Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Decibel/Handling TextChannels"

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Since this is a console application, we set up a <tt>QCoreApplication</tt> first.
Then we create an instance of the <tt>MyTextChannelHandler</tt> (which is our implementation of the <tt>Decibel::ChannelHandler</tt> interface).
Before registering any of the DBus interfaces for our app, it is necessary to call <tt>Decibe::registerTypes()</tt> to set up the types used by Decibel.
Next we register our application as a DBus service, and a <tt>TextChannelHandler</tt> so that decibel can communicate with it and can pass incoming TextChannels to it.
Finally, we start the application event-loop.
==The .component File==
==The .component File==

Revision as of 06:24, 13 March 2008

Handling TextChannels
Tutorial Series   Decibel Tutorial
Previous   C++, Qt
What's Next  
Further Reading   CMake


This tutorial will walk you through the process of creating a simple application that uses Decibel's TextChannels to communicate via arbitrary instant messaging networks using telepathy. From the result of this tutorial, only a few more lines of code are needed to produce a functioning text based instant messaging client.

This tutorial is based on the simpleclient demo included with Decibel. An explanation of using the simpleclient demo can be found here.

In this tutorial, we only pick out the important parts of the source code to discuss. The complete working source code for this example can be found here in KDE's SVN Repository.

ChannelHandler class

The first class we will need to create is an implementation of the Decibel::ChannelHandler interface.

The Class Definition

Here is the class definition for our implementation of the Decibel::ChannelHandler interface. It is explained below.

class MyTextChannelHandler : public Decibel::ChannelHandler {



   explicit MyTextChannelHandler(QObject * parent = 0);
   bool handleChannel(QtTapioca::Connection *, QtTapioca::Channel *, const bool);

public slots:

   void onMessageReceived();
   void onCloseChannel();


   QtTapioca::Connection *  m_connection;
   QtTapioca::TextChannel * m_channel;


We must inherit from Decibel::ChannelHandler which is the interface definition for handling incoming Channels. We reimplement the constructor, Destructor and the handleChannel() method as well as adding two slots of our own. We also create the member variables m_connecion and m_channel which will hold the QtTapioca::Connection and QtTapioca::Channel objects that are received by the handleChannel method.

The Class Implementation

Now that we have defined our Decibel::ChannelHandler subclass, we need to implement its methods.


MyTextChannelHandler::MyTextChannelHandler(QObject * parent) :


{ } The constructor is very simple. We just pass the parent object on to the parent class and initialise our member variables to 0.


MyTextChannelHandler::~MyTextChannelHandler() { } The destructor is even simpler. We don't need to do anything in it because Qt will handle the deletion of child objects automatically.


bool MyTextChannelHandler::handleChannel(QtTapioca::Connection * connection,

                                        QtTapioca::Channel * channel,
                                        const bool)


   Q_ASSERT(connection != 0);
   Q_ASSERT(channel != 0);
   if (m_connection != 0) { return false; }
   m_channel = dynamic_cast<QtTapioca::TextChannel*>(channel);
   if (m_channel == 0)
       return false;
   m_connection = connection;
   connect(m_channel, SIGNAL(messageReceived(const QtTapioca::TextChannel *, const QtTapioca::TextChannel::Message &)),
           this, SLOT(onMessageReceived()));
   connect(m_channel, SIGNAL(closed()), this, SLOT(onCloseChannel()));
   return true;

} This method is reimplemented from the Decibel::ChannelHandler interface. It is called when ever a new incoming communication channel (QtTapioca::Channel) comes into existence. In this method, we must decide whether to accept the incoming channel, and if so, to deal with it appropriately.

First we check the incoming channel and connection objects are not invalid (=0) and we fail if this is the case. In a proper application, these error cases should be handled more gracefully, but for the purpose of this demo, we will just use Q_ASSERT() to handle them.

Next we check if the m_connection member variable is set to 0. If it is not, then we are already handling a channel. This demo can only handle one channel at a time, so we return false to reject the new incoming channel.

There are multiple types of channel we could possible receive. In this demo we are only interested in the TextChannel type. So the next step is to try and cast it to a QtTapioca::TextChannel object. We then evaluate if this cast was successful (not = 0) and if it was not, we again return false to reject the channel. If the cast is successful, we assign the QtTapioca::TextChannel object to the member variable m_channel to store it.

Now that we are sure the incoming channel is one we want to handle, we assign the incoming connection object to a member variable m_connection as well.

We are also ready to connect the channel's signals to the slots in our class. We connect the channel's messageReceived() signal to our onMessageReceived() slot, and the channel's closed() signal to our onCloseChannel() slot.

Finally, we call the onMessageReceived() slot to process any messages that have already arrived on the channel, before returning true to tell Decibel that we have accepted the channel and are handling it.


void MyTextChannelHandler::onCloseChannel() {

   m_connection = 0;
   m_channel = 0;

} This slot is called when the current TextChannel is closed. It resets the m_connection and m_channel member variables to 0 so that the handleChannel() method will accept the next incoming channel.


void MyTextChannelHandler::onMessageReceived() {

   QList<QtTapioca::TextChannel::Message> message_list = m_channel->pendingMessages();
   for (QList<QtTapioca::TextChannel::Message>::const_iterator
            message = message_list.constBegin();
        message != message_list.constEnd(); ++message)
       if (message->type() == QtTapioca::TextChannel::Message::Normal &&
           message->contents() == QString("ping?"))
       { m_channel->sendMessage(QString("pong!")); }

} This slot is called when a new message is received on the channel we are currently handling. It is where the processing of the message takes place.

The first thing we do is to call the pendingMessages() method of the channel to receive *all* the unprocessed received messages on that channel.

Next we iterate over the list of these messages. For each message in the list, we check that it is a message of type Normal, as oposed to another type like Avatar or Emoticon which we are not interested in for this tutorial.

If it is a normal type of message, we check its contents, and if they are the string ping?, we reply with the string pong!.

We then call the acknowledge() method on the channel to confirm to the sender that we received the message.

The main() function

int main(int argc, char ** argv) {

   QCoreApplication app(argc, argv);
   MyTextChannelHandler thandler(&app);
   QDBusConnection::sessionBus().registerService(Decibel::organisation_name + '.' + "SimpleClient");
   QDBusConnection::sessionBus().registerObject("/TextChannelHandler", thandler);
   return app.exec();

} Since this is a console application, we set up a QCoreApplication first.

Then we create an instance of the MyTextChannelHandler (which is our implementation of the Decibel::ChannelHandler interface).

Before registering any of the DBus interfaces for our app, it is necessary to call Decibe::registerTypes() to set up the types used by Decibel.

Next we register our application as a DBus service, and a TextChannelHandler so that decibel can communicate with it and can pass incoming TextChannels to it.

Finally, we start the application event-loop.

The .component File

[Component] Name=Simpleclient Protocols= Types=0 Targets= Service%20Name=org.kde.SimpleClient Object%20Path=/TextChannelHandler

The .service File

[D-BUS Service] Name=org.kde.SimpleClient Exec=@DEMO_INSTALL_DIR@/decibel_simpleclient_demo



SET(SERVICE_FILE "org.kde.SimpleClient.service")







  1. ######### simpleclient demo #########







QT4_WRAP_CPP(simpleclient_MOC_SRCS ${simpleclient_MOC_HDRS})

ADD_EXECUTABLE(decibel_simpleclient_demo ${simpleclient_SRCS}


) TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES(decibel_simpleclient_demo





) INSTALL(FILES org.kde.SimpleClient.TextChannel.component



Running our Application


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