Difference between revisions of "Getting Started/Build/Windows/Cross-Compiling"

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==Basic tools==
 
==Basic tools==
 
===MinGw===
 
===MinGw===
Install mingw for linux, on debian the packages are called mingw32, mingw32-binutils, mingw32-runtime, you need to install mingw32 with gcc/g++ 3 and not 4 since that doesn't work with kdelibs, debian testing/unstable has gcc 4 so i've installed mingw32 package from ubuntu repository
+
Install mingw for linux
 +
 
 +
On debian the packages are called mingw32, mingw32-binutils, mingw32-runtime, you need to install mingw32 with gcc/g++ 3 and not 4 since that doesn't work with kdelibs, debian testing/unstable has gcc 4 so i've installed mingw32 package from ubuntu repository.
 +
 
 +
On gentoo, you need to do the following: "emerge crossdev; crossdev mingw32".
 +
 
 
===Qt4 Kdesupport and dependencies===
 
===Qt4 Kdesupport and dependencies===
 
You can install these dependencies(aspell, boost, dbus, qca etc..) from windows with the kdewin installer or manually download them from [http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=214730 sourceforge mirrors]
 
You can install these dependencies(aspell, boost, dbus, qca etc..) from windows with the kdewin installer or manually download them from [http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=214730 sourceforge mirrors]
Line 14: Line 19:
 
* Create two files Toolchain-mingw32.cmake and mingw32-kdelibs.cmake with this contents and place them somewhere i.e. in your home
 
* Create two files Toolchain-mingw32.cmake and mingw32-kdelibs.cmake with this contents and place them somewhere i.e. in your home
 
====Toolchain-mingw32.cmake====
 
====Toolchain-mingw32.cmake====
<code scheme>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="scheme">
 +
set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
 +
set(KDE4_SRC_DIR  /home/kdeuser/kde/src)
 +
 
 
# the name of the target operating system
 
# the name of the target operating system
 
SET(CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME Windows)
 
SET(CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME Windows)
Line 23: Line 31:
  
 
# here is the target environment located
 
# here is the target environment located
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH  /usr/i586-mingw32msvc /windows/kde4 )
+
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH  /usr/i586-mingw32msvc ${KDE_PREFIX} )
  
 
# adjust the default behaviour of the FIND_XXX() commands:
 
# adjust the default behaviour of the FIND_XXX() commands:
Line 33: Line 41:
  
 
# FindQt4.cmake querys qmake to get information, this doesn't work when crosscompiling
 
# FindQt4.cmake querys qmake to get information, this doesn't work when crosscompiling
set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
+
set(QT_BINARY_DIR  ${KDE4_SRC_DIR}/qt-copy/bin)
set(QT_BINARY_DIR  /home/kdeuser/kde/src/qt-copy/bin)
+
 
set(QT_LIBRARY_DIR  ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib)
 
set(QT_LIBRARY_DIR  ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib)
 
set(QT_QTCORE_LIBRARY  ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib/libQtCore4.a)
 
set(QT_QTCORE_LIBRARY  ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib/libQtCore4.a)
Line 42: Line 49:
 
set(QT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/qmake)
 
set(QT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/qmake)
 
set(QT_UIC_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/uic)
 
set(QT_UIC_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/uic)
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
====mingw32-kdelibs.cmake====
 
====mingw32-kdelibs.cmake====
<code scheme>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="scheme">
 
set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
 
set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
 
set(KDE4_BIN_DIR    /home/kdeuser/kde/bin)
 
set(KDE4_BIN_DIR    /home/kdeuser/kde/bin)
Line 68: Line 75:
 
set(KDE4_AUTOMOC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/kde4automoc CACHE PATH "")
 
set(KDE4_AUTOMOC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/kde4automoc CACHE PATH "")
 
set(KDE4_MEINPROC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/meinproc4 CACHE PATH "")
 
set(KDE4_MEINPROC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/meinproc4 CACHE PATH "")
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
 
<br/>
 
<br/>
 
adjust the values according to your setup
 
adjust the values according to your setup
  
 
==Build kdelibs==
 
==Build kdelibs==
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
 
cd kdelibs
 
cd kdelibs
Line 79: Line 86:
 
cd build
 
cd build
 
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/Toolchain-mingw32.cmake ..
 
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/Toolchain-mingw32.cmake ..
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
 
* you have to make a link to your kde4automoc and kconfig_compiler for linux in the bin directory
 
* you have to make a link to your kde4automoc and kconfig_compiler for linux in the bin directory
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
ln -s /path/to/kde4automoc bin/
 
ln -s /path/to/kde4automoc bin/
 
ln -s /path/to/kconfig_compiler bin/
 
ln -s /path/to/kconfig_compiler bin/
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
 
* since linux is case sensitive you have to make symbolic links for some headers
 
* since linux is case sensitive you have to make symbolic links for some headers
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
cd /windows/kde4/include
 
cd /windows/kde4/include
 
ln -s soprano Soprano
 
ln -s soprano Soprano
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
* You will get an error in klauncher.moc about slotKDEInitData so go into kinit and do something like this(you need wine)
 
* You will get an error in klauncher.moc about slotKDEInitData so go into kinit and do something like this(you need wine)
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
rm *.moc
 
rm *.moc
 
../bin/kde4automoc.exe /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit/klauncher_automoc.cpp /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/kinit /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit /windows/kde4/bin/moc.exe
 
../bin/kde4automoc.exe /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit/klauncher_automoc.cpp /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/kinit /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit /windows/kde4/bin/moc.exe
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
 
and then do make as usual
 
and then do make as usual
  
Line 104: Line 111:
 
==Build kdepimlibs==
 
==Build kdepimlibs==
 
This is easy :)
 
This is easy :)
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdepimlibs
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdepimlibs
 
cd kdepimlibs
 
cd kdepimlibs
Line 112: Line 119:
 
make
 
make
 
make install
 
make install
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
==Build kdebase==
 
==Build kdebase==
 
This is easy :)
 
This is easy :)
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
 
svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
 
cd kdebase
 
cd kdebase
Line 124: Line 131:
 
make
 
make
 
make install
 
make install
</code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
== Icecream ==
 
== Icecream ==
Line 144: Line 151:
 
Then set the following environment variables:
 
Then set the following environment variables:
  
<code bash>
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
export PATH=/path/to/icecc-mingw-bin/bin:$PATH
 
export PATH=/path/to/icecc-mingw-bin/bin:$PATH
 
export ICECC_CC=i586-mingw32msvc-gcc
 
export ICECC_CC=i586-mingw32msvc-gcc
 
export ICECC_CXX=i586-mingw32msvc-g++
 
export ICECC_CXX=i586-mingw32msvc-g++
export ICECC_VERSION=/path/to/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz
+
export ICECC_VERSION=i686:/path/to/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz,x86_64:/path/to/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz
<code>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
(Re-)run cmake and have fun.
 
(Re-)run cmake and have fun.

Revision as of 22:12, 29 June 2011

noframe
 
This section needs improvements: Please help us to

cleanup confusing sections and fix sections which contain a todo


cross compiling is still unstable
Ktip.png
 
Tip
Note: This page is about KDE 4. It isn't applicable for KDE 3 development.

Contents

Basic tools

MinGw

Install mingw for linux

On debian the packages are called mingw32, mingw32-binutils, mingw32-runtime, you need to install mingw32 with gcc/g++ 3 and not 4 since that doesn't work with kdelibs, debian testing/unstable has gcc 4 so i've installed mingw32 package from ubuntu repository.

On gentoo, you need to do the following: "emerge crossdev; crossdev mingw32".

Qt4 Kdesupport and dependencies

You can install these dependencies(aspell, boost, dbus, qca etc..) from windows with the kdewin installer or manually download them from sourceforge mirrors

Qt4 and KDE4 for linux

You also need to have Qt4 and KDE4 already installed on linux, to use moc/uic/kde4automoc etc...

Cmake

To cross compile KDE you need CMake >= 2.5, you can get the last version from CVS

  • Create two files Toolchain-mingw32.cmake and mingw32-kdelibs.cmake with this contents and place them somewhere i.e. in your home

Toolchain-mingw32.cmake

set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
set(KDE4_SRC_DIR  /home/kdeuser/kde/src)
 
# the name of the target operating system
SET(CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME Windows)
 
# which compilers to use for C and C++
SET(CMAKE_C_COMPILER i586-mingw32msvc-gcc)
SET(CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER i586-mingw32msvc-g++)
 
# here is the target environment located
SET(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH  /usr/i586-mingw32msvc ${KDE_PREFIX} )
 
# adjust the default behaviour of the FIND_XXX() commands:
# search headers and libraries in the target environment, search
# programs in the host environment
set(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_PROGRAM NEVER)
set(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_LIBRARY ONLY)
set(CMAKE_FIND_ROOT_PATH_MODE_INCLUDE ONLY)
 
# FindQt4.cmake querys qmake to get information, this doesn't work when crosscompiling
set(QT_BINARY_DIR   ${KDE4_SRC_DIR}/qt-copy/bin)
set(QT_LIBRARY_DIR  ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib)
set(QT_QTCORE_LIBRARY   ${KDE_PREFIX}/lib/libQtCore4.a)
set(QT_QTCORE_INCLUDE_DIR ${KDE_PREFIX}/include/QtCore)
set(QT_MKSPECS_DIR  ${KDE_PREFIX}/mkspecs)
set(QT_MOC_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/moc)
set(QT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/qmake)
set(QT_UIC_EXECUTABLE  ${QT_BINARY_DIR}/uic)

mingw32-kdelibs.cmake

set(KDE_PREFIX    /windows/kde4)
set(KDE4_BIN_DIR    /home/kdeuser/kde/bin)
 
# this one is used by FindKDE4.cmake to load FindKDE4Internal.cmake:
set(KDE4_DATA_DIR    ${KDE_PREFIX}/share/apps CACHE PATH "points to the apps directory of installed kdelibs")
 
# not sure about this one:
set(KDEWIN_DIR ${KDE_PREFIX} CACHE PATH "what is it ?")
 
# disable some things:
set(WITH_AVAHI OFF   CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_DNSSD OFF   CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_ENCHANT OFF CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_FAM OFF     CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_GSSAPI OFF  CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_HSPELL OFF  CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
set(WITH_OpenEXR OFF CACHE BOOL "Disabled")
 
# use the binaries from native KDE4
set(KDE4_KCFGC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/kconfig_compiler CACHE PATH "")
set(KDE4_AUTOMOC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/kde4automoc CACHE PATH "")
set(KDE4_MEINPROC_EXECUTABLE ${KDE4_BIN_DIR}/meinproc4 CACHE PATH "")


adjust the values according to your setup

Build kdelibs

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdelibs
cd kdelibs
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/Toolchain-mingw32.cmake ..
  • you have to make a link to your kde4automoc and kconfig_compiler for linux in the bin directory
ln -s /path/to/kde4automoc bin/
ln -s /path/to/kconfig_compiler bin/
  • since linux is case sensitive you have to make symbolic links for some headers
cd /windows/kde4/include
ln -s soprano Soprano
  • You will get an error in klauncher.moc about slotKDEInitData so go into kinit and do something like this(you need wine)
rm *.moc
../bin/kde4automoc.exe /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit/klauncher_automoc.cpp /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/kinit /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kinit /windows/kde4/bin/moc.exe

and then do make as usual

  • Another error in kdewidgets because wine doesn't find some dll to run makekdewidgets.exe so either run the linux version manually like this
makekdewidgets -o /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/build/kdewidgets/kdewidgets.cpp /home/kdeuser/kde/src/KDE/kdelibs/kdewidgets/kde.widgets

or symlink those missing library in your wine system32 folder(i haven't tested it but it should work)

Build kdepimlibs

This is easy :)

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdepimlibs
cd kdepimlibs
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/Toolchain-mingw32.cmake -C ~/mingw32-kdelibs.cmake  ..
make
make install

Build kdebase

This is easy :)

svn co svn://anonsvn.kde.org/home/kde/trunk/KDE/kdebase
cd kdebase
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/Toolchain-mingw32.cmake -C ~/mingw32-kdelibs.cmake ..
make
make install

Icecream

One of the joys of cross-compiling is the possibility to use an icecream cluster to speed up compilation.

For Debian Etch, you can get an icecream environment from here:

ftp://ftp.kdab.net/pub/gpg4win/devtools/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz

(If you want to create your own environment: icecc-create-env does a good job except that it packages the wrong as. /usr/bin/i586-mingw32msvc-as is needed)

The bin/ dir with symlinks from i586-mingw32msvc-* to /usr/bin/icecc:

ftp://ftp.kdab.net/pub/gpg4win/devtools/icecc-mingw-bin.tar.bz2

Untar icecc-mingw-bin.tar.bz2 to icecc-mingw-bin

Then set the following environment variables:

export PATH=/path/to/icecc-mingw-bin/bin:$PATH
export ICECC_CC=i586-mingw32msvc-gcc
export ICECC_CXX=i586-mingw32msvc-g++
export ICECC_VERSION=i686:/path/to/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz,x86_64:/path/to/debian-etch-mingw32-icecream-env.tar.gz

(Re-)run cmake and have fun.


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