Development/Tutorials/Plasma/ContainmentAction

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You can use Plasma ContainmentAction e.g. for Context Menus on your Plasma Desktop. They will run as plugins meaning you can add and remove them after compilation. If they exist, their name will be stored in .desktop files. ContainmentActions can only be written in C++ or QML, not in other Plasma programming languages, e.g. NOT in javascript.

Contents

Example

We will now create a simple example for Plasma ContainmentAction plugins. The code can be downloaded at https://github.com/tstaerk/kde-contextmenu/tree/tutorial. It creates a custom context menu that looks like this:

Snapshot-kde-contextmenu-2.png

The code is here:

kde-contextmenu.desktop

[Desktop Entry]
Name=KDE Context Menu
Type=Service
Icon=favorites
Comment=Simple application launcher

ServiceTypes=Plasma/ContainmentActions

X-KDE-Library=kde-contextmenu
X-KDE-PluginInfo-Author=R. Hacker
X-KDE-PluginInfo-Email=hacker@home.org
X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name=kde-contextmenu
X-KDE-PluginInfo-Version=pre0.1
X-KDE-PluginInfo-Website=http://techbase.kde.org
X-KDE-PluginInfo-EnabledByDefault=true

The Name will show up later in this article when you select your context menu.

If you want to know which ServiceTypes exist, you can find out with the Linux command

ls `kde4-config --prefix`/share/kde4/servicetypes

CMakeLists.txt

project(kde-contextmenu)

set(KDE_MIN_VERSION "4.3.85") # for the < 4.2 macro
find_package(KDE4 4.3.85 REQUIRED)

include(MacroLibrary)
include(KDE4Defaults)

add_definitions(${QT_DEFINITIONS} ${KDE4_DEFINITIONS})
include_directories(${CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR} ${CMAKE_BINARY_DIR} ${KDE4_INCLUDES})

set(contextmenu_SRCS
    launch.cpp
)

kde4_add_plugin(kde-contextmenu ${contextmenu_SRCS})
target_link_libraries(kde-contextmenu ${KDE4_PLASMA_LIBS} ${KDE4_KIO_LIBS})

install(TARGETS kde-contextmenu DESTINATION ${PLUGIN_INSTALL_DIR})
install(FILES kde-contextmenu.desktop DESTINATION ${SERVICES_INSTALL_DIR})

launch.h

#ifndef CONTEXTMENU_HEADER
#define CONTEXTMENU_HEADER

#include <plasma/containmentactions.h>

class QAction;
class KMenu;

class ConTextMenu : public Plasma::ContainmentActions
{
    Q_OBJECT
    public:
        ConTextMenu(QObject* parent, const QVariantList& args);
        ~ConTextMenu();

        void init(const KConfigGroup &config);

        void contextEvent(QEvent *event);
        //returns true if something (other than a separator) was successfully added
        bool addApps(QMenu *menu);

    public slots:
        void switchTo(QAction *action);

    protected:
        void makeMenu();

    private:
        KMenu *m_menu;
        QAction *m_action;
};

K_EXPORT_PLASMA_CONTAINMENTACTIONS(favorites, ConTextMenu)

#endif

launch.cpp

#include "launch.h"

#include <QGraphicsSceneMouseEvent>
#include <QGraphicsSceneWheelEvent>
#include <QFileInfo>

#include <KDebug>
#include <KIcon>
#include <KMenu>

#include <Plasma/DataEngine>
#include <Plasma/Containment>
#include <Plasma/Service>

ConTextMenu::ConTextMenu(QObject *parent, const QVariantList &args)
    : Plasma::ContainmentActions(parent, args)
    , m_action(new QAction(this))
{
    m_menu = new KMenu();
    connect(m_menu, SIGNAL(triggered(QAction*)), this, SLOT(switchTo(QAction*)));

    m_action->setMenu(m_menu);
}

ConTextMenu::~ConTextMenu()
{
    delete m_menu;
}

void ConTextMenu::init(const KConfigGroup &)
{
}

void ConTextMenu::contextEvent(QEvent *event)
{
    makeMenu();
    m_menu->adjustSize();
    m_menu->exec(popupPosition(m_menu->size(), event));
}

void ConTextMenu::makeMenu()
{
    m_menu->clear();
    addApps(m_menu);
}

bool ConTextMenu::addApps(QMenu *menu)
{
    QAction* action = menu->addAction(KIcon("system-run"), "Open a console");
    action->setData("kde4-konsole.desktop");

    action = menu->addAction(KIcon("firefox"), "Surf the web");
    action->setData("firefox.desktop");
    
    action = menu->addAction(KIcon("ksnapshot"), "Take a screenshot");
    action->setData("kde4-ksnapshot.desktop");
    return true;
}

void ConTextMenu::switchTo(QAction *action)
{
    QString source = action->data().toString();
    kDebug() << source;
    Plasma::Service *service = dataEngine("apps")->serviceForSource(source);
    if (service)
    {
        service->startOperationCall(service->operationDescription("launch"));
    }
}

#include "launch.moc"

Install it

Compile, link and install it using the command

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=`kde4-config --prefix` . && make -j8 && make install

Test it

To test it, have your system re-discover its .desktop files by running the command

kbuildsycoca4

Then right-click onto your desktop, select "Folder View Settings" -> Mouse Actions and the context menu:

Snapshot-kde-contextmenu-1.png

Then click "Apply". You will see the config file ~/.kde4/share/config/plasma-desktop-appletsrc changes. Next time when you middle-click (or whatever you selected) onto your desktop, your own context menu will appear:

Snapshot-kde-contextmenu-2.png

Debugging

To debug your Plasma ContainmentAction call

kdebugdialog --fullmode

search for "plasma" and direct kDebug's output to /tmp/whatever.txt

See also


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