Development/Tutorials/Collaboration/Attica/Introduction

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Development/Tutorials/Collaboration/Attica/Introduction


Attica Introduction
Tutorial Series   Attica
Previous   Getting started with KDE development
What's Next   n/a
Further Reading   n/a

Overview

In this tutorial you learn how to use Attica to access the Open Collaboration Services in your application.

Our goal is to get a list of friends for any user registered on this site.

With Attica you can easily access services from providers such as openDesktop.org. It implements the freedesktop.org specification for the Open Collaboration Services API.

Providers

Attica supports multiple Open Collaboration Service (OCS) providers at the same time. Therefor the first thing to do is getting a ProviderManager and either asking it for a default provider (e.g. openDesktop.org for KDE) or setting a different provider by hand. Let's create a mainwindow class that loads a default provider.

mainwindow.h

//mainwindow.h

  1. ifndef MAINWINDOW_H
  2. define MAINWINDOW_H
  1. include <KMainWindow>
  2. include <KLineEdit>
  3. include <QLabel>
  1. include <attica/providermanager.h>
  2. include <attica/provider.h>

class MainWindow : public KMainWindow {

   Q_OBJECT

public:

   MainWindow(QWidget *parent=0);

public Q_SLOTS:

   void providersChanged();

private:

   Attica::Provider m_provider;
   Attica::ProviderManager m_manager;

};

  1. endif

mainwindow.cpp

//mainwindow.cpp

  1. include "mainwindow.h"
  1. include <KDebug>
  2. include <QVBoxLayout>
  1. include <attica/providermanager.h>
  2. include "simplepersonrequest.h"

MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent) : KMainWindow(parent) {

   connect(&m_manager, SIGNAL(providersChanged()), SLOT(providersChanged()));
   m_manager.loadDefaultProviders();

}

void MainWindow::providersChanged() {

   if (!m_manager.providers().isEmpty()) {
       m_provider = m_manager.providerByUrl(QUrl("https://api.opendesktop.org/v1/"));
       if (!m_provider.isValid()) {
           kDebug() << "Could not find opendesktop.org provider.";
           return;
       }
       // Use a tab widget here, so we can add more in the next tutorial
       QTabWidget* mainWidget = new QTabWidget(this);
       setCentralWidget(mainWidget);
       // Create a widget that will make use of the Provider
       // and supply information about a Person
       SimplePersonRequest* personWidget = new SimplePersonRequest(m_provider, this);
       mainWidget->addTab(personWidget, tr("Person Search"));
   }

}

  1. include "mainwindow.moc"

Person

Now that we have a Provider, we can ask it for information. As a first step, let's find out who I am. Entering any user nick into a KLineEdit will look up that Person.

Here is a class that subclasses QWidget and simply contains two labels that show the real name and city for a Person:

simplepersonrequest.h

  1. ifndef SIMPLEPERSONREQUEST_H
  2. define SIMPLEPERSONREQUEST_H
  1. include <QtGui/QLabel>
  2. include <KLineEdit>
  3. include <attica/provider.h>

class SimplePersonRequest :public QWidget {

   Q_OBJECT

public:

   SimplePersonRequest(Attica::Provider provider, QWidget* parent = 0);

public Q_SLOTS:

   void nickChanged(const QString& nick);
   void onPersonJobFinished( Attica::BaseJob *job );
   

private:

   KLineEdit* mNickNameLineEdit;
   QLabel* mNameLabel;
   QLabel* mLocationLabel;
   QString mNick;
   Attica::Provider m_provider;

};

  1. endif // SIMPLEPERSONREQUEST_H

simplepersonrequest.cpp

  1. include "simplepersonrequest.h"
  1. include <KDebug>
  2. include <QtGui/QBoxLayout>
  3. include <QtGui/QSpacerItem>
  1. include <attica/person.h>
  2. include <attica/itemjob.h>

SimplePersonRequest::SimplePersonRequest(Attica::Provider provider, QWidget* parent)

   : QWidget(parent)
   , m_provider(provider)

{

   QVBoxLayout* layout = new QVBoxLayout(this);
   
   mNickNameLineEdit = new KLineEdit();
   layout->addWidget(mNickNameLineEdit);
   mNameLabel = new QLabel(this);
   mNameLabel->setText("Name");
   layout->addWidget(mNameLabel);
   mLocationLabel = new QLabel(this);
   mLocationLabel->setText("Picture");
   layout->addWidget(mLocationLabel);
   mNick = "fregl";
   mNickNameLineEdit->setText(mNick);
   connect(mNickNameLineEdit, SIGNAL(returnPressed(QString)), SLOT(nickChanged(QString)));
   nickChanged(mNick);

}

void SimplePersonRequest::nickChanged(const QString& nick) {

   mNick = nick;
   Attica::ItemJob<Attica::Person>* job = m_provider.requestPerson(mNick);
   connect(job, SIGNAL(finished(Attica::BaseJob*)), SLOT(onPersonJobFinished(Attica::BaseJob*)));
   job->start();

}

void SimplePersonRequest::onPersonJobFinished( Attica::BaseJob *job ) {

   kDebug() << "onJobFinished";
   Attica::ItemJob<Attica::Person> *personJob = static_cast< Attica::ItemJob<Attica::Person> * >( job );
   if( personJob->metadata().error() == Attica::Metadata::NoError ) {
       Attica::Person p(personJob->result());
       mNameLabel->setText(p.firstName() + ' ' + p.lastName());
       mLocationLabel->setText(p.city());
   } else {
       mNameLabel->setText("Could not fetch information.");
   }

}

  1. include "simplepersonrequest.moc"


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