Archive:Getting Started/Sources/Anonymous SVN (zh CN)

Revision as of 06:46, 2 May 2008 by Fortruth (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Template:I18n/Language Navigation Bar (zh CN)

从匿名SVN仓库获取KDE源代码
Tutorial Series   设置KDE开发环境
Previous   None
What's Next   构建KDE4
Further Reading   使用Subversion进行版本控制

Contents

摘要

For those of us that like to stay on the "bleeding edge" there's an easy way to keep a local copy of the KDE sources up-to-date - anonymous SVN.

Please note that several Linux distributions now already provide KDE SVN packages, so building Qt and KDE from source may well not be necessary for you at all! See Getting_Started/Distribution_Packages for instructions and information.

匿名SVN仓库

设置Subversion

First, install the subversion (svn) binary if it isn't already on your computer. Your operating system should have a package for it. Alternatively you can download and compile it yourself via the svn project download page. Please read the KDE Subversion tutorial if you are interested in how to use Subversion.

检出KDE代码

/trunk/ is where the Qt4-based KDE 4 is being developed. The following is the minimal set of modules you will need to check out to build KDE and KDE software:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
Ktip.png
 
Tip
Only use "svn co" for the initial checkout, you will update your local sources afterwards by using "svn up modulename" or "svn update modulename".


Ktip.png
 
Tip
If your firewall doesn't allow access to arbitrary ports, substitute svn://anonsvn.kde.org/ with svn://websvn.kde.org:443/ above.


qt-copy is a copy of the latest stable Qt release which works with KDE, put into SVN for convenience. It also contains patches by KDE developers that haven't found their way to Qt yet. They are recommended for those working with KDE from trunk. You can obtain qt-copy by doing:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/qt-copy

If you wish to have a complete copy of the KDE distribution, you can simply check out the entire source tree with one command:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE
noframe
 
Note
It is smarter to first use The KDE Source Repository Web Viewer. Use it to choose which modules to download. This way KDE will be quicker to install and try out.

If you want additional software packages you can check out the following modules within trunk/ as well:

koffice
extragear
playground
kdereview

So, for example, if you want to check out koffice trunk, you can use

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/koffice

使用快照检出主干代码

If you are checking out modules from trunk/ you may be able to save time by using snapshots. Using Subversion trunk snapshots is described at the Subversion snapshots tutorial page.

检出KDE3代码

If you want to track KDE 3 rather than the bleeding edge, you may retrieve the KDE 3.5 sources using:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/arts/1.5/arts
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/KDE/3.5/

And if you want the matching qt-copy:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/qt/3.3/qt-copy

检出特定版本代码

KDE modules are also tagged at each release so that it is possible to get a specific release of KDE. Most KDE modules have a tag name in the format tags/KDE/X.Y.Z (where X, Y and Z represent the exact version). The arts module (only needed for KDE 2 and KDE 3) has a different format of tag name, tags/arts/X.Y.Z. For instance to get kdelibs as it was shipped in KDE 3.5.0, do:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.0/kdelibs/

If you then want to update this checkout to KDE 3.5.5, use this command:

svn switch svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.5/kdelibs
Ktip.png
 
Tip
If you used a /branch/ or /trunk/ path, then there is no need to switch, just run svn update.


Ktip.png
 
Tip
WebSVN is a convenient way to check for a tag name.


检出翻译

If you are looking for translations and other localizations, check out the appropriate language from the l10n module.

noframe
 
Warning
The l10n module is extremely large. Be sure you have lots of time and disk space on hand before checking out the entire l10n module. Most people only check out specific language subdirectories rather than the entire l10n module.


You are now ready to start building KDE! Visit this page for instructions on building trunk or this page for instruction on compiling the last stable release.

兴趣知识

  • anonsvn.kde.org is located in Tuebingen, Germany, maintained by Dirk Mueller However, a more local mirror could be faster for you than anonsvn.kde.org itself. Current mirrors are, sorted by performance:
    • kde.mneisen.org is located near Nuernberg, Germany, maintained by Martin Eisenhardt
    • www.englishbreakfastnetwork.org also hosts an anonymous SVN mirror, at the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands. Maintained by Adriaan de Groot
    • svn://azkaban.caltech.edu is located near Los Angeles, USA and is maintained by Eugeniu Plamadeala. It has the same folder hierarchy as anonsvn.kde.org.
Be careful when switching between mirrors. SVN remembers the server in the working copy, so to switch you have to run
svn switch --relocate svn://anonsvn.kde.org/ svn://kde.mneisen.org/
in all your checkouts.

If you're interested in setting up a svn mirror, please contact Dirk Mueller.


KDE® and the K Desktop Environment® logo are registered trademarks of KDE e.V.Legal