Разработка/Руководства/Введение в Qt4 на Ruby/Глава 10

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Гладкий как шёлк
Серия примеров   Введение в программирование на Qt®4 на языке Ruby
Необходимо знать   Пример 9: Пушка детям не игрушка
Следующий пример   Пример 11: Пробный выстрел
Литература   нет

Contents

Гладкий как шёлк

Qt4 Ruby Tutorial Screenshot 10.png

Файлы:

Обзор

In this example, we add a force control.

Построчный обзор программы

cannon.rb

The CannonField now has a force value in addition to the angle.

signals 'angleChanged(int)', 'forceChanged(int)'
slots 'setAngle(int)', 'setForce(int)'

The interface to the force follows the same practice as for the angle.

def initialize(parent = nil)
  super()
 
  @currentAngle = 45
  @currentForce = 0
 
  setPalette(Qt::Palette.new(Qt::Color.new(250, 250, 200)))
  setAutoFillBackground(true)
end

The force @currentForce is initialized to zero.

def setAngle(angle)
  if angle < 5
    angle = 5
  elsif angle > 70
    angle = 70
  end
 
  if @currentAngle == angle
    return
  end
 
  @currentAngle = angle
  update(cannonRect())
  emit angleChanged(@currentAngle)
end

We have made a slight change in the setAngle() function. It repaints only the portion of the widget that contains the cannon.

def setForce(force)
  if force < 0
    force = 0
  end
  if @currentForce == force
    return
  end
 
  @currentForce = force
  emit forceChanged(@currentForce)
end

The implementation of setForce() is quite similar to that of setAngle(). The only difference is that because we don't show the force value, we don't need to repaint the widget.

def paintEvent(event)
  painter = Qt::Painter.new(self)
 
  painter.setPen(Qt::NoPen)
  painter.setBrush(Qt::Brush.new(Qt::blue))
 
  painter.translate(0, height())
  painter.drawPie(Qt::Rect.new(-35, -35, 70, 70), 0, 90 * 16)
  painter.rotate(-@currentAngle)
  painter.drawRect(Qt::Rect.new(30, -5, 20, 10))
  painter.end()
end

We paint as in Chapter 9.

def cannonRect()
  result = Qt::Rect.new(0, 0, 50, 50)
  result.moveBottomLeft(rect().bottomLeft())
  return result
end

The cannonRect() function returns the rectangle enclosing the cannon in widget coordinates. First we create a rectangle with the size 50 x 50 and then move it so its bottom-left corner is equal to the widget's own bottom-left corner.

The Qt::Widget::rect() function returns the widget's enclosing rectangle in the widget's own coordinates. The top-left corner of the rectangle is always (0, 0).

t10.rb

The constructor is mostly the same, but some new bits have been added.

force = LCDRange.new()
force.setRange(10, 50)

We add a second LCDRange, which will be used to set the force.

connect(force, SIGNAL('valueChanged(int)'),
         cannonField, SLOT('setForce(int)'))
connect(cannonField, SIGNAL('forceChanged(int)'),
         force, SLOT('setValue(int)'))

We connect the force widget and the cannonField widget, just like we did for the angle widget.

leftLayout = Qt::VBoxLayout.new()
leftLayout.addWidget(angle)
leftLayout.addWidget(force)
 
gridLayout = Qt::GridLayout.new()
gridLayout.addWidget(quit, 0, 0)
gridLayout.addLayout(leftLayout, 1, 0)
gridLayout.addWidget(cannonField, 1, 1, 2, 1)
gridLayout.setColumnStretch(1, 10)

In Chapter 9, we put angle in the lower-left cell of the layout. Now we want to have two widgets in that cell, so we make a vertical box, put the vertical box in the grid cell, and put each of angle and range in the vertical box.

force.setValue(25)

We initialize the force value to 25.

Запуск приложения

We now have a force control.

Exercises

Make the size of the cannon barrel be dependent on the force.

Put the cannon in the bottom-right corner.

Try adding a better keyboard interface. For example, make + and - increase and decrease the force and enter shoot. If you're bothered by the way the Left and Right keys work, change that too. [Hint: Reimplement Qt::Widget::keyPressEvent().]


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