Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Programming Tutorial KDE 4/How to write an XML parser"

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HTML parsing only works for "legal" html documents.  
 
HTML parsing only works for "legal" html documents.  
 
For example, look at this code:
 
For example, look at this code:
<code xml>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="xml">
 
<html>
 
<html>
 
   <body>
 
   <body>
Line 127: Line 127:
  
 
See here:
 
See here:
<code xml>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="xml">
 
<html>
 
<html>
 
   <body>
 
   <body>

Revision as of 20:33, 29 June 2011

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A parser is used to distinguish between formal language and bulk data of a given grammar. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parser for more information. There are two ways to write a parser: to split up the content of a file into an object as known from object-oriented programming (the DOM approach) or to trigger a function everytime a reader occurs a given syntax tag (the QXML approach).

The QXML approach

parser.h: <syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt" line> /*

parser.h - demonstration of a parser in C++
  • /
  1. ifndef PARSER_H
  2. define PARSER_H
  1. include <qstring.h>
  2. include <QtXml/QXmlDefaultHandler>
  3. include <QtXml/QXmlAttributes>

class Parser : public QXmlDefaultHandler { public:

 Parser();
 /** given by the framework from qxml. Called when parsing the xml-document starts.          */
 bool startDocument();
 /** given by the framework from qxml. Called when the reader occurs an open tag (e.g. \<b\> ) */
 bool startElement( const QString&, const QString&, const QString& qName, const QXmlAttributes& att );

};


  1. endif

parser.cpp: <syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt" line> /*

parser.cpp - demonstration of a parser in C++
  • /
  1. include "parser.h"
  2. include <kdebug.h>
 Parser::Parser()
 {
 }
 
 bool Parser::startDocument()
 {
   kDebug() << "Searching document for tags";
   return true;
 }
 
 bool Parser::startElement( const QString&, const QString&, const QString& qName, const QXmlAttributes& att )
 {
   kDebug() << "Found Element" << qName;
   return true;
}

hello.cpp: <syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt" line> /* hello.cpp compile it with g++ -I. -I/home/kde-devel/kde/include -I/home/kde-devel/qt-unstable/include/Qt -I/home/kde-devel/qt-unstable/include /home/kde-devel/qt-unstable/include/QtXml parser.h parser.cpp hello.cpp -L/home/kde-devel/kde/lib -L/home/kde-devel/qt-unstable/lib -lQtCore_debug -lQtXml_debug -lkdeui

  • /


  1. include <qstring.h>
  2. include <QXmlInputSource>
  3. include <qfile.h>
  4. include <parser.h>

int main() {

 Parser* handler=new Parser();
 QXmlInputSource* source=new QXmlInputSource(new QFile("hello.htm"));
 QXmlSimpleReader reader;
 reader.setContentHandler( handler );
 reader.parse( source );

}

The DOM approach

<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt" line> /*

  dom.cpp
  A demonstration how to use the dom parsing framework.
  Prints the first subnode of an HTML file, i.e. typically 
  "head" or "body".
  compile it like this:
  g++ -I. -I/opt/kde3/include -I/usr/lib/qt3/include dom.cpp \
  -L/opt/kde3/lib -L/usr/lib/qt3/lib -lqt-mt -lkdeui   
  • /
  1. include <qdom.h>
  2. include <qfile.h>
  3. include <kdebug.h>

int main() {

 QDomDocument doc( "myDocument" );
 QFile qf("hello.htm");
 doc.setContent( &qf );
 QDomElement docElement = doc.documentElement(); 
 QDomNode node;
 node = docElement.firstChild();
 kdDebug() << node.nodeName() << endl;

}

Drawbacks

HTML parsing only works for "legal" html documents. For example, look at this code: <syntaxhighlight lang="xml"> <html>

 <body>
     <a href="http://www.kde.org/"></a>
     <a href="/index.php?title=Special:User&returnto=Main_Page">Log in</a>
     <a href="http://www.gmx.de"></a>
 </body>

</html> This code contains a & and will bring your parser to an error.

See here: <syntaxhighlight lang="xml"> <html>

 <body>
     <a href="http://www.kde.org/"></a>
     <a href="/index.php" nowrap>Log in</a>
     <a href="http://www.gmx.de"></a>
 </body>

</html> This code will throw an error because of the nowrap that is not xml-conform.


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