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We have seen in the previous tutorials how basic geometry can be painted using the GeoPainter, now let's see how we can make it hold information too!
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In this tutorial we'll show how you can create a nice shiny '''placemark''' with an ''icon'' and associated '''geometries''' (such as ''LineStrings, LinearRings, Polygons or MultiGeometries''). We also cover basic '''styling''' of placemarks and geometries.
  
 
[https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#placemark GeoDataPlacemark] is a class which implements the features of [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#placemark KML's Placemark]. Basically, it represents an interest point (a simple point or a more complex geometry) on the map, with some information attached.  
 
[https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#placemark GeoDataPlacemark] is a class which implements the features of [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#placemark KML's Placemark]. Basically, it represents an interest point (a simple point or a more complex geometry) on the map, with some information attached.  
  
In order to add a GeoDataPlacemark to our widget, we will use the [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#document GeoDataDocument] class, which is a container for [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#feature features] (including placemarks) and [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#feature styles]. To make the Document visible, we need to add it to Marble's TreeModel, as shown in the example below:  
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In order to add a GeoDataPlacemark to our widget, we will use the [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#document GeoDataDocument] class, which is a container for [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#feature features] (including placemarks) and [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#feature styles]. To make the Document visible, we need to add it to Marble's TreeModel, as shown in the first example below:  
  
  
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As we said earlier in this tutorial, it is possible to add more complex geometry to a placemark, meaning objects belonging to [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#geometry GeoDataGeometry] or to one of the classes which inherit it.  
 
As we said earlier in this tutorial, it is possible to add more complex geometry to a placemark, meaning objects belonging to [https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#geometry GeoDataGeometry] or to one of the classes which inherit it.  
  
[https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#style Styles] are another important property of placemarks, used in order to customize the appearance of the placemark on the map.  
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[https://developers.google.com/kml/documentation/kmlreference#style Styles] are another important property of placemarks. They are used in order to customize the appearance of the placemark on the map (e.g. by adding an icon). Geometries such as LineStrings, LinearRings or Polygons can be styled as well: You can change properties such as the pen color, the brush color and the line width.
  
 
The next example shows how more complex geometry and styles can be added, by creating Bucharest's city boundary, and by adding an interest point (touristic objective) with a photo replacing the regular  placemark icon. (in order for the example to work properly you will need to download the [http://techbase.kde.org/File:Bucharest_small.jpg icon] and place it in the same folder as the source code)
 
The next example shows how more complex geometry and styles can be added, by creating Bucharest's city boundary, and by adding an interest point (touristic objective) with a photo replacing the regular  placemark icon. (in order for the example to work properly you will need to download the [http://techbase.kde.org/File:Bucharest_small.jpg icon] and place it in the same folder as the source code)

Revision as of 08:37, 20 July 2012

Search
Tutorial Series   Marble C++ Tutorial
Previous   Tutorial 11 - Using the GeoPainter in order to paint GeoDataLineString objects
What's Next   Tutorial 13 - Yet missing
Further Reading   n/a


In this tutorial we'll show how you can create a nice shiny placemark with an icon and associated geometries (such as LineStrings, LinearRings, Polygons or MultiGeometries). We also cover basic styling of placemarks and geometries.

GeoDataPlacemark is a class which implements the features of KML's Placemark. Basically, it represents an interest point (a simple point or a more complex geometry) on the map, with some information attached.

In order to add a GeoDataPlacemark to our widget, we will use the GeoDataDocument class, which is a container for features (including placemarks) and styles. To make the Document visible, we need to add it to Marble's TreeModel, as shown in the first example below:


#include <QtGui/QApplication>
#include <QtGui/QTreeView>
#include <QtCore/QDataStream>
#include <QtCore/QFile>
#include <QtCore/QIODevice>
 
#include <marble/MarbleWidget.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataDocument.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataPlacemark.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataLineString.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataTreeModel.h>
#include <marble/MarbleModel.h>
 
#include <cstdio>
 
using namespace Marble;
 
 
int main(int argc, char** argv) {
 
	QApplication app(argc,argv);
 
	// Create a Marble QWidget without a parent
	MarbleWidget *mapWidget = new MarbleWidget();
 
	// Load the OpenStreetMap map
	mapWidget->setMapThemeId("earth/plain/plain.dgml");		 
 
	GeoDataPlacemark *place = new GeoDataPlacemark( "Bucharest" );
	place->setCoordinate( 25.97, 44.43, 0.0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree );
	place->setPopulation( 1877155 );
	place->setCountryCode ( "Romania" );
 
 
	GeoDataDocument *document = new GeoDataDocument;
	document->append( place );
 
	// Add the document to MarbleWidget's tree model
	mapWidget->model()->treeModel()->addDocument( document );
 
	mapWidget->show();
 
	return app.exec();
}

Copy and paste the code above into a text editor. Then save it as my_marble.cpp and compile it by entering the following command on the command line:

 g++ -I /usr/include/qt4/ -o my_marble my_marble.cpp -lmarblewidget -lQtGui -lQtCore

If things go fine, execute ./my_marble and you are going to see the placemark of our newly created Bucharest point.

PlacemarkTask bis.png

The data we have set for our city (Population and Country) also appear, when clicking on the placemark.

PlacemarkTask2.png

As we said earlier in this tutorial, it is possible to add more complex geometry to a placemark, meaning objects belonging to GeoDataGeometry or to one of the classes which inherit it.

Styles are another important property of placemarks. They are used in order to customize the appearance of the placemark on the map (e.g. by adding an icon). Geometries such as LineStrings, LinearRings or Polygons can be styled as well: You can change properties such as the pen color, the brush color and the line width.

The next example shows how more complex geometry and styles can be added, by creating Bucharest's city boundary, and by adding an interest point (touristic objective) with a photo replacing the regular placemark icon. (in order for the example to work properly you will need to download the icon and place it in the same folder as the source code)

#include <QtGui/QApplication>
#include <QtGui/QTreeView>
 
#include <marble/MarbleWidget.h>
#include <marble/MarbleModel.h>
 
#include <marble/GeoDataDocument.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataCoordinates.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataPlacemark.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataLineString.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataLinearRing.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataTreeModel.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataStyle.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataIconStyle.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataLineStyle.h>
#include <marble/GeoDataPolyStyle.h>
 
#include <cstdio>
 
using namespace Marble;
 
void addPoints( GeoDataLinearRing &linearRing ) {
 
	linearRing << GeoDataCoordinates(25.97226722704463, 44.43497647488007, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.04711276456992, 44.4420741223712, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(25.99712510557899, 44.48015825036597, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.11268978668501, 44.53902366720936, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.12777496065434, 44.48972441010599, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.17769825773425, 44.47685689461117, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.16489863910029, 44.45366647920105, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.23394105442375, 44.43247765101769, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.23388161223319, 44.40720014793351, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.18689640043445, 44.40683215952335, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(26.1462530009004, 44.36252655873379, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree )
					<< GeoDataCoordinates(25.97226722704463, 44.43497647488007, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree );
 
}
 
void createStyleBucharest( GeoDataStyle &style ) {
	GeoDataLineStyle lineStyle( QColor( 255, 0, 0, 90 ) );
	lineStyle.setWidth ( 8 );
 
	GeoDataPolyStyle polyStyle( QColor( 255, 0, 0, 40 ) );
	polyStyle.setFill( true );
 
	style.setLineStyle( lineStyle );
	style.setPolyStyle( polyStyle );
}
 
void createStyleArch( GeoDataStyle &style ) {
	GeoDataIconStyle iconStyle;
	iconStyle.setIconPath( "bucharest_small.jpg" );
	style.setIconStyle( iconStyle );
}
 
int main(int argc, char** argv) {
 
	QApplication app(argc,argv);
 
	// Create a Marble QWidget without a parent
	MarbleWidget *mapWidget = new MarbleWidget();
 
	// Load the OpenStreetMap map
	mapWidget->setMapThemeId("earth/openstreetmap/openstreetmap.dgml");		 
 
	//Create the Linear Ring (polygon) representing Bucharest's boundaries and include it in a placemark
	GeoDataLinearRing Bucharest;
	addPoints( Bucharest );
 
	GeoDataPlacemark placemarkBucharest;
	placemarkBucharest.setGeometry( &Bucharest );
 
	//Create the placemark representing the Arch of Triumph
	GeoDataPlacemark placemarkArch( "Arch of Triumph" );
	placemarkArch.setCoordinate( 26.0783, 44.4671, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree );
 
 
	//Add styles (icons, colors, etc.) to the two placemarks
	GeoDataStyle styleBucharest, styleArch;
 
	createStyleBucharest( styleBucharest );
	placemarkBucharest.setStyle( &styleBucharest );
 
	createStyleArch ( styleArch );
	placemarkArch.setStyle( &styleArch );
 
 
	//Create the document and add the two placemarks (the point representing the Arch of Triumph and the polygon with Bucharest's boundaries)
	GeoDataDocument *document = new GeoDataDocument;
	document->append( &placemarkBucharest );
	document->append( &placemarkArch );
 
	// Add the document to MarbleWidget's tree model
	mapWidget->model()->treeModel()->addDocument( document );
 
        // Center the map on Bucharest and set the zoom 
	mapWidget->centerOn( GeoDataCoordinates( 26.0783, 44.4671, 0, GeoDataCoordinates::Degree ) );
	mapWidget->zoomView( 2400 );
 
 
	mapWidget->show();
 
	return app.exec();
}

This is the expected outcome after compiling, running and zooming into Bucharest:

Bucharest.png


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