< Development‎ | Tutorials‎ | Plasma4
Revision as of 18:59, 13 July 2008 by Dipesh (talk | contribs)



This tutorial shows how to create your own Plasma Widget/Applet/Plasmoid using the Ruby scripting language.

See also:

The desktop file

The desktop file is the entry-point to our applet. It does define what the applet is for and how it should be loaded and handled by plasma.

For our webbrowser applet we use the plasma-ruby-applet-web.desktop desktop file which looks like;

[Desktop Entry] Name=Ruby Web Browser Icon=internet-web-browser

Type=Service ServiceTypes=Plasma/Applet

X-KDE-Library=krubypluginfactory X-KDE-PluginKeyword=plasma_ruby_web_applet/web_applet.rb X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name=plasma-ruby-web-applet

X-KDE-PluginInfo-Version=pre0.1 X-KDE-PluginInfo-Category=Web X-KDE-PluginInfo-Depends=QtRuby X-KDE-PluginInfo-License=GPL X-KDE-PluginInfo-EnabledByDefault=true

The important parts within those desktop service file are the referenced X-KDE-Library which will be loaded on request and is responsible for executing our with X-KDE-PluginKeyword defined Ruby scrip file. Our applet will be known by Plasma under the unique name "plasma-ruby-web-applet".

The Ruby Script

It follows the Ruby scripting code which does implement the whole functionality to display a webbrowser within the applet and to browse around using the displayed links.


  1. import the plasma-applet functionality which we need to
  2. implement our own webbrowser applet.

require 'plasma_applet'

  1. We define an own module

module PlasmaRubyWebApplet

 # The WebApplet class does implement the Plasma::Applet.
 class WebApplet < Plasma::Applet
   # The both slots used by our applet.
   slots 'load(QUrl)',
   # Constructor for our WebApplet class.
   def initialize(parent, args)
   # On initialization this method will be called by plasma. Here we
   # are able to do expensive initialization work to show something
   # within our applet.
   def init
     # Let's start with a nice default size.
     resize(600, 400)
     # Create the Browser widget which will display the content
     # of webpages.
     @page = Plasma::WebContent.new(self)
     @page.page = Qt::WebPage.new(@page)
     @page.page.linkDelegationPolicy = Qt::WebPage::DelegateAllLinks
       Qt::WebSettings::LinksIncludedInFocusChain, true)
     # Connect signals the webbrowser provides with own functions.
     connect(@page, SIGNAL('loadFinished(bool)'),
             self, SLOT('loadFinished(bool)'))
     connect(@page.page, SIGNAL('linkClicked(QUrl)'),
             self, SLOT('load(QUrl)'))
     # Start browsing some webpage
     @page.url = Qt::Url.new("http://dot.kde.org/")
   # This method will be called once the user clicks on a link.
   # We just load the defined URL-address and let the
   # webbrowser-page display the content.
   def load(url)
     puts "Loading #{url.toString}"
     @page.url = url
   # This method will be called once loading a page finished.
   def loadFinished(success)
     puts "page loaded #{@page.page.currentFrame.url.toString}"
   # This method will be called each time a constraint changed. the
   # for us most interesting constraints are;
   # * LocationConstraint if the location of the applet changed
   # * ScreenConstraint if the screen on which the applet is located
   #   on changed
   # * SizeConstraint if the size of the applet changed
   # * ImmutableConstraint if the applet got locked/unlocked
   def constraintsEvent(constraints)
     if constraints.to_i & Plasma::SizeConstraint.to_i


That was already all the code needed to implement our own webbrowser Applet using the Ruby language. The in this sample used browser does provide for sure much more functionality.

Install and test the Applet

To install the Applet the CMakeLists.txt is used. It basically does copy the both files above to the right locations. Translated to command-line arguments it would look like;

sudo cp plasma-ruby-applet-web.desktop `kde4-config --install services` sudo mkdir `kde4-config --install data`/plasma_ruby_web_applet/ sudo cp web_applet.rb `kde4-config --install data`/plasma_ruby_web_applet/

what installs the both files to the global installation directory to make hem available for all users on your sysem. If you like to have them accessible only from within one user, then just copy those both files to the users $KDEHOME (the command "kde4-config --localprefix" should provide you a hint where that may be).

To take a look at your applet or test it during development, you can;

kbuildsycoca4 plasmoidviewer plasma-ruby-web-applet

where the kbuildsycoca4 does rebuild the desktop-cache to update changes done to the desktop file. The plasmoidviewer is a tool that allows you to start and view your applet outside of plasma.

This page was last edited on 31 May 2019, at 14:10. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.