< Development | Tutorials | Plasma4Revision as of 20:51, 31 May 2008 by Mart (talk | contribs) (→Current Theme Elements)(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff) libplasma provides the Theme class so Plasma elements and other applications, such as KRunner, that need to graphically hint or theme interface elements. This is not a replacement for QStyle, but rather provides standard elements for things such as box backgrounds. This allows for easy re-theming of the desktop while also keeping elements on the desktop more consistent with each other. See also Plasma widgets. See also Creating a Plasma Theme. Contents 1 Theme Storage 2 Image Access 3 Reaction to Theme Changes 4 Backgrounds format 5 Current Theme Elements 6 "Opaque" folder Theme Storage Themes are stored in share/apps/desktoptheme. A theme is described by a .desktop file in share/apps/desktoptheme. The contents of which might look like this: [Desktop Entry] Name=Oxygen Comment=Theme done in the Oxygen style X-KDE-PluginInfo-Author=The Oxygen Project [email protected] X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name=default X-KDE-PluginInfo-Version=pre0.1 X-KDE-PluginInfo-Website=http://plasma.kde.org X-KDE-PluginInfo-Category= X-KDE-PluginInfo-Depends= X-KDE-PluginInfo-License=GPL X-KDE-PluginInfo-EnabledByDefault=true The X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name entry must contain the name of the subdirectory in share/apps/desktoptheme where the SVG files for this theme exist. Beneath this directory one will find the following file structure: colors: optional a configuration file defining a colorscheme that blends well with the images widgets/: images for widgets dialogs/': images for dialogs opaque/: optional directory containing images appropriate for non-compositing environments locolor/: optional directory containing images appropraite for locolor (e.g. 8 bit color) environments Image Access Theme elements are accessed by path. Whether this maps to literal paths on disk or not is not guaranteed and considered an implementation detail of Plasma::Theme. Therefore, to access the dialog background, one might create an svg in this manner: Plasma::Theme theme; QSvgRenderer svg(theme.image("dialog/background")); It is generally recommended to use Plasma::Svg instead of QSvgRenderer directly, however. Remember to call resize() on the Plasma::Svg before painting with it! Plasma::Svg svg("dialog/background"); svg.resize(size()); Reaction to Theme Changes If you use Plasma::Svg, changes to the theme are automatically picked up. Otherwise, you can connect to the changed() signal in the Plasma::Theme class. This signal is emitted whenever the theme is changed, which may be triggered by the user switching the theme used or system changes such as a composite manager becoming available. Backgrounds format All background svg's (except for desktop wallpapers) must have the following named elements, all of which will be painted at the native size (and can therefore be bitmaps), except for the center which will be scaled: topleft: the top left corner topright: the top right corner bottomleft: the bottom left corner bottomright: the bottom right corner top: the top bar between the two top corners left: the left bar between the two left corners right: the right bar between the two right corners bottom: the bottom bar between the two bottom corners center: the center fill; will be scaled so should be an actual SVG element Some plasma components may use the above named elements with prefixes. For example the panel placed on the left side of the screen uses the "west" prefix (west-topleft, west-topright, etc.). Additionally, the following elements can be used to control the rendering of the backgrounds: hint-stretch-borders: if it exists, the borders will not be tiled but rather will be stretched to fit hint-tile-center: if it exists, the center will not be scaled but rather will be tiled to fit. (requires the latest SVN version of KDE, or 4.1) hint-no-border-padding: If this element exists, padding will not be added for the borders, and content will therefore be able to use the entire area. hint-apply-color-scheme: If this element exists, the svg will be colorized using the color scheme colors. Colorization is applied at 100%, and tapers off on either side, of an HSV color value/intensity of 127. (requires the latest SVN version of KDE, or 4.1) Current Theme Elements Themes get installed to share/apps/desktoptheme. Each theme is stored in a subdirectory with the following file structure /dialogs: elements for dialogs /background.svg: generic dialog background used by the sceensaver password dialog, etc. See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. /krunner.svg: dialog background, used by the Run Command. See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. /shutdowndlg.svg: background and buttons for the log out dialog background: background for the logout dialog button-normal: button background button-hover: button background on cursor hover button-small-normal: small button background button-small-hover: small button background on cursor hover /widgets: generic desktop widget background /background.svg: a background image for plasmoids. See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. /translucentbackground.svg: a standard background image for plasmoids that for their nature are bigger and with not much text. In this case a translucent background looks better. It needs the same elements of background.svg in it. If this file is not present, the plasmoids that uses this will use background.svg instead. /tooltip.svg: background for tooltips used for instance in the taskbar and with icons. See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. /clock.svg: an analog clock face. it must have the following named elements: ClockFace: the background of the clock, usually containing the numbers, etc HourHand: the hour hand, pointing down in the svg MinuteHand: the minute hand, pointing down in the svg SecondHand: the second hand, pointing down in the svg HourHandShadow, MinuteHandShadow and SecondHandShadow: drop shadows for the hands (optional, KDE 4.1 and later) HandCenterScrew: the "pin" that holds the hands together in the center Glass: a final overlay which allows for things such as the appearance of glass /iconbutton.svg: backgrounds and overlays for icons that are clickable. can have any of the following named elements: minibutton: the default appearance of the top-left button minibutton-hover: the appearance of the top-left button when is hovered minibutton-pressed: the appearance of the top-left button when is pressed background: the default background, painted beneath the icon background-hover: background when the mouse hovers the icon background-pressed: background when the icon is pressed foreground the default foreground, painted on top of the icon foreground-hover: foreground when the mouse hovers the icon foreground-pressed: foreground when the icon is pressed selection-rect: displayed when the icon is selected /panel-background.svg: the default background image for panels. See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. If you want to create different background for panels located at the top, bottom, left or right, then also create sets of background elements with the following prefixes: north, south, west and east respectively. For example the center element of the left positioned panel's background should be named west-center. (KDE 4.1 and later) /plot-background.svg: a background for plotter (graph) widgets, such as the plots in ksysguard /toolbox-button.svg: the background for the desktop configuration toolbox button that sites at the edge of the desktop /tasks.svg: task item backgrounds for tasks (KDE 4.1 and later). See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. The following element prefixes are required: focus: background of focused task item hover: background when the pointer hovers the task item attention: background when tasks item is trying to get attention normal: background of normal, unfocused task item The svg must contain elements of all four prefixes, if a prefix is missing that element will be not be drawn. /systemtray.svg: a background for the system tray (KDE 4.1 and later). See the section on backgrounds above for information on the required elements in this file. /containment-controls.svg: handles for the control used to resize the panel (KDE 4.1 and later). The following elements are required. maxslider maximum size slider, south position minslider minimum size slider, south position offsetslider positioning slider, south position Each of the above elements must be present with north, south, east and west prefixes for each panel position. There are also four backgrounds (north, south, east and west orientations) for the ruler widget itself in the "Backgrounds format", since the width of the widget is 100% the elements of left and right (or north and bottom if vertical) are not needed "Opaque" folder In the folder share/apps/desktoptheme/opaque the same hierarchy can be found: when compositing is disabled files in this folder are preferred over the corresponding ones listed above. Only background for top level windows are appropriate to go in this folder. Since top-level windows will be shaped according to the transparency of the svg and window shapes don't support alpha-blending, if the svg has rounded borders they should have a shape that don't require antialiasing, like the following example. Retrieved from "https://techbase.kde.org/index.php?title=Development/Tutorials/Plasma4/ThemeDetails&oldid=27321" Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.