Development/Tutorials/Plasma/QML/GettingStarted

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Contents

Abstract

Writing a plasma applet in QML is very easy, in fact, with KDE 4.6 and Qt 4.7 it just works.

Package Structure

You create a .desktop file and the .qml file. They have to be in the usual plasma package structure.

plasmoid-qml/metadata.desktop plasmoid-qml/contents/qml/main.qml

metadata.desktop

[Desktop Entry] Name=Hello QML Comment=A hello world widget in QML Icon=chronometer

X-Plasma-API=declarativeappletscript X-Plasma-MainScript=qml/main.qml X-Plasma-DefaultSize=200,100

X-KDE-PluginInfo-Author=Frederik Gladhorn X-KDE-PluginInfo-Email=gladhorn@kde.org X-KDE-PluginInfo-Website=http://plasma.kde.org/ X-KDE-PluginInfo-Category=Examples X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name=org.kde.hello-qml X-KDE-PluginInfo-Version=0.0

X-KDE-PluginInfo-Depends= X-KDE-PluginInfo-License=GPL X-KDE-PluginInfo-EnabledByDefault=true X-KDE-ServiceTypes=Plasma/Applet Type=Service

main.qml

import Qt 4.7

Text {

   text: "Hello world!";

}


Installing

You can install your plasmoid: plasmapkg --install plasmoid-qml

plasmoidviewer

You can run it in plasmoidviewer as usual: plasmoidviewer plasmoid-qml

qmlviewer

And you can run it in qmlviewer: qmlviewer -I /usr/lib/kde4/imports/ plasmoid-qml/contents/qml/main.qml

Where the -I is the path to the plasma plugin for qml. Try to look for the path of /usr/lib/kde4/imports/org/kde/plasma/graphicswidgets/libgraphicswidgetsbindingsplugin.so and use everything up to org of that path.

Plasma Widgets in QML

To use plasma widgets, you simply add an import line for them.

import Qt 4.7 import org.kde.plasma.graphicswidgets 0.1 as PlasmaWidgets

Item {

   width: 64
   height: 64
   PlasmaWidgets.IconWidget {
       id: icon
       Component.onCompleted: setIcon("flag-red")
       anchors.centerIn: parent
   }

}


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