Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Icons"

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[[File:Snapshot-krep-arrow.png]]
 
[[File:Snapshot-krep-arrow.png]]
  
These icons are called [http://api.kde.org/4.x-api/kdelibs-apidocs/kdeui/html/classKIcon.html KIcon]s. This article shows you how to do this on the example of the software [http://www.staerk.de/thorsten/krep krep]. In case of a [[Development/Tutorials/CMake|
+
These icons are called [http://api.kde.org/4.x-api/kdelibs-apidocs/kdeui/html/classKIcon.html KIcon]s. This article shows you how to do this using the software [http://www.staerk.de/thorsten/krep krep] as an example. In case of a [[Development/Tutorials/CMake|
cmake]] based project you will need to   
+
CMake]]-based project you will need to   
 
* [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/playground/utils/krep/main.cpp?r1=1154359&r2=1249871 modify main.cpp (as it is typically called)]
 
* [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/playground/utils/krep/main.cpp?r1=1154359&r2=1249871 modify main.cpp (as it is typically called)]
 
* [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/playground/utils/krep/CMakeLists.txt?r1=813330&r2=1249871&sortby=date modify CMakeLists.txt]
 
* [http://websvn.kde.org/trunk/playground/utils/krep/CMakeLists.txt?r1=813330&r2=1249871&sortby=date modify CMakeLists.txt]
  
How to use icons in a qmake base project is discussed [http://appdeveloper.intel.com/en-us/Qt%20C%20Plus%20Plus%20app%20MeeGo%20SDK elsewhere].
+
How to use icons in QMake-based projects is discussed [http://appdeveloper.intel.com/en-us/Qt%20C%20Plus%20Plus%20app%20MeeGo%20SDK elsewhere].
  
 
= Your KDE project =
 
= Your KDE project =
If you have a KDE project and want to use icons within it, and want that these icons install seamlessly, you will have to name the icons after the project. In the following we look at a project named ''krep''. The important lines in CMakeLists.txt are the ones printed bold below:
+
If you have a KDE project and want to use icons within it, and want these icons installed seamlessly, you will have to name the icons after the project. In the following we look at a project named ''krep''. The important lines in CMakeLists.txt are the ones printed bold below:
PROJECT( krep )
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="cmake">
FIND_PACKAGE( KDE4 REQUIRED )
+
PROJECT( krep )
INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES( ${KDE4_INCLUDES} . )
+
FIND_PACKAGE( KDE4 REQUIRED )
 +
INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES( ${KDE4_INCLUDES} . )
 
   
 
   
SET(krepSources main.cpp krep.cpp krep.h)
+
SET( krepSources main.cpp krep.cpp krep.h )
 
   
 
   
qt4_add_dbus_adaptor( krepSources  
+
qt4_add_dbus_adaptor( krepSources  
                      org.kde.krep.xml
+
                      org.kde.krep.xml
                      krep.h
+
                      krep.h
                      krep
+
                      krep
                      mainadaptor
+
                      mainadaptor
                      MainAdaptor )
+
                      MainAdaptor )
 
   
 
   
kde4_add_ui_files( krepSources krepui.ui )
+
kde4_add_ui_files( krepSources krepui.ui )
 
   
 
   
'''[[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#Macros|kde4_add_app_icon]]( krepSources "hi*-app-krep.png" )'''
+
kde4_add_app_icon]]( krepSources "hi*-app-krep.png" )
 
   
 
   
KDE4_ADD_EXECUTABLE( krep ${krepSources} )
+
KDE4_ADD_EXECUTABLE( krep ${krepSources} )
 
   
 
   
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES( krep ${KDE4_KPARTS_LIBS} )
+
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES( krep ${KDE4_KPARTS_LIBS} )
 
   
 
   
install( TARGETS krep ${INSTALL_TARGETS_DEFAULT_ARGS} )
+
install( TARGETS krep ${INSTALL_TARGETS_DEFAULT_ARGS} )
 
   
 
   
'''kde4_install_icons( ${[[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#The_locations_of_install_directories|ICON_INSTALL_DIR]]} )'''
+
'''kde4_install_icons( ${ICON_INSTALL_DIR]]} )
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
Weitere Informationen:
 +
* [[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#Macros|kde4_add_app_icon]]
 +
* [[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#The_locations_of_install_directories|ICON_INSTALL_DIR]]
  
 
= How to test it =
 
= How to test it =
 
* delete a file
 
* delete a file
  rm /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/22x22/apps/krep.png  
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
  rm /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/22x22/apps/krep.png
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
{{Note| We are assuming your icon path is /usr/local/share/icons.
 +
Find it out with the command
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
kde4-config --path icon
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
}}
 
* delete your cache
 
* delete your cache
rm -rf /var/tmp/kdecache-''user''/icon-cache.kcache  
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
rm -rf /var/tmp/kdecache-''user''/icon-cache.kcache
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
According to [[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#Macros]] you need to provide a 128x128 pixels icon.
 
According to [[Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#Macros]] you need to provide a 128x128 pixels icon.
Line 49: Line 64:
 
= The icon naming scheme =
 
= The icon naming scheme =
 
Example for icon names:
 
Example for icon names:
* hisc-apps-bla.svgz will be installed e.g. to /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/./bla.svgz. hi stands for "hicolor", sc for "scalable", apps for "applications", bla for the application's name and .svgz is the suffix for gzipped scalable vector graphic files.
+
* hisc-apps-bla.svgz will be installed e.g. to /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/bla.svgz. <tt>hi</tt> stands for "hicolor", <tt>sc</tt> for "scalable", <tt>apps</tt> for "applications", <tt>bla</tt> for the application's name and <tt>.svgz</tt> is the suffix for gzipped scalable vector graphic files.
* hi128-app-ktimetracker.png will be installed e.g. to /usr/share/icons/hicolor/128x128/apps/ktimetracker.png. hi stands for "hicolor", 128 for a resolution of 128x128 pixels, app for "applications", ktimetracker for the application's name and .png is the suffix for portable network graphic files.
+
* hi128-app-ktimetracker.png will be installed e.g. to /usr/share/icons/hicolor/128x128/apps/ktimetracker.png. <tt>hi</tt> stands for "hicolor", <tt>128</tt> for a resolution of 128x128 pixels, <tt>app</tt> for "applications", <tt>ktimetracker</tt> for the application's name and <tt>.png</tt> is the suffix for portable network graphic files.
  
 
= example application =
 
= example application =
In this chapter we will build an example application ''kicons'' that looks like this:
+
In this chapter we will build - on top of the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]] - an example application ''kicons'' that looks like this:
  
 
[[File:Snapshot-tutorial-kicon.png]]
 
[[File:Snapshot-tutorial-kicon.png]]
Line 65: Line 80:
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/mainwindow.cpp mainwindow.cpp]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/mainwindow.cpp mainwindow.cpp]
: Note the command <code> clearAction->setIcon(KIcon("tutorial-kicon"));</code> that sets the icon
+
: Note the command <syntaxhighlight lang="bash">clearAction->setIcon(KIcon("tutorial-kicon"));</syntaxhighlight> that sets the icon
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/mainwindow.h mainwindow.h]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/mainwindow.h mainwindow.h]
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/world.svg world.svg]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/world.svg world.svg]
: This is a file that defines our icon in (almost natural) english language. It is a scalable vector graphics. Before being used, it must be converted to a zipped scalable vector graphic file hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz, see below.
+
: This is a file that defines our icon in (almost natural) english language. It is a scalable vector graphic file. Before being used, it must be converted into a zipped scalable vector graphic named ''hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz'', see below.
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/tutorial-kiconui.rc tutorial-kiconui.rc]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/tutorial-kiconui.rc tutorial-kiconui.rc]
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
: just taken from the [[Development/Tutorials/Using_KActions|KAction example]]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz]
: sorry for the name, but there are [[#The_icon_naming_scheme|naming conventions]]. Create this file with the command convert from the ImageMagick package <code>convert world.svg hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz</code>
+
: sorry for the name, but there are [[#The_icon_naming_scheme|naming conventions]]. Create this file with the ''convert'' command from the ''ImageMagick'' package <syntaxhighlight lang="bash">convert world.svg hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz</syntaxhighlight>
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/CMakeLists.txt CMakeLists.txt]
 
* [http://quickgit.kde.org/?p=kdeexamples.git&a=blob&f=kicons/CMakeLists.txt CMakeLists.txt]
: Note the commands <code>kde4_install_icons(${ICON_INSTALL_DIR})</code> and <code>kde4_update_iconcache()</code> which integrate the icons.
+
: Note the commands <syntaxhighlight lang="bash">kde4_install_icons(${ICON_INSTALL_DIR})</syntaxhighlight> and <syntaxhighlight lang="bash">kde4_update_iconcache()</syntaxhighlight> which integrate the icons.
  
 
== build it ==
 
== build it ==
 
To compile, link and install the example application, do a
 
To compile, link and install the example application, do a
cmake . && make && make install
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
cmake . && make && make install
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 
To run it, call
 
To run it, call
tutorial-kicon
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 +
tutorial-kicon
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
= Analyzing the KApplications =
 
= Analyzing the KApplications =
 
Maybe you have already searched for yourself how a KDE application finds its icons. You will not be successful like this:
 
Maybe you have already searched for yourself how a KDE application finds its icons. You will not be successful like this:
 +
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
  # [http://www.linuxintro.org/wiki/Strace#Search_for_a_syscall strace -e open] ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 
  # [http://www.linuxintro.org/wiki/Strace#Search_for_a_syscall strace -e open] ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 
  open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
 
  open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
 
  #
 
  #
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 
You see, a KDE application (in this case ktimetracker) does not open icon files or even look for them. However, it spawns a process to look for these icons:
 
You see, a KDE application (in this case ktimetracker) does not open icon files or even look for them. However, it spawns a process to look for these icons:
 
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
  linux-qgla:~/repos/kdepim/ktimetracker # strace -ffe open ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 
  linux-qgla:~/repos/kdepim/ktimetracker # strace -ffe open ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 
  open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
 
  open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
Line 99: Line 120:
 
  [pid  3457] open("/var/tmp/kdecache-root/kpc/kde-icon-cache.index", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 10
 
  [pid  3457] open("/var/tmp/kdecache-root/kpc/kde-icon-cache.index", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 10
 
  [...]
 
  [...]
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
 +
 +
= Moving On =
 +
Now you can move on to [[Development/Tutorials/Desktop_File|how to place your application in the K-Menu using .desktop files]].
  
= See also =
+
[[Category:C++]]
* [[Development/Tutorials]]
+

Revision as of 21:23, 28 September 2011

Contents


When you create your own KDE application you will probably want icons in it like this:

Snapshot-krep-arrow.png

These icons are called KIcons. This article shows you how to do this using the software krep as an example. In case of a CMake-based project you will need to

How to use icons in QMake-based projects is discussed elsewhere.

Your KDE project

If you have a KDE project and want to use icons within it, and want these icons installed seamlessly, you will have to name the icons after the project. In the following we look at a project named krep. The important lines in CMakeLists.txt are the ones printed bold below:

PROJECT( krep )
FIND_PACKAGE( KDE4 REQUIRED )
INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES( ${KDE4_INCLUDES} . )
 
SET( krepSources main.cpp krep.cpp krep.h )
 
qt4_add_dbus_adaptor( krepSources 
                      org.kde.krep.xml
                      krep.h
                      krep
                      mainadaptor
                      MainAdaptor )
 
kde4_add_ui_files( krepSources krepui.ui )
 
kde4_add_app_icon]]( krepSources "hi*-app-krep.png" )
 
KDE4_ADD_EXECUTABLE( krep ${krepSources} )
 
TARGET_LINK_LIBRARIES( krep ${KDE4_KPARTS_LIBS} )
 
install( TARGETS krep ${INSTALL_TARGETS_DEFAULT_ARGS} )
 
'''kde4_install_icons( ${ICON_INSTALL_DIR]]} )

Weitere Informationen:

How to test it

  • delete a file
 rm /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/22x22/apps/krep.png
noframe
 
Note
We are assuming your icon path is /usr/local/share/icons.

Find it out with the command

kde4-config --path icon
  • delete your cache
rm -rf /var/tmp/kdecache-''user''/icon-cache.kcache

According to Development/CMake/Addons_for_KDE#Macros you need to provide a 128x128 pixels icon.

The icon naming scheme

Example for icon names:

  • hisc-apps-bla.svgz will be installed e.g. to /usr/local/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/bla.svgz. hi stands for "hicolor", sc for "scalable", apps for "applications", bla for the application's name and .svgz is the suffix for gzipped scalable vector graphic files.
  • hi128-app-ktimetracker.png will be installed e.g. to /usr/share/icons/hicolor/128x128/apps/ktimetracker.png. hi stands for "hicolor", 128 for a resolution of 128x128 pixels, app for "applications", ktimetracker for the application's name and .png is the suffix for portable network graphic files.

example application

In this chapter we will build - on top of the KAction example - an example application kicons that looks like this:

Snapshot-tutorial-kicon.png

You can obtain its source code as part of kdeexamples by calling

git clone git://anongit.kde.org/kdeexamples

files

The example application consists of

just taken from the KAction example
Note the command
clearAction->setIcon(KIcon("tutorial-kicon"));
that sets the icon
just taken from the KAction example
This is a file that defines our icon in (almost natural) english language. It is a scalable vector graphic file. Before being used, it must be converted into a zipped scalable vector graphic named hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz, see below.
just taken from the KAction example
sorry for the name, but there are naming conventions. Create this file with the convert command from the ImageMagick package
convert world.svg hisc-apps-tutorial-kicon.svgz
Note the commands
kde4_install_icons(${ICON_INSTALL_DIR})
and
kde4_update_iconcache()
which integrate the icons.

build it

To compile, link and install the example application, do a

cmake . && make && make install

To run it, call

tutorial-kicon

Analyzing the KApplications

Maybe you have already searched for yourself how a KDE application finds its icons. You will not be successful like this:

 # [http://www.linuxintro.org/wiki/Strace#Search_for_a_syscall strace -e open] ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
 #

You see, a KDE application (in this case ktimetracker) does not open icon files or even look for them. However, it spawns a process to look for these icons:

 linux-qgla:~/repos/kdepim/ktimetracker # strace -ffe open ktimetracker 2>&1 | grep icon
 open("/usr/lib64/libkemoticons.so.4", O_RDONLY) = 3
 [pid  3457] open("/root/.icons/DMZ/cursors/left_ptr", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
 [pid  3457] open("/root/.icons/DMZ/index.theme", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
 [pid  3457] open("/usr/share/icons/DMZ/cursors/left_ptr", O_RDONLY) = 10
 [pid  3457] open("/var/tmp/kdecache-root/icon-cache.kcache", O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_CLOEXEC, 0666) = 10
 [pid  3457] open("/var/tmp/kdecache-root/kpc/kde-icon-cache.data", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 10
 [pid  3457] open("/var/tmp/kdecache-root/kpc/kde-icon-cache.index", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 10
 [...]

Moving On

Now you can move on to how to place your application in the K-Menu using .desktop files.


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