Difference between revisions of "Getting Started/Sources/Anonymous SVN (it)"

Jump to: navigation, search
("Inizio Checkout KDE")
(Tre "Tips")
Line 32: Line 32:
 
  svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
 
  svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
  
{{tip|Only use "'''svn co'''" for the initial checkout, you will update your local sources afterwards by using "'''svn up''' ''modulename''" or "'''svn update''' ''modulename''".}}
+
{{tip|Usa "'''svn co'''" soltanto per il controllo iniziale, in seguito potrai aggiornare i tuoi sorgenti locali tramite "'''svn up''' ''nome_del_modulo''" o "'''svn update''' ''nome_del_modulo''".}}
  
{{tip|If your firewall doesn't allow access to arbitrary ports, substitute '''svn://anonsvn.kde.org/''' with '''svn://websvn.kde.org:443/''' above.}}
+
{{tip|Se il tuo firewall non permette accessi da porte arbitrarie, sostituisci '''svn://anonsvn.kde.org/''' con '''svn://websvn.kde.org:443/'''.}}
  
{{tip|The kdebase module has an external dependency, using svn:externals. The problem is, at this time, the externals property is set with an absolute path, pointing to anonsvn. For those using behind a firewall, this is a problem. You can change the property for your workspace, using two commands:
+
{{tip|Il modulo kdebase ha una dipendenza esterna: occorre usare svn:externals. Al momento, il problema è che la proprietà esterna è impostata con un percorso assoluto che punta a anonsvn. Per chi si trova dietro un firewall, questo è un problema. Puoi cambiare la proprietà per il tuo spazio personale usando questi due comandi:
 
  cs KDE
 
  cs KDE
 
  svn propset svn:externals "lib svn://websvn.kde.org:443/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase/runtime/kstyles/oxygen/lib" kdebase/workspace/kwin/clients/oxygen  
 
  svn propset svn:externals "lib svn://websvn.kde.org:443/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase/runtime/kstyles/oxygen/lib" kdebase/workspace/kwin/clients/oxygen  
  This way the external property will look for the aditional files in the websvn repository.}}
+
  In questo modo la proprietà esterna controllerà i files addizionali nel repository websvn.}}
  
  

Revision as of 20:24, 1 January 2008


Contents

Getting Started/Sources/Anonymous SVN


noframe
 
Warning
Questa traduzione è incompleta.


Getting KDE Sources Using Anonymous Subversion (SVN)
Tutorial Series   Getting Started
Previous   None
What's Next   Building KDE4
Further Reading   Version Control with Subversion

Introduzione

Per coloro tra di noi a cui piace stare sulla cresta dell'onda, esiste un metodo semplice per mantenere in locale una copia aggiornata di KDE: l'SVN anonimo.

Si premetta che alcune distibuzioni Linux procurano già pacchetti SVN di KDE, quindi compilare QT e KDE dai sorgenti potrebbe non essere affatto necessario per te! Si veda Getting_Started/Distribution_Packages per informazioni e istruzioni.

SVN Anonimo

Configurare SVN

Primo, installare svn da pacchetti binari se questo non è già presente nel tuo sistema (il tuo sistema operativo dovrebbe avere pacchetti precompilati disponibili). Alternativamente, puoi scaricarlo e compilarlo da solo tramite la pagina di download del progetto svn. Leggi il tutorial di Subversion per KDE se ti interessa conoscere Subversion.

Checkout KDE

/trunk/ è la cartella in cui viene sviluppato KDE 4 basato sulle Qt4. Ciò che segue è l'insieme minimo di moduli di cui hai bisogno per compilare KDE e i programmi di KDE:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
Ktip.png
 
Tip
Usa "svn co" soltanto per il controllo iniziale, in seguito potrai aggiornare i tuoi sorgenti locali tramite "svn up nome_del_modulo" o "svn update nome_del_modulo".


Ktip.png
 
Tip
Se il tuo firewall non permette accessi da porte arbitrarie, sostituisci svn://anonsvn.kde.org/ con svn://websvn.kde.org:443/.


Ktip.png
 
Tip
Il modulo kdebase ha una dipendenza esterna: occorre usare svn:externals. Al momento, il problema è che la proprietà esterna è impostata con un percorso assoluto che punta a anonsvn. Per chi si trova dietro un firewall, questo è un problema. Puoi cambiare la proprietà per il tuo spazio personale usando questi due comandi:
cs KDE
svn propset svn:externals "lib svn://websvn.kde.org:443/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase/runtime/kstyles/oxygen/lib" kdebase/workspace/kwin/clients/oxygen 
In questo modo la proprietà esterna controllerà i files addizionali nel repository websvn.


qt-copy is a copy of the latest stable Qt release which works with KDE, put into SVN for convenience. It also contains patches by KDE developers that haven't found their way to Qt yet. They are recommended for those working with KDE from trunk. You can obtain qt-copy by doing:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/qt-copy

If you wish to have a complete copy of the KDE distribution, you can simply check out the entire source tree with one command:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE
noframe
 
Note
It is smarter to first use The KDE Source Repository Web Viewer. Use it to choose which modules to download. This way KDE will be quicker to install and try out.

If you want additional software packages you can check out the following modules within trunk/ as well:

koffice
extragear
playground
kdereview

So, for example, if you want to check out koffice trunk, you can use

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/koffice

Checking out trunk using snapshots

If you are checking out modules from trunk/ you may be able to save time by using snapshots. Using Subversion trunk snapshots is described at the Subversion snapshots tutorial page.

Checking out KDE 3 instead

If you want to track KDE 3 rather than the bleeding edge, you may retrieve the KDE 3.5 sources using:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/arts/1.5/arts
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/KDE/3.5/

And if you want the matching qt-copy:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/branches/qt/3.3/qt-copy

Checking out specific releases

KDE modules are also tagged at each release so that it is possible to get a specific release of KDE. Most KDE modules have a tag name in the format tags/KDE/X.Y.Z (where X, Y and Z represent the exact version). The arts module (only needed for KDE 2 and KDE 3) has a different format of tag name, tags/arts/X.Y.Z. For instance to get kdelibs as it was shipped in KDE 3.5.0, do:

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.0/kdelibs/

If you then want to update this checkout to KDE 3.5.5, use this command:

svn switch svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/tags/KDE/3.5.5/kdelibs
Ktip.png
 
Tip
If you used a /branch/ or /trunk/ path, then there is no need to switch, just run svn update.


Ktip.png
 
Tip
WebSVN is a convenient way to check for a tag name.


Checking out translations

If you are looking for translations and other localizations, check out the appropriate language from the l10n module.

noframe
 
Warning
The l10n module is extremely large. Be sure you have lots of time and disk space on hand before checking out the entire l10n module. Most people only check out specific language subdirectories rather than the entire l10n module.


You are now ready to start building KDE! Visit this page for instructions on building trunk or this page for instruction on compiling the last stable release.

Also of interest

  • anonsvn.kde.org is located in Tuebingen, Germany, maintained by Dirk Mueller However, a more local mirror could be faster for you than anonsvn.kde.org itself. Current mirrors are, sorted by performance:
    • kde.mneisen.org is located near Nuernberg, Germany, maintained by Martin Eisenhardt
    • www.englishbreakfastnetwork.org also hosts an anonymous SVN mirror, at the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands. Maintained by Adriaan de Groot
    • svn://azkaban.caltech.edu is located near Los Angeles, USA and is maintained by Eugeniu Plamadeala. It has the same folder hierarchy as anonsvn.kde.org.
Be careful when switching between mirrors. SVN remembers the server in the working copy, so to switch you have to run
svn switch --relocate svn://anonsvn.kde.org/ svn://kde.mneisen.org/
in all your checkouts.

If you're interested in setting up a svn mirror, please contact Dirk Mueller.


KDE® and the K Desktop Environment® logo are registered trademarks of KDE e.V.Legal