Development/Tutorials/KAuth/KCM HowTo

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Development/Tutorials/KAuth/KAuth Actions

Creating a KCM requiring authorization upon saving
Tutorial Series   KAuth Tutorial
Previous   How to use KAuth Actions, Creating a KAuth helper, Basic knowledge in creating a KCModule
What's Next  
Further Reading   KCModule Class Reference


A very common use case for KAuth helper are KCModules, which sometimes need to obtain high privileges upon saving. For this reason, KAuth has been integrated into KCModule API and kcmshell's appearance, to grant developers an extremely easy way to deploy privileged KCMs, and at the same time a very consistent and usable interface to your users.

Creating a KCModule with KAuth

The coding part is extremely easy, although this comes at the price of following some strict conventions, which also help KCM permission handling to stay consistent.

Creating the save action

The action name has to follow this format:


Where <modulename> is the output of aboutData()->appName(), also known as the very first parameter you supply to KAboutData constructor.

Following this format is compulsory to make the KCM work.

Adding the needed code in your KCModule's constructor

In your KCModule's constructor, supposing you created the action as described above, you have to do the following:


This function automatically does the following:

*Creates the needed action
*Crafts the ''Apply'' and ''Ok'' buttons (if any) into KPushButtons integrated with the action
*Adds some visual elements to the KCM to notify the user about the status of the action (for example, if he needs to authenticate or if he's not authorized at all).

So everything is done for you. The only requirement is that ''setNeedsAuthorization'' should be called '''after''' ''setAboutData'' and ''setButtons'', otherwise it will fail.

===Adding the needed code to the save() function===
To save your module, here's what needs to be done in the ''save()'' function of your KCM:

<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp">
void MyKCM::save()
  QVariantMap helperargs;
  // Populate....

  Action *action = authAction();

  ActionReply reply = action->execute();

  if (reply.failed())
    if (reply.type() == ActionReply::KAuthError) {
          // There has been an internal KAuth error
          KMessageBox::error(this, i18n("Unable to authenticate/execute the action: %1, %2", reply.errorCode(), reply.errorDescription()));
    } else {
           // Our helper triggered a custom error
           // Act accordingly...

The only difference you'll find with what you [[Development/Tutorials/KAuth/KAuth_Actions|are used to do when executing KAuth Actions]] is the ''authAction()'' method. This method belongs to KCModule's API and returns the action internally created by ''setNeedsAuthorization(true)'', or 0 if no action was created.

This action is already associated to the correct helper (see below) and ready to be executed: you just have to supply any additional arguments to it.

===Creating the helper===
You should already [[Development/Tutorials/KAuth/Helper_HowTo|know how to create a KAuth helper]], so this part won't be covered here. There are, however, some strict requirements to the helper format, just like for the action name.

*The helper id must be '''org.kde.kcontrol.<modulename>''', just like in the action
*The helper '''must''' implement the ''save'' action, but can also implement any other actions (for example, some KCMs require privileges when loading as well: you still can do it in the same helper)

===CMake and additional macros===
No additional macros are needed, except the [[Development/Tutorials/KAuth/Helper_HowTo|ones already shown to build the helper]].

As you have seen, there are almost no differences with a KCM not requiring high privileges, especially when deploying and building the module.

Porting a module requiring high privileges to KAuth is extremely easy and strongly advised, both for security and consistency, since your user will be provided with a better and more integrated overall experience.

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