Development/Tutorials/Kate/KTextEditor Plugins Advanced

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Creating your first Kate Plugin with configuration dialog
Tutorial Series   Kate Plugin Tutorial (2nd part)
Previous   C++, Qt, KDE4 development environment
What's Next   n/a
Further Reading   CMake, The actual plugin code

Contents

Abstract

The plugin that we developed on the previous part of this tutorial was nice, but probably not enough. We also need it to be configurable, because the user might want to only add to his/her document the date or the time, not both. We are going to create a configuration dialog for the plugin, and make the output form of our time & date configurable by the user.

The Code

The .desktop files

Every plugin needs a .desktop file that describes it. Same for each configuration page/widget. As we only need a page/widget for this plugin, we will only have two desktop files: one for the plugin itself, and another one for configuration the page/widget.

ktexteditor_timedate.desktop [Desktop Entry] Encoding=UTF-8 X-KDE-Library=ktexteditor_timedate X-KDE-PluginKeyword=ktexteditor_timedate X-KDE-PluginInfo-Author=Konqui the Dragon X-KDE-PluginInfo-Email=konqui@kde.org X-KDE-PluginInfo-Name=ktexteditortimedate X-KDE-PluginInfo-Version=0.1 X-KDE-PluginInfo-Website=http://kate.kde.org X-KDE-PluginInfo-Category=Editor X-KDE-PluginInfo-Depends= X-KDE-PluginInfo-License=GPL X-KDE-PluginInfo-EnabledByDefault=false X-KDE-ParentApp=kate X-KDE-Version=4.0 ServiceTypes=KTextEditor/Plugin Type=Service Icon=korganizer Name=Time & Date Comment=Insert current Time & Date

ktexteditor_timedate_config.desktop [Desktop Entry] Type=Service X-KDE-ServiceTypes=KCModule X-KDE-Library=ktexteditor_timedate X-KDE-PluginKeyword=ktexteditor_timedate_config X-KDE-FactoryName=ktexteditor_timedate_config X-KDE-ParentComponents=ktexteditortimedate Name=Format of Time & Date insertion

  • X-KDE-ServiceTypes: configuration widgets are always KCModule's.
  • X-KDE-Library: you need to specify which library provides this configuration dialog. In this case we are shipping on the same library "ktexteditor_timedate.so" both the plugin itself and its configuration dialog.
  • X-KDE-PluginKeyword: since we have two entry points on the library at this time: one for the plugin and another one for the configuration dialog we need to specify which keyword has each one. As you can see I also added this entry to the ktexteditor_timedate.desktop file. Of course they have to be different if we want to see it working.

The resource contents file

This file is the one that will let our plugin merge with the Kate environment (toolbars and/or menubars). In this case when our plugin is loaded this file tells the KDE XML classes that it will add a separator, and that there is an action named "tools_insert_timedate". We will need to interact with this action later.

timedateui.rc <!DOCTYPE kpartgui> <kpartplugin name="ktexteditor_timedate" library="ktexteditor_timedate" version="2"> <MenuBar>

<Menu name="tools"><Text>&Tools</Text>
   <separator group="tools_operations" />
   <Action name="tools_insert_timedate" group="tools_operations"/>
</Menu>

</MenuBar> </kpartplugin>

The header file of the plugin

timedate.h

  1. ifndef TIMEDATE_H
  2. define TIMEDATE_H
  1. include <ktexteditor/plugin.h>
  2. include <ktexteditor/view.h>
  3. include <kxmlguiclient.h>
  4. include <klocalizedstring.h>
  5. include <kpluginfactory.h>
  1. include <QtCore/QEvent>
  2. include <QtCore/QObject>
  3. include <QtCore/QList>
  4. include <QtCore/QVariantList>

static QString localizedTimeDate = QString();

class TimeDatePlugin

 : public KTextEditor::Plugin

{

 public:
   explicit TimeDatePlugin(QObject *parent = 0,
                           const QVariantList &args = QVariantList());
   virtual ~TimeDatePlugin();
   static TimeDatePlugin *self() { return plugin; }
   void addView (KTextEditor::View *view);
   void removeView (KTextEditor::View *view);
   void readConfig();
   void writeConfig();
   virtual void readConfig (KConfig *) {}
   virtual void writeConfig (KConfig *) {}
   void setFormat(const QString &format);
   QString format() const;
 private:
   static TimeDatePlugin *plugin;
   QList<class TimeDatePluginView*> m_views;
   QString m_string;

};

class TimeDatePluginView

  : public QObject, public KXMLGUIClient

{

 Q_OBJECT
 public:
   explicit TimeDatePluginView(const QString &string,
                               KTextEditor::View *view = 0);
   ~TimeDatePluginView();
   void setFormat(const QString &format);
   QString format() const;
 private Q_SLOTS:
   void slotInsertTimeDate();
 private:
   KTextEditor::View *m_view;
   QString m_string;

};

K_PLUGIN_FACTORY_DECLARATION(TimeDatePluginFactory)

  1. endif // TIMEDATE_H

The source file of the plugin

timedate.cpp

  1. include "timedate.h"
  2. include "timedate_config.h"
  1. include <ktexteditor/document.h>
  1. include <kpluginfactory.h>
  2. include <kpluginloader.h>
  3. include <klocale.h>
  4. include <kaction.h>
  5. include <kactioncollection.h>
  6. include <kdatetime.h>
  7. include <kconfiggroup.h>

TimeDatePlugin *TimeDatePlugin::plugin = 0;

K_PLUGIN_FACTORY_DEFINITION(TimeDatePluginFactory,

       registerPlugin<TimeDatePlugin>("ktexteditor_timedate");
       registerPlugin<TimeDateConfig>("ktexteditor_timedate_config");
       )

K_EXPORT_PLUGIN(TimeDatePluginFactory("ktexteditor_timedate", "ktexteditor_plugins"))

TimeDatePlugin::TimeDatePlugin(QObject *parent, const QVariantList &args)

   : KTextEditor::Plugin(parent)

{

   Q_UNUSED(args);
   if (localizedTimeDate.isNull())
   {
       localizedTimeDate = i18nc("This is a localized string for default time & date printing on kate document."
                                 "%d means day in XX format."
                                 "%m means month in XX format."
                                 "%Y means year in XXXX format."
                                 "%H means hours in XX format."
                                 "%M means minutes in XX format."
                                 "Please, if in your language time or date is written in a different order, change it here",
                                 "%d-%m-%Y %H:%M");
   }
   plugin = this;
   readConfig();

}

TimeDatePlugin::~TimeDatePlugin() {

   plugin = 0;

}

void TimeDatePlugin::addView(KTextEditor::View *view) {

   TimeDatePluginView *nview = new TimeDatePluginView(m_string, view);
   m_views.append(nview);

}

void TimeDatePlugin::removeView(KTextEditor::View *view) {

   for (int z = 0; z < m_views.size(); z++)
   {
       if (m_views.at(z)->parentClient() == view)
       {
           TimeDatePluginView *nview = m_views.at(z);
           m_views.removeAll(nview);
           delete nview;
       }
   }

}

void TimeDatePlugin::readConfig() {

   KConfigGroup cg(KGlobal::config(), "TimeDate Plugin");
   m_string = cg.readEntry("string", localizedTimeDate);

}

void TimeDatePlugin::writeConfig() {

   KConfigGroup cg(KGlobal::config(), "TimeDate Plugin" );
   cg.writeEntry("string", m_string );

}

void TimeDatePlugin::setFormat(const QString &format) {

   m_string = format;
   // If the property has been set for the plugin in general, let's set that
   // property to that value on all views where the plugin has been loaded.
   foreach (TimeDatePluginView *pluginView, m_views)
   {
       pluginView->setFormat(format);
   }

}

QString TimeDatePlugin::format() const {

   return m_string;

}

TimeDatePluginView::TimeDatePluginView(const QString &string,

                                      KTextEditor::View *view)
 : QObject(view)
 , KXMLGUIClient(view)
 , m_view(view)
 , m_string(string)

{

   setComponentData(TimeDatePluginFactory::componentData());
   KAction *action = new KAction(i18n("Insert Time && Date"), this);
   actionCollection()->addAction("tools_insert_timedate", action);
   action->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_D);
   connect(action, SIGNAL(triggered()), this, SLOT(slotInsertTimeDate()));
   setXMLFile("timedateui.rc");

}

TimeDatePluginView::~TimeDatePluginView() { }

void TimeDatePluginView::setFormat(const QString &format) {

   m_string = format;

}

QString TimeDatePluginView::format() const {

   return m_string;

}

void TimeDatePluginView::slotInsertTimeDate() {

   KDateTime dt(QDateTime::currentDateTime());
   m_view->document()->insertText(m_view->cursorPosition(), dt.toString(m_string));

}

  1. include "timedate.moc"

The header file of the configuration dialog

timedate_config.h

  1. ifndef TIMEDATE_CONFIG_H
  2. define TIMEDATE_CONFIG_H
  1. include <kcmodule.h>

class KLineEdit;

class TimeDateConfig

   : public KCModule

{

   Q_OBJECT

public:

   explicit TimeDateConfig(QWidget *parent = 0, const QVariantList &args = QVariantList());
   virtual ~TimeDateConfig();
   virtual void save();
   virtual void load();
   virtual void defaults();

private Q_SLOTS:

   void slotChanged();

private:

   KLineEdit *format;

};

  1. endif // TIMEDATE_CONFIG_H

The source file of the configuration dialog

timedate_config.cpp

  1. include "timedate_config.h"
  2. include "timedate.h"
  1. include <QtGui/QLabel>
  2. include <QtGui/QBoxLayout>
  1. include <klocale.h>
  2. include <kpluginfactory.h>
  3. include <kpluginloader.h>
  4. include <klineedit.h>
  5. include <kconfiggroup.h>

TimeDateConfig::TimeDateConfig(QWidget *parent, const QVariantList &args)

   : KCModule(TimeDatePluginFactory::componentData(), parent, args)

{

   QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout(this);
   QLabel *info = new QLabel(i18n(
    "%y\t2-digit year excluding century (00 - 99)\n"
    "%Y\tfull year number\n"
    "%:m\tmonth number, without leading zero (1 - 12)\n"
    "%m\tmonth number, 2 digits (01 - 12)\n"
    "%b\tabbreviated month name\n"
    "%B\tfull month name\n"
    "%e\tday of the month (1 - 31)\n"
    "%d\tday of the month, 2 digits (01 - 31)\n"
    "%a\tabbreviated weekday name\n"
    "%A\tfull weekday name\n"
    "\n"
    "%H\thour in the 24 hour clock, 2 digits (00 - 23)\n"
    "%k\thour in the 24 hour clock, without leading zero (0 - 23)\n"
    "%I\thour in the 12 hour clock, 2 digits (01 - 12)\n"
    "%l\thour in the 12 hour clock, without leading zero (1 - 12)\n"
    "%M\tminute, 2 digits (00 - 59)\n"
    "%S\tseconds (00 - 59)\n"
    "%P\t\"am\" or \"pm\"\n"
    "%p\t\"AM\" or \"PM\"\n"));
   // It is possible that the plugin has not been loaded yet, and the
   // configuration dialog has been asked to be shown. In that case, it is our
   // turn to set the static string to the correct value.
   if (localizedTimeDate.isNull())
   {
       localizedTimeDate = i18nc("This is a localized string for default time & date printing on kate document."
                                 "%d means day in XX format."
                                 "%m means month in XX format."
                                 "%Y means year in XXXX format."
                                 "%H means hours in XX format."
                                 "%M means minutes in XX format."
                                 "Please, if in your language time or date is written in a different order, change it here",
                                 "%d-%m-%Y %H:%M");
   }
   QHBoxLayout *hlayout = new QHBoxLayout(this);
   QLabel *lformat = new QLabel(i18n("Format"));
   format = new KLineEdit(this);
   hlayout->addWidget(lformat);
   hlayout->addWidget(format);
   layout->addWidget(info);
   layout->addLayout(hlayout);
   setLayout(layout);
   load();
   QObject::connect(format, SIGNAL(textChanged(QString)), this, SLOT(slotChanged()));

}

TimeDateConfig::~TimeDateConfig() { }

void TimeDateConfig::save() {

   if (TimeDatePlugin::self())
   {
       TimeDatePlugin::self()->setFormat(format->text());
       TimeDatePlugin::self()->writeConfig();
   }
   else
   {
       KConfigGroup cg(KGlobal::config(), "TimeDate Plugin");
       cg.writeEntry("string", format->text());
   }
   emit changed(false);

}

void TimeDateConfig::load() {

   if (TimeDatePlugin::self())
   {
       TimeDatePlugin::self()->readConfig();
       format->setText(TimeDatePlugin::self()->format());
   }
   else
   {
       KConfigGroup cg(KGlobal::config(), "TimeDate Plugin" );
       format->setText(cg.readEntry("string", localizedTimeDate));
   }
   emit changed(false);

}

void TimeDateConfig::defaults() {

   format->setText(localizedTimeDate);
   emit changed(true);

}

void TimeDateConfig::slotChanged() {

   emit changed(true);

}

  1. include "timedate_config.moc"

Building it all, the CMakeLists.txt

Finally, to put everything together you need to build everything, to tell cmake what needs to go where there is the CMakeLists.txt file.

For more details on CMake please read Development/Tutorials/CMake

set(ktexteditor_timedate_PART_SRCS timedate.cpp timedate_config.cpp )

kde4_add_plugin(ktexteditor_timedate ${ktexteditor_timedate_PART_SRCS} )

target_link_libraries(ktexteditor_timedate ${KDE4_KDECORE_LIBS} ktexteditor )

install(TARGETS ktexteditor_timedate DESTINATION ${PLUGIN_INSTALL_DIR} )

install(FILES timedateui.rc DESTINATION ${DATA_INSTALL_DIR}/ktexteditor_timedate )

install(FILES ktexteditor_timedate.desktop

             ktexteditor_timedate_config.desktop DESTINATION ${SERVICES_INSTALL_DIR} )


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