Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Programming Tutorial KDE 3/KHTML"

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m (Text replace - "</code>" to "</syntaxhighlight>")
 
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Line 2: Line 2:
 
* QXML
 
* QXML
 
* QDOM
 
* QDOM
* perl
+
* Perl
* khtml
+
* XHTML
Obviously, QXML and QDOM need xml-compliant html pages, and the least html pages are xml-compliant. Perl is not the scope of this site. So, this tutorial choses the khtml approach. Our first khtml-program does plain nothing:
+
Obviously, QXML and QDOM need XML-compliant HTML pages, and the least HTML pages are XML-compliant. Perl is not the scope of this site. This tutorial chooses the XHTML approach.  
<highlightSyntax language="cpp">
+
 
#include <qstring.h>
+
=First step=
 +
As we remember from http://developernew.kde.org/Development/Tutorials/Programming_Tutorial_KDE_4/How_to_write_an_HTML_parser, biggest thing is to be able to parse non-XML-conform syntax. It works with the following program.
 +
 
 +
'''tags.cpp'''
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt" line>
 
#include <kapplication.h>
 
#include <kapplication.h>
 
#include <kaboutdata.h>
 
#include <kaboutdata.h>
#include <kmessagebox.h>
 
 
#include <kcmdlineargs.h>
 
#include <kcmdlineargs.h>
 
#include <dom/html_document.h>
 
#include <dom/html_document.h>
Line 20: Line 23:
 
         KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
 
         KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
 
         KApplication khello;
 
         KApplication khello;
         DOM::HTMLDocument();
+
 
 +
         DOM::HTMLDocument doc;
 +
        DOM::DOMString tag("*");
 +
        DOM::DOMString uri("<html><body><a href=\"http://www.kde.org/\"></a><a href=\"/index.php\" nowrap>Log in</a><a href=\"http://www.gmx.de\"></a></body></html>");
 +
 
 +
        doc.loadXML(uri);
 +
        kdDebug() << "Does this doc have child elements ? " << doc.hasChildNodes() << endl;
 +
        for (int i=0; i<doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).length(); i++) kdDebug() << doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).item(i).nodeName().string() << endl;
 +
        kdDebug() << "Size of your doc " << sizeof(doc.firstChild()) << endl;
 +
        kdDebug() << doc.isHTMLDocument() << endl;
 +
        kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
 
}
 
}
</highlightSyntax>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
It can be compiled like:
+
 
 +
 
 +
Compile it like this:
 
  gcc -I/usr/lib/qt3/include -I/opt/kde3/include \
 
  gcc -I/usr/lib/qt3/include -I/opt/kde3/include \
  -L/opt/kde3/lib -lkdeui -lkhtml -o khtml khtml.cpp
+
  -L/opt/kde3/lib -lkdeui -lkhtml -o tags tags.cpp
  
<highlightSyntax language="cpp">
+
=Second=
 +
 
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="cpp-qt">
 
#include <kapplication.h>
 
#include <kapplication.h>
 
#include <kaboutdata.h>
 
#include <kaboutdata.h>
 
#include <kcmdlineargs.h>
 
#include <kcmdlineargs.h>
 
#include <dom/html_document.h>
 
#include <dom/html_document.h>
 +
#include <dom/html_element.h>
 +
#include <dom/dom_node.h>
  
 
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
 
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
 
{
 
{
  KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
+
        KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
  "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
+
        "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
  "(c) 2006" );
+
        "(c) 2006" );
  KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
+
        KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
  KApplication khello;
+
        KApplication khello;
+
 
  DOM::Document doc=DOM::Document();
+
        DOM::HTMLDocument doc;
  DOM::HTMLDocument htmldoc=DOM::HTMLDocument();
+
        DOM::DOMString tag("*");
  DOM::DOMString tag("*");
+
        DOM::DOMString uri("<html><body><a href=\"http://www.kde.org/\"><b>fat</b></a><a href=\"/index.php\" nowrap>Log in</a><a href=\"http://www.gmx.de\"></a></body></html>");
  doc.loadXML("hello.htm");
+
 
  kdDebug() << "Does this doc have child elements ? " << doc.hasChildNodes() << endl;
+
        doc.loadXML(uri);
  kdDebug() << "First child node name: " << doc.firstChild().nodeName().string() << endl;
+
        kdDebug() << "Here's a list of the document elements" << endl;
  kdDebug() << "First grandchild node name: " << doc.firstChild().firstChild().nodeName().string() << endl;
+
        for (int i=0; i<doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).length(); i++) kdDebug() << doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).item(i).nodeName().string() << endl;
  kdDebug() << "Count of elements in your doc " << doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).length()<< endl;
+
     
  kdDebug() << "Size of your doc " << sizeof(doc) << endl;
+
        DOM::HTMLDocument doc2;
 +
        DOM::DOMString uri2("<html><body>this is html<b>fat</b></body></html>");
 +
        doc2.loadXML(uri2);
 +
        kdDebug() << "This is the in-memory html:" << endl;
 +
        kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
 +
        doc.body().insertBefore(doc.body().firstChild().firstChild(),doc.body().firstChild());
 +
        kdDebug() << "Moving around nodes" << endl;
 +
        kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
 
}
 
}
</highlightSyntax>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
You can use this e.g. with the following
+
hello.htm:
+
<pre>
+
<html>
+
<head>
+
<title>blah</title>
+
</head>
+
<body>
+
<b>fat</b>
+
<a href="http://www.de">denic</a>
+
</body>
+
</html>
+
</pre>
+

Latest revision as of 21:54, 29 June 2011

For HTML parsing, you have the following possibilities:

  • QXML
  • QDOM
  • Perl
  • XHTML

Obviously, QXML and QDOM need XML-compliant HTML pages, and the least HTML pages are XML-compliant. Perl is not the scope of this site. This tutorial chooses the XHTML approach.

[edit] First step

As we remember from http://developernew.kde.org/Development/Tutorials/Programming_Tutorial_KDE_4/How_to_write_an_HTML_parser, biggest thing is to be able to parse non-XML-conform syntax. It works with the following program.

tags.cpp

  1. #include <kapplication.h>
  2. #include <kaboutdata.h>
  3. #include <kcmdlineargs.h>
  4. #include <dom/html_document.h>
  5.  
  6. int main (int argc, char *argv[])
  7. {
  8.         KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
  9.         "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
  10.         "(c) 2006" );
  11.         KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
  12.         KApplication khello;
  13.  
  14.         DOM::HTMLDocument doc;
  15.         DOM::DOMString tag("*");
  16.         DOM::DOMString uri("<html><body><a href=\"http://www.kde.org/\"></a><a href=\"/index.php\" nowrap>Log in</a><a href=\"http://www.gmx.de\"></a></body></html>");
  17.  
  18.         doc.loadXML(uri);
  19.         kdDebug() << "Does this doc have child elements ? " << doc.hasChildNodes() << endl;
  20.         for (int i=0; i<doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).length(); i++) kdDebug() << doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).item(i).nodeName().string() << endl;
  21.         kdDebug() << "Size of your doc " << sizeof(doc.firstChild()) << endl;
  22.         kdDebug() << doc.isHTMLDocument() << endl;
  23.         kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
  24. }


Compile it like this:

gcc -I/usr/lib/qt3/include -I/opt/kde3/include \
-L/opt/kde3/lib -lkdeui -lkhtml -o tags tags.cpp

[edit] Second

#include <kapplication.h>
#include <kaboutdata.h>
#include <kcmdlineargs.h>
#include <dom/html_document.h>
#include <dom/html_element.h>
#include <dom/dom_node.h>
 
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
        KAboutData aboutData( "test", "test",
        "1.0", "test", KAboutData::License_GPL,
        "(c) 2006" );
        KCmdLineArgs::init( argc, argv, &aboutData );
        KApplication khello;
 
        DOM::HTMLDocument doc;
        DOM::DOMString tag("*");
        DOM::DOMString uri("<html><body><a href=\"http://www.kde.org/\"><b>fat</b></a><a href=\"/index.php\" nowrap>Log in</a><a href=\"http://www.gmx.de\"></a></body></html>");
 
        doc.loadXML(uri);
        kdDebug() << "Here's a list of the document elements" << endl;
        for (int i=0; i<doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).length(); i++) kdDebug() << doc.getElementsByTagName(tag).item(i).nodeName().string() << endl;
 
        DOM::HTMLDocument doc2;
        DOM::DOMString uri2("<html><body>this is html<b>fat</b></body></html>");
        doc2.loadXML(uri2);
        kdDebug() << "This is the in-memory html:" << endl;
        kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
        doc.body().insertBefore(doc.body().firstChild().firstChild(),doc.body().firstChild());
        kdDebug() << "Moving around nodes" << endl;
        kdDebug() << doc.toString().string() << endl;
}

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