Development/Tutorials/Building An Existing Application

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Contents

Introduction

This tutorial aims to make it easy to get the source code of an application, build and install it in your home directory without interfering with your system.

Getting the source code

Make sure to set up git URL renaming properly, so that you can use commands below.

Git Configuration and URL Renaming

You should also configure your git user name and email as mentioned on the git configuration page.

If you don't know the project name of the application you want to build, check out projects.kde.org to find it.

Let's assume you want to build Parley from KDE Education and found that it's project name is simply parley. Most project names are actually that simple.

Once you have the project name, create a directory which you will use for development. We'll use /home/username/devel/src for our source code.

mkdir -p ~/devel/src
cd ~/devel/src

And check out the application there:

git clone kde:parley

Let's create a script that you can source to set up your development environment.

KDE_DEVELOPMENT_PATH=~/devel/install
export PATH=$KDE_DEVELOPMENT_PATH/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$KDE_DEVELOPMENT_PATH/lib/kde4:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export KDEDIR=$KDE_DEVELOPMENT_PATH
export KDEDIRS=$KDE_DEVELOPMENT_PATH
export KDEHOME=~/devel/kdehome # Configuration settings end up here
export KDETMP=/tmp/kde-git-$USER
export KDEVARTMP=/var/tmp/kde-git-$USER
mkdir -p $KDETMP
mkdir -p $KDEVARTMP
kbuildsycoca4

Call it for example kde-devel-env and source it:

source kde-devel-env

Now we want to have a build directory at the same level as the source directory to keep everything neat. From there we run cmake to create makefiles that allow us to run make to build the application.

mkdir -p ~/devel/build/parley
cd ~/devel/build/parley
cmake ../../src/parley -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$PARLEY_PATH -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debugfull

Make sure that cmake tells you that everything is all right at this point. If all went well, you're good to go, run make:

make

(Or to make use of all your cpu cores make -j8 for 8 cores...) And if make finished, install.

make install

Now you should have the application actually installed in /home/username/devel/install. To let kde applications find all their plugins it might be necessary to run kbuildsycoca4 again at this time.

Library dependencies

If you find that you later want to also change libkdeedu which is used by Parley, this setup is just right.

cd ~/devel/src
git clone kde:libkdeedu
cd ../build/
mkdir libkdeedu
cd libkdeedu/
cmake ../../src/libkdeedu/ -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$PARLEY_PATH
make 
make install

Figuring out Dependencies

Most of the time your distribution will provide you with most dependencies for your project. For Debian/Kubuntu run:

apt-get build-dep parley

On openSuse:

zypper source-install parley

(Fetches the source package and installs dependencies. You can then safely remove the source package.)


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