link and run it is to [[Getting_Started/Build|set up a correct build environment]]. But for a simple tutorial like this, it's enough to just create a build directory and build from there. This command takes care of all of that in one line:
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
mkdir build && cd build && cmake .. && make && ./tutorial2
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
==Moving On== <!--T:25-->
 
Now you can move on to [[Development/Tutorials/Using_Actions|Using Actions]].
 
 
 
<!--T:26-->
 
[[Category:C++]]
 
</translate>
 

Latest revision as of 14:32, 8 September 2020

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This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 14:32. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.