Development/AkonadiPorting/AddressBook

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Contents

Introduction

The address book API KABC has been available for application developers for several major version releases of KDE.

Its main entry point for applications is the KABC::StdAddressBook singleton.

The most prevelant usage is loading all address book contents synchronously and the working with the loaded data set, e.g. by calling "find" methods or even iterating over the whole contact pool.

Aside from often needlessly loading the all contacts into memory in every application accessing the address book, the synchronous I/O either meant blocking the application or introducing unexpected re-entrancy when the address book plugins were using nested event loops to process jobs without returning from the called function.

noframe
 
Warning
Akonadi's job based API is capable of doing synchronous execution as well, so one might be tempted to use this instead of the signal/slot approach shown on this page. The recommendation is to only use this as an intermediate step at best, the potential re-entrancy due to the nested event loop can lead to hard to debug problems.


Common Usage Patterns

Most usage patterns involve one of the KABC::AddressBook's "find" methods. Their functionality is now mostly available through Akonadi::ContactSearchJob

Find By Uid

A common use case is to look for a contact object by its identifier, e.g. acquired by user selection somewhen in the past. The code to do that usually looks like this:

KABC::AddressBook *addressBook = KABC::StdAddressBook::self();
 
KABC::Addressee contact = addressBook->findByUid( uidString );

The equivalent using Akonadi API looks like this

Akonadi::ContactSearchJob *job = new Akonadi::ContactSearchJob( this );
job->setQuery( Akonadi::ContactSearchJob::ContactUid, uidString );
 
connect( job, SIGNAL( result( KJob* ) ), SLOT( contactSearchResult( KJob* ) ) );

and

void contactSearchResult( KJob *job )
{
  if ( job->error() != 0 ) {
    // error handling, see job->errorString()
    return;
  }
 
  Akonadi::ContactSearchJob *searchJob = qobject_cast<Akonadi::ContactSearchJob*>( job );
 
  const KABC::Addressee::List contacts = searchJob->contacts();
}
Ktip.png
 
Tip
Sometimes it is necessary to transport some context from the method which creates the job to the result slot. A convenient way to do this is using the job's setProperty() method.


Find By Email

Another common use case is searching for matching contacts by email address. The code for that with KABC classes is almost identical:

KABC::AddressBook *addressBook = KABC::StdAddressBook::self();
 
KABC::Addressee contact = addressBook->findByEmail( emailString );

Unsurprisingly, the Akonadi code looks also quite similar to the previous use case:

Akonadi::ContactSearchJob *job = new Akonadi::ContactSearchJob( this );
job->setQuery( Akonadi::ContactSearchJob::Email, emailString );
 
connect( job, SIGNAL( result( KJob* ) ), SLOT( contactSearchResult( KJob* ) ) );

The code for the result slot is the same as above.

Who Am I

Another use case for KABC::AddressBook is not directly available in Akonadi:

KABC::AddressBook *addressBook = KABC::StdAddressBook::self();
 
KABC::Addressee contact = addressBook->whoAmI();
noframe
 
Note
Even this had its shortcomings, because this depends on the users adding themselves to the address book and marking the respective entry as "this is me".

Concrete use cases this has been deployed for are getting the user's full name and/or their email address, which might be better served by using KDE's identity management instead, see KPIMIdentities::IdentityManager.

It contains the identity users can configure in the Systemsettings module for personal information, so if there is data yet, the application can just embed the respective KCM in a dialog and let the user configure this centrally for all of KDE.

Modifying A Contact

When using KABC::StdAddressBook, modifying a contact (for example one retrieved by findByUid()) worked like this:

addressBook->insertAddressee( contact );
 
KABC::Ticket *ticket = addressBook->requestSaveTicket();
if ( !ticket ) {
  // error
} else if ( !addressBook->save( ticket ) ) {
    // error
    addressBook->releaseSaveTicket( ticket );
  }
}

With Akonadi, the application will need the Akonadi::Item or at least the item's identifier. Assuming the contact got retrieved using ContactSearchJob, consider keeping the item or Item::id() around, see ContactSearchJob::items().

Lets say there is just the item's identifier:

Akonadi::Item item( itemId );
item.setPayload<KABC::Addressee>( contact );
item.setMimeType( KABC::Addressee::mimeType() );
 
Akonadi::ItemModifyJob *job = new Akonadi::ItemModifyJob( item );
connect( job, SIGNAL( result( KJob* ) ), SLOT( contactModifyResult( KJob* ) ) );

The code for the result slot is similar to the one for search.

Buildsystem Adjustments

Since the application is already linking against KDE PIM Libs classes, its CMakeList.txt already has the necessary

find_package( KdepimLibs 4.5 REQUIRED )

However, "target_link_libraries" need to be extended to contain

${KDEPIMLIBS_AKONADI_LIBS}

for code classes like Akonadi::Item and

${KDEPIMLIBS_AKONADI_CONTACT_LIBS}

for contact related classes like Akonadi::ContactSearchJob.

Includes for Akonadi core classes are like

#include <Akonadi/Item>

for contact related specializations they are like

#include <Akonadi/Contact/ContactSearchJob>

In both cases also available in lowercase variants with ".h" suffix.

Further Reading

Akonadi porting efforts have resulted in a couple of useful classes for various aspects of dealing with PIM data.

For contacts such classes would be:


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