Difference between revisions of "Development/Tutorials/Games/Highscores"

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(Start of tutorial)
 
(KScoreDialog Tutorial)
Line 21: Line 21:
 
#Custom fields (e.g. number of moves)
 
#Custom fields (e.g. number of moves)
  
==The Code==
+
==Usage==
 +
===Displaying Scores===
 +
To display the high score table, it's as simple as two lines of code.
 
<code cppqt n>
 
<code cppqt n>
 
#include <KScoreDialog>
 
#include <KScoreDialog>
 +
 +
void showHighscores()
 +
{
 +
  KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Score,
 +
                        this);
 +
  ksdialog.exec();
 +
}
 
</code>
 
</code>
 +
In order to comply with the kdegames standards, you should use a {{class|KStandardGameAction}} to launch this function. This will set up the icons and toolbars correctly. See the [[Projects/Games/KStandardGameAction|KStandardGameAction tutorial]] for more information on this.
 +
<code cppqt n>
 +
#include <KStandardGameAction>
 +
void setupActions()
 +
{
 +
  KStandardGameAction::highscores(this,
 +
                      SLOT(showHighscores()),
 +
                      actionCollection());
 +
  setupGUI();
 +
}
 +
</code>
 +
 +
===Simplest way to add a score===
 +
The simplest way to add a new score to the table is as follows:
 +
<code cppqt n>
 +
#include <KScoreDialog>
 +
 +
void newHighscore()
 +
{
 +
  KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 +
  ksdialog.addScore(playersScore);
 +
  ksdialog.exec();
 +
}
 +
</code>
 +
This will add the score <tt>playersScore</tt> to the high score table and then launch the dialog. If it is the first score to be entered on the table, a blank line-edit will be provided for the player to enter their name, otherwise the line-edit will still be provided but the player's name will be automatically filled in.
 +
 +
===Passing name by code===
 +
If you want to suggest a name programatically you can do so by using the <tt>KScoreDialog::FieldInfo</tt> type. It's easy to use, for example:
 +
<code cppqt n>
 +
#include <KScoreDialog>
 +
 +
void newHighscore()
 +
{
 +
  KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 +
 
 +
  KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 +
 
 +
  ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);
 +
}
 +
</code>
 +
 +
And in this same way you can display other default fields by passing them to the <tt>KScoreDialog</tt> constructor and adding the information to your <tt>KScoreDialog::FieldInfo</tt>. For example, to display the level the player got to:
 +
<code cppqt n>
 +
#include <KScoreDialog>
 +
 +
void newHighscore()
 +
{
 +
  KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Score |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Level, this);
 +
 
 +
  KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Level].setNum(levelAttained);
 +
 
 +
  ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);
 +
}
 +
</code>
 +
===Custom fields===
 +
Since there are only a set number of standatd fields it is possible to add you own custom fields. For example you may want to put the number of moves the player made on the table. This is done through the <tt>KScoreDialog::addField()</tt> function.
 +
<code cppqt n>
 +
#include <KScoreDialog>
 +
 +
void newHighscore()
 +
{
 +
  KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name |
 +
                        KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 +
 
 +
  KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 +
 
 +
  ksdialog.addField(KScoreDialog::Custom1,
 +
                    "Num of Moves", "moves");
 +
  scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Custom1].setNum(numMoves);
 +
 
 +
  ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);
 +
}
 +
</code>
 +
The first argument to <tt>KScoreDialog::addField()</tt> must be from <tt>KScoreDialog::Custom1</tt> to <tt>KScoreDialog::Custom5</tt>, the second is the text that will appear on the high score table at the head of the column and the last argument is a unique identify for the field. After that, it is added to your <tt>KScoreDialog::FieldInfo</tt> in the same way as before.
  
 
[[Category:C++]]
 
[[Category:C++]]

Revision as of 00:00, 18 April 2007

High Scores
Tutorial Series   KDE Games
Previous   Introduction to KDE4 programming
What's Next  
Further Reading   KScoreDialog

Contents

Abstract

This tutorial will explain how to use the high score system built into kdegames in your application.

KScoreDialog

The high score system is provided through the KScoreDialog class. It is intended to be a lightweight solution and offers the following abilities:

  1. Grouping of scores (for different difficulty levels etc.)
  2. Standard fields: Name, Level, Date, Time, Score
  3. Custom fields (e.g. number of moves)

Usage

Displaying Scores

To display the high score table, it's as simple as two lines of code.

  1. include <KScoreDialog>

void showHighscores() {

 KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name | 
                       KScoreDialog::Score,
                       this);
 ksdialog.exec();

} In order to comply with the kdegames standards, you should use a KStandardGameAction to launch this function. This will set up the icons and toolbars correctly. See the KStandardGameAction tutorial for more information on this.

  1. include <KStandardGameAction>

void setupActions() {

 KStandardGameAction::highscores(this, 
                      SLOT(showHighscores()), 
                      actionCollection());
 setupGUI();

}

Simplest way to add a score

The simplest way to add a new score to the table is as follows:

  1. include <KScoreDialog>

void newHighscore() {

 KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name | 
                       KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 ksdialog.addScore(playersScore);
 ksdialog.exec();

} This will add the score playersScore to the high score table and then launch the dialog. If it is the first score to be entered on the table, a blank line-edit will be provided for the player to enter their name, otherwise the line-edit will still be provided but the player's name will be automatically filled in.

Passing name by code

If you want to suggest a name programatically you can do so by using the KScoreDialog::FieldInfo type. It's easy to use, for example:

  1. include <KScoreDialog>

void newHighscore() {

 KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name | 
                       KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 
 KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 
 ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);

}

And in this same way you can display other default fields by passing them to the KScoreDialog constructor and adding the information to your KScoreDialog::FieldInfo. For example, to display the level the player got to:

  1. include <KScoreDialog>

void newHighscore() {

 KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name | 
                       KScoreDialog::Score |
                       KScoreDialog::Level, this);
 
 KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Level].setNum(levelAttained);
 
 ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);

}

Custom fields

Since there are only a set number of standatd fields it is possible to add you own custom fields. For example you may want to put the number of moves the player made on the table. This is done through the KScoreDialog::addField() function.

  1. include <KScoreDialog>

void newHighscore() {

 KScoreDialog ksdialog(KScoreDialog::Name | 
                       KScoreDialog::Score, this);
 
 KScoreDialog::FieldInfo scoreInfo;
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Name] = "Matt";
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Score].setNum(playersScore);
 
 ksdialog.addField(KScoreDialog::Custom1, 
                   "Num of Moves", "moves");
 scoreInfo[KScoreDialog::Custom1].setNum(numMoves);
 
 ksdialog.addScore(scoreInfo);

} The first argument to KScoreDialog::addField() must be from KScoreDialog::Custom1 to KScoreDialog::Custom5, the second is the text that will appear on the high score table at the head of the column and the last argument is a unique identify for the field. After that, it is added to your KScoreDialog::FieldInfo in the same way as before.


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