Difference between revisions of "Archive:Development/Tutorials/KCmdLineArgs (zh CN)"

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m (Text replace - "<code cppqt>" to "<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">")
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这里我们就加了个<tt>openFile</tt>,它接受一个<tt>QString</tt>作为参数。
 
这里我们就加了个<tt>openFile</tt>,它接受一个<tt>QString</tt>作为参数。
<code cppqt>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">
 
void openFile(const QString &inputFileName);
 
void openFile(const QString &inputFileName);
 
</code>
 
</code>

Revision as of 20:29, 29 June 2011


Development/Tutorials/KCmdLineArgs


Template:TutorialBrowser (zh CN)

摘要

我们要有一个文字编辑器,可以用来加载保存文件。我们要让这个编辑器象应用程序一样,用命令行参数来打开文件,甚至在Dolphin里用"以...打开"的方式来打开文件。

Introtokdetutorial5.png

代码

main.cpp

  1. include <KApplication>
  2. include <KAboutData>
  3. include <KCmdLineArgs>
  4. include <KUrl> //新加
  1. include "mainwindow.h"

int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {

 KAboutData aboutData( "tutorial5", "tutorial5",
     ki18n("Tutorial 5"), "1.0",
     ki18n("A simple text area which can load and save."),
     KAboutData::License_GPL,
     ki18n("Copyright (c) 2007 Developer") );
 KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
 KCmdLineOptions options; //新加
 options.add("+[file]", ki18n("Document to open")); //新加
 KCmdLineArgs::addCmdLineOptions(options); //新加
 KApplication app;

 MainWindow* window = new MainWindow();
 window->show();
 KCmdLineArgs *args = KCmdLineArgs::parsedArgs(); //新加
 if(args->count()) //新加
 {
   window->openFile(args->url(0).url()); //新加
 }
 return app.exec();

}

mainwindow.h

  1. ifndef MAINWINDOW_H
  2. define MAINWINDOW_H
  1. include <KXmlGuiWindow>
  2. include <KTextEdit>

class MainWindow : public KXmlGuiWindow {

 Q_OBJECT
 
 public:
   MainWindow(QWidget *parent=0);
   void openFile(const QString &inputFileName); //新加
 
 private:
   KTextEdit* textArea;
   void setupActions();
   QString fileName;

 private slots:
   void newFile();
   void openFile();
   void saveFile();
   void saveFileAs();
   void saveFileAs(const QString &outputFileName);

};

  1. endif

mainwindow.cpp

  1. include "mainwindow.h"
  1. include <KApplication>
  2. include <KAction>
  3. include <KLocale>
  4. include <KActionCollection>
  5. include <KStandardAction>
  6. include <KFileDialog>
  7. include <KMessageBox>
  8. include <KIO/NetAccess>
  9. include <KSaveFile>
  10. include <QTextStream>

MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent)

   : KXmlGuiWindow(parent),
     fileName(QString())

{

 textArea = new KTextEdit;
 setCentralWidget(textArea);

 setupActions();

}

void MainWindow::setupActions() {

 KAction* clearAction = new KAction(this);
 clearAction->setText(i18n("Clear"));
 clearAction->setIcon(KIcon("document-new"));
 clearAction->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_W);
 actionCollection()->addAction("clear", clearAction);
 connect(clearAction, SIGNAL(triggered(bool)),
         textArea, SLOT(clear()));

 KStandardAction::quit(kapp, SLOT(quit()),
                       actionCollection());

 KStandardAction::open(this, SLOT(openFile()),
                       actionCollection());

 KStandardAction::save(this, SLOT(saveFile()),
                       actionCollection());

 KStandardAction::saveAs(this, SLOT(saveFileAs()),
                       actionCollection());

 KStandardAction::openNew(this, SLOT(newFile()),
                       actionCollection());

 setupGUI();

}

void MainWindow::newFile() {

 fileName.clear();
 textArea->clear();

}

void MainWindow::saveFileAs(const QString &outputFileName) {

 KSaveFile file(outputFileName);
 file.open();
 
 QByteArray outputByteArray;
 outputByteArray.append(textArea->toPlainText());
 file.write(outputByteArray);
 file.finalize();
 file.close();
 
 fileName = outputFileName;

}

void MainWindow::saveFileAs() {

 saveFileAs(KFileDialog::getSaveFileName());

}

void MainWindow::saveFile() {

 if(!fileName.isEmpty())
 {
   saveFileAs(fileName);
 }
 else
 {
   saveFileAs();
 }

}

void MainWindow::openFile() //变更 {

 openFile(KFileDialog::getOpenFileName());

}

void MainWindow::openFile(const QString &inputFileName) //新加 {

 QString tmpFile;
 if(KIO::NetAccess::download(inputFileName, tmpFile, 
        this))
 {
   QFile file(tmpFile);
   file.open(QIODevice::ReadOnly);
   textArea->setPlainText(QTextStream(&file).readAll());
   fileName = inputFileName;

   KIO::NetAccess::removeTempFile(tmpFile);
 }
 else
 {
   KMessageBox::error(this, 
       KIO::NetAccess::lastErrorString());
 }

}

tutorial5ui.rc

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <gui name="tutorial5"

    version="1"
    xmlns="http://www.kde.org/standards/kxmlgui/1.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.kde.org/standards/kxmlgui/1.0
                        http://www.kde.org/standards/kxmlgui/1.0/kxmlgui.xsd" >
 <MenuBar>
   <Menu name="file" >
     <Action name="clear" />
   </Menu>
 </MenuBar>
 <ToolBar name="mainToolBar" >
   <text>Main Toolbar</text>
   <Action name="clear" />
 </ToolBar>

</gui> 这和教程x的ui.rc一样,唯一改掉的就是从教程x现在变成了教程五.

注解

mainwindow.h

这里我们就加了个openFile,它接受一个QString作为参数。 <syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt"> void openFile(const QString &inputFileName);

mainwindow.cpp

没有什么新东西,重新整理一下而已。所有void openFile()里的东西都被移到了void openFile(const QString &inputFileName)里,除了KFileDialog::getOpenFileName()的调用。

这样,如果我们要一个对话框就调用openFile(),如果指导文件名,调用openFile(QString)就可以了。

main.cpp

这里就是KCmdLineArgs产生神奇效应的地方。

构建,安装,运行

CMakeLists.txt

project(tutorial5)

find_package(KDE4 REQUIRED) include_directories( ${KDE4_INCLUDES} )

set(tutorial5_SRCS

 main.cpp
 mainwindow.cpp

)

kde4_add_executable(tutorial5 ${tutorial5_SRCS})

target_link_libraries(tutorial5 ${KDE4_KDEUI_LIBS}

                               ${KDE4_KIO_LIBS})

install(TARGETS tutorial5 DESTINATION ${BIN_INSTALL_DIR}) install( FILES tutorial5ui.rc

        DESTINATION  ${DATA_INSTALL_DIR}/tutorial5 )

有了这个文件,这个教程就可以象教程三教程四里的一样运行了。更多信息,详见教程三。

mkdir build && cd build
cmake .. -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$HOME
make install
$HOME/bin/tutorial5

继续

现在你可以继续了 ### (TODO User:milliams)。


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