Development/Tutorials/Programming Tutorial KDE 3/KHTML

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For HTML parsing, you have the following possibilities:

  • QXML
  • QDOM
  • perl
  • khtml

Obviously, QXML and QDOM need xml-compliant html pages, and the least html pages are xml-compliant. Perl is not the scope of this site. So, this tutorial choses the khtml approach.

First step

Our first khtml-program does plain nothing: <highlightSyntax language="cpp">

  1. include <qstring.h>
  2. include <kapplication.h>
  3. include <kaboutdata.h>
  4. include <kmessagebox.h>
  5. include <kcmdlineargs.h>
  6. include <dom/html_document.h>

int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {

       KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
       "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
       "(c) 2006" );
       KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
       KApplication khello;
       DOM::HTMLDocument();

} </highlightSyntax> It can be compiled like:

gcc -I/usr/lib/qt3/include -I/opt/kde3/include \
-L/opt/kde3/lib -lkdeui -lkhtml -o khtml khtml.cpp

Showing tags

The next program is more advanced, it shows you the first tags of an html file: <highlightSyntax language="cpp">

  1. include <kapplication.h>
  2. include <kaboutdata.h>
  3. include <kcmdlineargs.h>
  4. include <dom/html_document.h>

int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {

       KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
       "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
       "(c) 2006" );
       KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
       KApplication khello;
       DOM::Document* doc=new DOM::Document();
       DOM::DOMString tag("*");
       DOM::DOMString uri("<html>test</html>");
       doc->loadXML(uri);
       kdDebug() << "Does this doc have child elements ? " << doc->hasChildNodes() << endl;
       kdDebug() << "First child node name: " << doc->firstChild().nodeName().string() << endl;
       kdDebug() << "First grandchild node name: " << doc->firstChild().firstChild().nodeName().string() << endl;
       kdDebug() << "Count of elements in your doc " << doc->getElementsByTagName(tag).length()<< endl;
       for (int i=0; i<doc->getElementsByTagName(tag).length(); i++) kdDebug() << doc->getElementsByTagName(tag).item(i).nodeName().string() << endl;
       kdDebug() << "Size of your doc " << sizeof(doc) << endl;
       kdDebug() << doc->toString().string() << endl;

} </highlightSyntax>


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