Development/Tutorials/Debugging/Debugging IOSlaves

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This page describes how you can debug an ioslave with gdb.

Contents

How does an io-slave get started?

Your application requests 'klauncher' via DCOP [FIXME: Isn't that dbus now?] for a slave. If 'klauncher' does not have an idle slave ready, it will ask kdeinit to start a new one. kdeinit forks and dlopens the library that contains the io-slave. Then it calls a function called kdemain() in the library.

Attaching gdb to an io-slave

Due to the above sequence it is rather hard to get an io-slave in your debugger. But wait there is hope. You can start klauncher in such a way that slaves for a certain protocol (the first parameter of KIO::SlaveBase() constructor of the slave class) are started in debug mode.

E.g. to start all 'http' slaves in debug mode, you type:

       in KDE 3: KDE_SLAVE_DEBUG_WAIT=http kdeinit
       in KDE 4: KDE_SLAVE_DEBUG_WAIT=http kdeinit4

This will restart 'kdeinit' and 'klauncher'.

Note: The string after the equal signal designates the name of a service, not the name of the slave! E.g. if you want to debug the kio_imap4, you must use:

       KDE_SLAVE_DEBUG_WAIT=imap kdeinit4

For information, these commands don't work:

       KDE_SLAVE_DEBUG_WAIT=imap4 kdeinit4
       KDE_SLAVE_DEBUG_WAIT=143 kdeinit4

When your application now requests a http slave, the slave will be started by kdeinit, but before it calls kdemain() (cq. main()) it will suspend the slave by sending it a SIGSTOP signal.

In the terminal from which you started kdeinit you will get the following message:

kdeinit: Suspending process kdeinit: 'gdb kdeinit 16779' to debug kdeinit: 'kill -SIGCONT 16779' to continue

You can now debug your slave by typing (or pasting) 'gdb kdeinit 16779' in a terminal. If you don't want to debug a slave you can let it continue by sending it a SIGCONT by typing 'kill -SIGCONT 16779'.

Be aware that slaves will not be killed while they are suspended.

Once you have started gdb, you can set e.g. breakpoints and then resume the slave by typing 'continue'. The debugger will return immediate with a message that a SIGSTOP has been received so you will have to type 'continue' a second time.

See also Windows-specific notes on debugging io-slaves.

Debugging io-slaves with valgrind

KLauncher can be told to run certain io-slaves through valgrind. The following command can be used to let klauncher run all https io-slaves via valgrind:

       KDE_SLAVE_VALGRIND=https kdeinit4

The valgrind output will appear as the stderr output of the kdeinit process. The $VALGRIND_OPTS environment variable can be used to pass options to valgrind. If you want to use a different skin:

       KDE_SLAVE_VALGRIND_SKIN=callgrind      ( for example )

How to get debug output

It is useful to redirect the debug output of your particular slave to a file instead of stderr. E.g. I myself use the following lines in $KDEDIR/share/config/kdebugrc.

      [7113]
      InfoOutput=0
      InfoFilename=/tmp/http
      [7103]
      InfoOutput=0
      InfoFilename=/tmp/http 

This redirects all debug info for areas 7103 and 7113 (as used by kio_http) to the file /tmp/http.

To get debug information from the SMB slave you can add the following to kioslaverc:

[SMB] DebugLevel=100

This will print additional debug info to the stderr of your kdeinit process, which typically ends up in ~/.X.err or ~/.xsession-errors

specific kioslaves


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